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SITXINV001 Receive and Store Stock Assignment Sample

Attempt these questions for assignment help

Question 1

Identify 3 details you must check on an invoice for each for the following types of goods.

Item Category Details to be checked (quality,temperature etc.)

Dry Goods
Poultry & Meat
Fruit & Vegetables
Paper Products

Question 2

List the correct storage areas and storage conditions for the supplied goods.The first one has been done for you as an example.

Dry Goods-e.g. Dry store, 14-20°C,

Item Category Storage areas and Storage conditions

Fruit & Vegetables
Paper Products

Question 3

Identify the details that need to be put on a label, and give one example of a food label.

Question 4

Provide 5 examples for safe manual handling provisions to receipt, storage and transportation of stock

Question 5

You have identified that the delivery includes field tomatoes instead of the Roma tomatoes that were ordered. The frozen Ling fillets appear to have freezer burn damage. What would you do to handle these problems and what are the requirements to document these discrepancies?

Question 6

Provide 2 examples for stock control documentation you would use to record this delivery and explain how these work.

Question 7

In which sequence would you store the received goods in this delivery – Number from 1 to 4 in order of priority.With 1 being highest priority and 4 being lowest priority – scale needs to be explained.

Sequence of storing received goods Priority number

Bag of rice
Frozen Peas
Fresh salmon
Fresh vegetables

Question 8

You are storing all items in the designated storage areas. How should the items be rotated?

a) First in Last out
b) Last in First out
c) Last in Last out
d) First in First out

Question 9

After placing all items in storage you double check all storage areas and you notice the following issues. List at least one action you would take in terms of documentation, reporting or disposal ((whichever actions are most relevant)

1. Some lettuces in the coolroom are not covered and are starting to look tired Action:
2. 8 cans of whole peeled tomatoes in the dry store will expire in 28 days Action:
3. The vacuum seal of a small pack of chicken drumsticks is broken and the content smells Action:
4. A near empty container of bleach in the chemical cupboard has a crack which causes seepage of product Action:

Question 10

Hazardous substances are present in many Hospitality industry operations. List 2 impacts of hazardous substances on the environment with examples? How should hazardous substances be disposed off?

Question 11

List 5 measures which could be used to ensure that all storage areas are safe and secure to prevent stock losses

Question 12

As part of daily and weekly checks of the goods and storage areas, you are required to wash and sanitise them. How would you ensure the following areas are clean, sanitised, in good order and free from vermin? (at least 1 point each)

Question 13

Identify three ways you can determine stock usage rates for products in stock.

Question 14

List three occasions when it is necessary to update information in the stock control/management system?

Question 15

List 4 methods which can be used to identify slow moving stock items in storage areas in a restaurant.

Question 16

List methods of segregation of non-food items from food items that have potential to cross-contaminate.

Question 17

A computerised system is a good option for businesses like hospitality dealing with many different types of stock. List 3 features and functions of computerised stock control system.

Question 18

List 5 pieces of information that are recorded on a ‘wastage sheet’ or on a ‘kitchen/store spoilage report’.

Question 19

List 5 pieces of information that are recorded on a ‘wastage sheet’ or on a ‘kitchen/store spoilage report’.

Question 20

Match the correct description to the relevant type of stock control documentation.

Stock control documentation:

Requisition form,Stock transfer form, Bin card, Stocktake sheet, Purchase order, Delivery docket.

Description Answers

a) Used to record the amount of stock on hand for tracking periodic usage or for comparison to computerized records

b) Record of the amount and type of goods received from the supplier

c) Record the amount and type of goods ordered from a supplier

d) Details the type and amount of stock to be issued to different departments by the store

e) Record of the stock held within a section, or ‘bin’

f) Details the type and amount of stock to be transferred from 1 department to another

Question 21

Briefly describe the following stock control systems in about 50-100 words each.

Bin card system
Imprest system
Integrated point-of-sale system
Ledger system

Question 22

On receiving delivery of stock, you notice that you have received excess stock. Describe how you would deal with excess stock.


