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CPCCBC4012 Building and Construction Assignment Sample

Answer the questions below. Submit by uploading the completed document in this assessment task activity.

1 - Describe what concept drawing/sketches are used for.

Architects, engineers, interior designers, and other designers utilise concept drawings, often known as sketches, to rapidly and readily explore early design concepts.

2 - In a sentence explain what architectural plans are and list 5 of the various sheets that make up a set of architectural plans.

Architectural plans are technical representations of buildings that were developed prior to the start of construction.

Chematic Design
Design Development
Construction Documents
Construction Administration

3 - Describe what structural drawings/plans are and who generally prepares them.

A structural drawing is a sort of engineering drawing that shows how a building or other structure is built. The information provided by the architectural drawings is used to construct structural drawings, which are normally created by registered specialists.

4 - Describe what civil drawings/plans are and give 1 example of the type of information they show.

A civil drawings/plans that contains information regarding grading, landscaping, or other property details is known as an architectural or site drawing. The purpose of these drawings is to show the civil engineer everything that is going on at the construction site.

5 - Describe what mechanical drawing/plans are and give 2 examples of the type of information they show.

Mechanical planning for assignment help refers to a series of engineering documents that detail the size, location, and routing of air ducts and HVAC components. Some examples are Arrangement drawing and Assembly drawing. They provide imformation regarding location, and routing of air ducts.

6 - Describe what electrical drawing/plans are, and the information they contain.

For engineering or architecture projects, electrical drawings are a sort of technical drawing that includes electrical, lighting, and communication information.

7 - Describe what plumbing and draining drawing/plans are and give 2 examples of the type of information they show.

A freshwater plumbing system flowing into a building and the outflow of solid and liquid wastewater are depicted in an plumbing drawing, which is a form of blueprint. Water lines,drains, vent pipes, valves, and accessories like toilets and sinks are generally included. These provide the information regarding the plumbing system that to be used in a building.

8 - Describe what an elevation drawing is and give 3 examples of the type of information they show.

An orthographic projection of one side of the home is depicted in the elevation. The elevation's goal is to demonstrate how a particular component of the house will look when finished, as well as to provide vertical elevation measurements. A house's orthographic projection usually includes a top view, or plan, as well as a front view and one side view.

9 - Describe what a section view of a plan shows.

A plan view is a drawing that depicts the plan view on a horizontal plane. The vertical plot is depicted in the view drawing, which is made on a vertical plane. The cross section is a vertical representation as well, but it cuts the space in half to reveal its contents.

10 - Describe what a “detail drawing” is used for.

The detail view shows the geometry of several of the objects in great detail Structures such as buildings, bridges, tunnels, machinery, and plants. These are usually huge drawings that detail parts that aren't as detailed as they may be in an assembly drawing.

11 - In your own words, explain what the datum is and how it relates to reduced levels.

The elevation or elevation above the point utilised as a location reference for elevation purposes is known as the Reduction Level (RL) (Nasab, 2020). To determine the depth necessary for the drainage system, you must start with the reference point. A reduction level of 10,000 is applied to dates.

12 - Describe what the title block of a drawing is for and give 3 examples of information it contains.

A title block is made up of the information boxes in the bottom right corner of a drawing that display information such as the drawing's title, author name, scale, and date of creation.

13 - Describe what ‘scale’ means in a drawing and how it is represented on a drawing.

The scale is demonstrated by the duration within the illustration, followed by a colon (":"), and finally the actual duration. For example, because this drawing is scaled at "1:10," something drawn with dimensions of "1" might have a length of "10" in the real world, therefore a size of 150mm on the drawing might be 1500mm on the real horse.

14 - Describe what ‘dimensions’ are, and give 1 example of what they are used for on a drawing.

Physical quantities such as length, width, height, distance, area, volume, mass, and time are measured using dimensions. Straight, radial, angle, coordinates, and arc length are the most common forms of dimensions. Use DIM commands to build dimensions automatically based on the type of object you are dimensioning.

15 - What do the following abbreviations stand for?

ABV: Assembly-based vulnerability
BM: Bituminous Macadam
B.O.F.: Bottom of Foundation
C.T.: Consultant Team
D.L.: Density Line
ELEV: Elevator or Elevation
H.B.: hard black
PWR: Power

16 - Describe what isometric drawings look like and what purpose they serve.

Isometric drawings are frequently used in technical drawings to depict items in three dimensions on two-dimensional pages. An isometric view, often known as an isometric view, is a useful tool for displaying dimensions and demonstrating how components are connected. The line does not get smaller as it gets further away, unlike perspective views.

17 - Describe what oblique drawings look like and what purpose they serve.