Answer 1

1. Identification of the details on the invoice

Dry Goods:

- The quantity of the pieces should be checked and noticed whether the numbers are aligned with the numbers listed in the invoice (Coorey et al., 2018).

- Particular attention should be paid to the contents of the dry good package if the sealed cartons show signs of damage or opening.

- The quality and quantity of the canned goods should be inspected before signing the invoice.

Dairy Products:

- “Dairy products” are perishable and thus the “best before date” of the products should be checked.
-  The numbers of the items should be checked with the list of numbers in the invoice.
-  The temperature should be checked.


-  Seafood should be counted.
-  The seafood should be weighted to check whether it corresponds to the weight specified on the invoice.
-  The quality of the seafood should be checked with the quality specified in the invoice.

Poultry and Meat:

-  The grade of the meat should be checked with the grade specified in the invoice.
-  The cuts of the meat should be specified with the invoice.
-  The package should be evaluated for Cryovac.

Fruit and Vegetables:

-  These items are usually delivered in “bags”, “cartons”, and “cases”. The numbers should be counted, and bags should be weighed.

-  The items should be evaluated for ripeness, freshness, and other aspects of quality.

-  In case of mistakes in delivery or problems of unacceptable quality, the invoice should not be signed.

Paper Products

-  “Paper” products should be checked for contamination.
-  The number should be checked with the number listed in the invoice.
-  The quality should be checked.


-  The containers of the chemical should be checked for leakage or damage.
-  The best before date should be checked.
-  The color and texture should be checked.


-  The “best before date” should be checked.
-  The packaging should be checked.
-  The number of beverages should be checked against purchased items in the invoice.


-  The received numbers should be checked against ordered numbers.
-  Should be checked for torn, or damage.
-  The quality should be checked.

Answer 2

Storage areas and storage conditions

Refrigerators, 2°C- 4°C

Ice storage, −1°C to 2°C

Ice storage in the refrigerator, 1°C to 2°C (Khan et al., 2019).

Stainless still trays or plastics, 2°C to 4°C

Fruit & Vegetables
Storeroom or refrigerator, 10°C to 15°C

Paper Products
Storeroom, 15°C- 25°C

Dry storage, 14°C-20°C

Dry Storage, 4.5°C and 21°C

Dry storage, 68°F- 78°F

Answer 3

Food Label

All food labels need to contain certain information. The name of the food and the description of the food should be present in the food level. The ‘Food Standard Code” specifies that food labels should display the address of the party that manufactures the product or the address of the party that is involved in the supply and or import of the product. Apart from this, the “Food” Standard Code also specifies that the batch number and lot number of the product should be present on the food label (Temple et al., 2019). The street number of the supplier of the food should be mentioned. The “ingredient list” of the food should be present on the food level. The “date mark” should be there. “NIP” or “nutritional information panel” should be present in the ‘food level”. The country of origin and the “statement of advisory” or the “statement of warning” should be present in the food level.

Figure 1: The example of a food level
(Source: Temple et al., 2019)

Answer 4

examples of safe manual handling provisions for receipt, storage, and transportation of stock


-  Checking the stock that is incoming against documentation and orders.
-  Identification and documentation of the variations.
-  Reporting the variations to the appropriate authority (Bell, 2022).
-  Inspection of the elements that have been received for quality, breakages, discrepancies, use-by dates, and others.
-   The management of stocks that are in excess.

Storage and transportation

-  Always remaining vigilant about the fact that types of equipment and shelves are not overloaded.
-  The characteristics of the load should be determined.
-  The route of transportation should be freed from any kind of obstructions.
-  The application of correct techniques of lifting.
-  “Protective” clothing should be worn.

Answer 5

Discrepancy and Documentation

The reception of field tomatoes instead of Roma tomatoes and the issue of the freezer burn damage of frozen ling fillets is a case of discrepancy and mismatch. These items need to be returned to the supplier. The items should be listed, the quality and descriptions of the good should be mentioned, and the date of return should be recorded (Bell, 2022). At the time of return, a “credit return’ slip from the supplier or the delivery boy should be obtained. The accounts department should be notified about the discrepancy. The case of the tomato corresponds with the issue of “stock variation”. Stock variation occurs when wrong items are received. The follow-up action is recording and reporting to the manager concerned and the supplier.

These discrepancies should be recorded in the “Goods received Book”, and a triplicate ordering system should be applied to make people aware of the discrepancies.

Answer 6

Stock Control Documentation

The “stock control documentation” is important. The two pieces of documentation that would be used in handling the return of the field tomatoes are the copies of the ‘triplicate ordering system” in which one copy stays in the book, 1 copy stays with the supplier and one copy stay with the storeman, and the daily food receiving the report (Inegbedion et al., 2019). The invoice would be required as well.

The daily food receiving report would indicate the received food is field tomatoes and not Roma tomatoes. It would be checked against the invoice and the discrepancy would be revealed thus.

Another example would be to check all the copies of triplicate ordering and the difference in the suppliers' copy with the copies of the book and storeman would also indicate that a mismatch has taken place.

Answer 7

Sequence of received goods

Bag of rice 4

Frozen Peas 3

Fresh salmon 1

Fresh vegetables 2

The numbers have been arranged in terms of the priority of the storage and the shelf lives of the mentioned food. The highest priority has been assigned to the storage of “fresh” salmon. The key reason behind this is that the shelf life of fresh salmon is 1 to 2 days (Goh & Jie, 2019). The second highest priority has been given to fresh vegetables as the shelf life of vegetables is 1 week to 2 weeks. The third highest priority has been given to frozen peas as the shelf life of frozen peas is approximately eight months. The lowest priority has been given to a bag of rice as the shelf life of a bag of rice lasts approximately two years.

Answer 8

Rotation of the items

d) First in first out

The items should be rotated in the FIFO method. In other words, the items should be rotated in “First in first out”. This would ensure that the items that have been stocked first have been served first (Sembiring et al., 2019).

Answer 9

Actions to be taken

1. Some lettuces in the coolroom are not covered and are starting to look tired Action:


2. 8 cans of whole peeled tomatoes in the dry store will expire in 28 days Action:


3. The vacuum seal of a small pack of chicken drumsticks is broken and the content smells Action:


4. A near-empty container of bleach in the chemical cupboard has a crack which causes seepage of product Action:


Answer 10

Impact of hazardous substances

Two Impacts of Hazardous substances on the environment

There exist many hazardous items in the hospitality industry. The hazardous substances of the hospitality industry can cause significant damage to the environment.

One of the damages that the presence of hazardous items in the kitchen can do to the environment is that it can kill living organisms in a lake, river, or other water bodies (Wang et al., 2018). Apart from this, the contact of these hazardous elements with any area can make the area contaminated and the area can cause reproductive problems and complications in animals. This would reduce their survival rate.

Figure 2: Hazardous elements in the environment
(Source: Wang et al., 2018)

Apart from the threat to the biodiversity of the environment, hazardous substances can pose a significant threat to the air quality in the environment. The mixing of hazardous elements with the air deteriorates the quality of the air and the inhalation of this air by animals and humans cause significant health hazards to humans and animals.

Examples of the impact of a hazardous substance on the environment are air pollution, water pollution, and loss of biodiversity.

Disposal of hazardous substances

Certain rules must be followed for the disposal of hazardous substances. Waste should be disposed of with authorized waste carriers. Protective glasses must be worn in times of the disposal of the hazards.

Answer 11

Safety, security, and the prevention of stock losses

Certain processes and measures are taken to ensure that the stocks remain safe and that stock loss does not take place.

? One of the measures that should be taken is pest control. This would prevent the loss of food stock.

? The cleaning of the storage area is important to keep the stock safe and secure. The cleaning of the area would ensure that the area does not get contaminated. The area does not attract rodents or insects that harm the stock (Wang et al., 2018).

? The area of the storage should be locked during the times when it is not in use.