Because you cannot see the front and sides of an object at the same time, oblique drawing is not very realistic. It is Useful for quickly sketching and illustrating a building's front and sides.

18 - Describe what perspective drawings look like and what purpose they serve.

Flat pictures, such as sketches and paintings, are given a three-dimensional aspect by using perspective. As objects move away from the viewer, art is a technique for conveying how they get smaller and closer. A technique for expressing spatial depth and perspective is perspective. In other words, you can draw a 3D object properly on a 2D plane.

19 - Describe what orthographic drawings look like and what purpose they serve.

In drafting, orthographic views are utilised to properly and thoroughly define the contour of an object (Motallebiyan et al., 2020). The primary (front) view of the presented object is usually chosen as the most significant perspective. Orthographic projection is a method of representing an object's picture that is both clear and detailed. Engineers, designers, architects, and technical artists might utilise it to assist manufacturers in comprehending the specifics of the product they are making.

20 - Describe what CAD software is and how it is useful for designers/ architects/construction managers.

AutoCAD is generally used by architects as a 2D drafting programme to create floor plans, elevations, and sections. With pre-designed items that behave like real objects, such as walls, doors, and windows, the software speeds up the designing process. Engineers, architects, and construction managers now use CAD to replace manual drawings. This allows users to see the structure by creating designs in 2D or 3D. The design process can be developed, modified, and optimised using CAD.

21 - Describe what Building Information Modelling (BIM) is and what it is used for, and list the 4 steps of the BIM process.

The foundation of digital transformation in the architectural, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry is Building Information Modeling (BIM). This allows architects, engineers, and designers to replicate what they are trying to build in order to detect potential design, construction, or operational concerns. The Four
Phases of BIM Implementation are as follows:

• Evaluation/Assessment
• Preparation for the Transition / Project Pre-Planning
• Execution of the Plan / Design and Construction
• Operations and Maintenance through Experience and Expertise

22 - Describe what Class 1, 1a and 1b buildings are, as described in the NCC.

Class 1a buildings are single-family homes. Or one of a group of ancillary housing such as townhouses, townhouses. Single-family dwellings are classified as Class 1a structures. Alternatively, one of a group of supplementary dwellings such as townhouses. Buildings classified as Class 1b are boarding houses, boarding houses, or hostels with a floor space of less than 300 m2 and a capacity of less than 12 people.

23 - Describe what Class 3 buildings are as described in the NCC. Include 2 examples of Class 3 buildings.

Non-Class 1 or Class 2 buildings used to accommodate unrelated persons include boarding houses, guest houses, hostels, backpackers, or hotels (Alok et al., 2018). Hotel and motel dining rooms, bars, shops, and kiosks are all examples.

24 - Describe what Class 6 buildings are as described in the NCC. Include 3 examples of Class 6 buildings.

Shops, restaurants, and cafes are typically classified as Class 6 structures. A location where retail products can be sold and the general public can be served directly. Hotel and motel dining rooms, bars, shops, and kiosks are all examples.

25 - Describe the purpose of the AS 1170 series of Standards.

The permanent hydraulic pressure, groundwater, stormwater accumulation, and earth pressure actions utilised in the design of critical conditions for structures and structural components are specified in this standard. The main purpose is to specify permanently applied hydraulic pressure, groundwater, stormwater accumulation, and earth pressure effects used in the marginal state design of structures and structural components.

26 - Describe the purpose of the AS 1684 series of Standards.

AS 1684 Residential Timber Framed Construction is a four-part Australian standard for timber frame members that includes design criteria, building methods, guides, braces, and span charts.

27 - Provide a definition for the following terminology used in building and construction.

a. Contour line: On topographic maps, contour lines depict the height or depression of the ground (Aven, 2018).

b. Datum: A line that serves as a base for measuring other numbers or as a point of reference.

c. Easement: An easement or easement contract is a term used to describe a situation in which one party uses the assets of another party and the owner of that asset is charged a fee in exchange for the easement.

d. Set-back: The minimal open space required surrounding any building or structure is known as setback.

e. Verge: Many species of insects, including as grasshoppers, butterflies, moths, wasps, and bees, as well as small mammals like shrews and voles, rely on roadside verges for food and shelter.

28 - Describe the following building and construction methods.

a. Foundations
b. Rendering
c. Truss roof
d. Pitched roof

A foundation is an element of a structure that connects it to the ground and transfers loads from the structure to the earth in engineering. Generally, foundations are classified as shallow or deep.

Rendering is the process of creating the final image. Rendering is similar to the concept of impression of a scene created by an artist.

The truss designed to give support and strength to the roof is an essential truss for the roof frame.

A Pitched roof is a downwardly sloping roof that is usually divided into two parts at an angle from the central ridge, but can also be sloping from one end to the other.


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