? The chemicals and foods should be stored in different storage. This would ensure that the stock is safe and secure.

? “Spot checks” should be carried out intermittently related to stocks and stored goods.

Answer 12

Daily and weekly cleaning of food storage area:

As part of Food Safety Practices and General Requirements, the goods and storage areas can be cleaned as per Standard 3.1.1 which indicates that the area would be clean to free of extraneous visible matter and objectionable odor. Chemicals are needed to be used for cleaning procedures. The storage areas such as walls, air filters, garbage bins, and vents are needed to be cleaned weekly. Dust control, microfiber cleaning cloth, detergent impregnated wipes, and disinfected impregnated wipes can be used for the purpose of cleaning on daily basis. Khuluse & Deen (2020) have stated that chemical energy, mechanical energy, thermal energy, and time are some of the factors that affect cleaning. The Storage areas can be free from vermin if a combination of thermal and chemical sanitization is properly used weekly. The use of steam and hot water ensures that grease and vermin are killed. The applications of chemicals like general detergent, floor cleaner, and sanitizer can be used for weekly cleaning.

Answer 13

Three ways of determining stock usage rate

Analyzing Beginning-of-Period', Received Product Orders within that particular time being are needed to be calculated and then subtracted from the 'End-of-Period' Inventory for determining stock usage rates for the products in stock.

A Perpetual Inventory system can be used for stock usage as this makes sure the additions and subtractions of the products that are received and sold from stocks (Inegbedion et al. 2019). This indicates the moving of products from one place to another.

Ledger System, on the other hand, keeps records of the financial and non-financial transactions related to business leading to the management of existing stock. Similarly, the Periodic Inventory system process helps in the aspect of measuring the cost of the stored goods through the system of physical counting. In this way, the stock usage rates for the products in stock can be identified periodically.

Answer 14

Three occasions to update stock control

At the time of stock movement, the updation of the storage are related things in the stock control system is needed to be informed as to the part of making sure that manual handling of the stocks is performed properly. Apart from that at the time of unpacking the stock items after the stocks are being moved from one place to the other place, the stock control systems need to be updated (Kholidasari & Ophiyandri, 2018). Apart from these two mentioned occasions, at the time of raising the security issues, such as suspicious behavior and crowd control, stock control systems are needed to be updated to analyze whether the level of stocks is kept as it was or if it has been deferred.

Answer 15

The four methods are followed to keep track of the slow-moving stock items in the restaurant areas:
RFID inventory system: The radio frequency Identification System makes sure that active and passive technology is being used for managing the stock and inventory at the same time. This helps in analyzing the slow-moving stock items in the storage area of the warehouses (Amirapu et al. 2021).

Figure 3: RFID inventory system
(Source: Amirapu et al. 2021)

Bin Card system: This system helps in identifying or tracking the storage or stock based on keeping a record of the stock room. In the storage area of a restaurant, the stocks of the products are moved from one place to the other and the bin card system helps in the process of documentation.

Integrated point of sales system: With the help of broadband systems, the slow-moving inventory and its movement can be controlled based on the analysis of the payments made for the movement from one place to another place (Saeed et al. 2019).

Imprest system: This helps the restaurant areas to work on tracking and documenting how cash is being spent. This helps in managing the stock based on the effective and time-bound cost management of the stocks.

Answer 16

Methods of reducing cross-contamination: segregation of non-food items from food items

Using different utensils for raw and cooked food is effective in reducing cross-contamination from food items to non-food items. Separate raw meat, poultry, and seafood are needed to be stored in food storage containers and kept separately in the refrigerator from the grocery shopping items. According to King (2020), placing raw foods in sealed plastic bags that can create cross-contamination prevents their juices from being dropped on top of the other type of food and non-food items. This can reduce and prevent the scenario of cross-contamination effectively. The foods that cannot contaminate need to be kept in dry storage whereas the raw foods that can contaminate need to be refrigerated.

Answer 17

The following three features and functions can be noticed in the case of computerized stock control systems effectively:

? In the case of RFID, the Stock and pricing data are often noticed to be strategically integrated with the accounting as well as invoicing systems from time to time (Jena et al. 2022).

? The process of stock monitoring and the order aspects can be automated based on the remote analysis of the existing stocks from time to time.

? The real-time inventory level helps in automating the process of batch control of the stocks that comes to the storage from time to time (Cyrus & Correia, 2018). For instance, the barcode inventory helps in scanning the stock data, and in this process active as well as passive technologies are simultaneously used as part of automating the whole operating thing (Gawale et al. 2021).

Answer 18 

5 types of information in waste sheet

The five pieces of information that are being mentioned in the ‘kitchen/store spoilage report’ include the type of foods that have been wasted, the food waste reason, the portion measurement to which the food has been wasted, the person who has recorded about the food waste and the time when the record has been made (Dalmia, 2018). These are often recorded as part of pre-consumer food waste before discarding. In the case of missing the measurement scales, recording the number of portions leftover or the volume is found to be one of the most significant pieces of information to be recorded as part of the wastage sheet (Filimonau et al. 2021).

Answer 19

The 2 electronic equipment used for stock control

In most cases, RFID systems and barcode systems are identified as the two most used and highly prioritized equipment for stock control. Zuo (2021) has stated that RFID inventory management is seen to be extremely efficient as it helps in monitoring the process of managing products through the RFID tags and products from time to time. Initially, individual products and components are identified by this particular system so that the identified products can be strategically tracked down throughout the SCM, the process of production to the point of sales of the tracked products. That helps in controlling theft management and tracking how many products are returned and purchased throughout the supply chain. On the other hand, barcode inventory is stock control equipment that is mostly used by the workers in the warehouses to track or scan to comprehend whether the products or food items are part of the stock or not (Atkins, Sener & Russo, 2021). This is about assigning a number to each product that the businesses sell and this helps to identify as well as track the products based on their identified numbers from time to time.

Answer 20

Matching of description regarding stock control documentation

Answer 21

Description of stock control systems

Bin card system: This is a perpetual inventory system that is thoroughly managed by the stores for the purpose of showing the number of products that have been received. This also helps in identifying the quantities of materials received besides balancing the in-hand materials after receiving each receipt (Jaswal, 2019). This aspect can be considered the stock card and it is also called a bin tag. This real-time data entry procedure reduces the scope of most of the mistakes as this helps in managing the control over stock through a consistent updation and balance of store.

Imprest system: This is a type of financial accounting and this helps in tracking and documenting the cash expenditure aspects. Caon (2020) has stated that the cost control on the receivable products can be easily monitored with the help of this particular application. This practice discourages the process of illegal spending and this process makes sure that the funds are adequately designated for the purpose of pre-determined purposes.

Integrated point-of-sale system: The online payment can be processed with the help of this particular stock inventory. This requires the help of the broadband to perform properly. This is basically a combination of hardware and software that is used for handling payments and managing inventory so that employees and customers can be managed easily (Yu et al. 2018). Basically, smartphones, mobile POS, cards, and chip readers are some of the most common POS readers that are mostly used and popularized among the ordinary mass.

Ledger system: This particular system works on the identification of all the financial as well as non-financial transactions of the businesses from time to time. This is about stirring and organizing financial data which can be further used for creating the financial statements for the organizations. The auditors often utilize those data for comparing the on-hand quantities (Zia et al. 2020).

Answer 22

The way of dealing with excess stock:

Returning the stocks for a refund can be one of the most cost-effective decisions. Apart from that, consigning the products and trading with industry partners can be identified as one of the most efficient ways of managing this situation (Priniotakis & Argyropoulos, 2018). Apart from that, liquidating excess inventory besides diverting the inventory to the new products can be identified as some of the most efficient moves to deal with excess sticks.

Reference List

Amirapu, M., Eshwari, R., Nischitha, H. M., Prajwal, N. J., & Lakshmi, K. P. (2021). RFID-based smart inventory system for all businesses. International Journal of Inventory Research, 6(1), 1-13. Retrieved from: https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/abs/10.1504/IJIR.2021.113808

Atkins, R., Sener, A., & Russo, J. (2021). A Simulation for Managing Retail Inventory Flow Using RFID and Bar Code Technology. Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education, 19(3), 214-223. Retrieved from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/dsji.12232

Bell, J. L. B. (2022). Safe Moving & Handling Policy. Retrieved from: https://www.fnhc.org.je/media/43596/safe-moving-handling-policy-2022-final-updaed-21222.pdf
Caon, M., Khaled, O. A., Vaucher, P., Mezher, D., & Mc Guire, G. (2020, April). Digitalization of the last mile of a humanitarian supply chain. In International Conference on Human Interaction and Emerging Technologies (pp. 596-602). Springer, Cham. Retrieved from: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-44267-5_90
Coorey, R., Ng, D. S. H., Jayamanne, V. S., Buys, E. M., Munyard, S., Mousley, C. J., ... & Dykes, G. A. (2018). The impact of cooling rate on the safety of food products as affected by food containers. Comprehensive reviews in food science and food safety, 17(4), 827-840. Retrieved from: DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12357

Cyrus, J. P., & Correia, L. R. (2018). Computerized Food Warehouse Automation. In Computerized Control Systems in the Food Industry (pp. 365-392). CRC Press. Retrieved from: https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=UkwPEAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA365&dq=computerized+stock+control+systems&ots=6BvPK4Bgu0&sig=Or-IWJ_3_Fpm63npsP3Y0mpEriQ
Dalmia, S. (2018, August). Visual screens in Canteens providing Real Time information of Food Wastage. In 2018 Second International Conference on Green Computing and Internet of Things (ICGCIoT) (pp. 201-204). IEEE. Retrieved from: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8752997/

Filimonau, V., Nghiem, V. N., & Wang, L. E. (2021). Food waste management in ethnic food restaurants. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 92, 102731. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278431920302838

Gawale, V., Barapatre, H., Dhoke, P., & Gavand, R. (2021). Material Management–Using Barcode System. VIVA-Tech International Journal for Research and Innovation, 1(4), 1-5. http://www.viva-technology.org/New/IJRI/2021/10.pdf

Goh, E., & Jie, F. (2019). To waste or not to waste: Exploring motivational factors of Generation Z hospitality employees towards food wastage in the hospitality industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 80, 126-135. Retrieved from: DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2019.02.005

Inegbedion, H., Eze, S. C., Asaleye, A. J., & Lawal, A. I. (2019). Inventory management and organisational efficiency. The Journal of Social Sciences Research, 5(3), 756-763. Retrieved from: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/2302/

Inegbedion, H., Eze, S. C., Asaleye, A. J., & Lawal, A. I. (2019). Inventory management and organisational efficiency. The Journal of Social Sciences Research, 5(3), 756-763. Retrieved from: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/2302/1/jssr5%283%29756-763.pdf

Jaswal, R. (2019). Bar Inventory, Bar Frauds, Books Maintained. Retrieved from:

Jena, D., Panigrahi, R. R., Dash, M., & Bhuyan, A. K. (2022). RFID and Operational 9 Performances. Data Analytics, Computational Statistics, and Operations Research for Engineers: Methodologies and Applications, 235. Retrieved from: https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=6wBgEAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA235&dq=computerized+stock+control+systems++RFID&ots=87pWs-WkW0&sig=kFh9UTjUNMUjnvzHBLTO0oxF2gc

Khan, I. T., Bule, M., Rahman Ullah, M. N., Asif, S., & Niaz, K. (2019). The antioxidant components of milk and their role in processing, ripening, and storage: Functional food. Veterinary world, 12(1), 12. Retrieved from: doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2019.12-33

Kholidasari, I., & Ophiyandri, T. (2018). A Review of Human Judgment in Stock Control System for Disaster Logistics. Procedia engineering, 212, 1319-1325002E Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S187770581830198X/pdf?md5=f3ff9233b181b125006b442d2f44a706&pid=1-s2.0-S187770581830198X-main.pdf

Khuluse, D. S., & Deen, A. (2020). Hygiene and Safety Practices of Food Vendors. Afr. J. Hospit. Tour. Leis, 9, 597-611. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Anisah-Deen-2/publication/344511230_African_Journal_of_Hospitality_Tourism_and_Leisure_ISSN_2223-814X_Hygiene_and_Safety_Practices_of_Food_Vendors/links/61126d49169a1a0103ee277e/African-Journal-of-Hospitality-Tourism-and-Leisure-ISSN-2223-814X-Hygiene-and-Safety-Practices-of-Food-Vendors.pdf

King, H. (2020). Facilities That Enable Food Safety Management Systems Execution. In Food Safety Management Systems (pp. 105-120). Springer, Cham. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-44735-9_6

Priniotakis, G., & Argyropoulos, P. (2018, December). Inventory management concepts and techniques. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 459, No. 1, p. 012060). IOP Publishing. Retrieved from: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/459/1/012060/pdf

Saeed, S., Nizamani, M. A., Shaikh, A., Memon, M. A., Abbasi, F. A., & Naqvi, S. M. R. (2019). Evaluating the Quality of Point of Sale (POS) Software. University of Sindh Journal of Information and Communication Technology, 3(2), 69-75. Retrieved from: https://scholar.archive.org/work/5b3w6q63rzendmlh4cxsjptxse/access/wayback/http://sujo2.usindh.edu.pk/index.php/USJICT/article/download/229/202

Sembiring, A. C., Tampubolon, J., Sitanggang, D., & Turnip, M. (2019, November). Improvement of inventory system using first in first out (FIFO) method. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1361, No. 1, p. 012070). IOP Publishing. Retrieved from: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1361/1/012070/meta

Temple, J. B., Booth, S., & Pollard, C. M. (2019). Social assistance payments and food insecurity in Australia: Evidence from the household expenditure survey. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(3), 455. Retrieved from: DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030455

Wang, Q., Awasthi, M. K., Ren, X., Zhao, J., Wang, M., Chen, H., & Zhang, Z. (2018). Recent advances in composting of organic and hazardous waste: A road map to safer environment. Biosynthetic Technology and Environmental Challenges, 307-329. Retrieved from: DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-7434-9_17

Yu, H., Sedlezky, S., Wong, K., Hernandez, T., Larsen, P., & Stephenson, G. (2018). Point-of-Sale (POS) Systems. Pop-up Retail Strategies in an Omnichannel Context. Retrieved from: https://pressbooks.library.ryerson.ca/popup/chapter/chapter-9-point-of-sale-pos-systems/

Zia, M. F., Benbouzid, M., Elbouchikhi, E., Muyeen, S. M., Techato, K., & Guerrero, J. M. (2020). Microgrid transactive energy: Review, architectures, distributed ledger technologies, and market analysis. Ieee Access, 8, 19410-19432. Retrieved from: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel7/6287639/8948470/08966274.pdf

Zuo, Y. (2021). Towards a trustworthy RFID system-from a security perspective. International Journal of Business Information Systems, 36(3), 432-448. Retrieved from: https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/abs/10.1504/IJBIS.2021.113282

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SIT40516 Certificate IV in Commercial Cookery Assignment Sample


 Assessment Questions

1. List three sources where you might obtain information on your organisation’s customer profile
and food preferences.

2. List 5 elements of detailed customer information that a business would find beneficial for
establishing a customer profile:

3. Why is it important to obtain information from customers about their preferences when
designing a menu? (in about 30-50 words).

4. Provide an example of food preferences for each of the following ethnic groups. Include a typical
or preferred service style and suggest three popular dishes for each group.

  • Thai - Food preferences
  • Preferred service style
  • Three popular dishes
  • French - Food preferences
  • Preferred service style
  • Three popular dishes
  • USA - Food preferences
  • Preferred service style
  • Three popular dishes
  • Indian - Food preferences
  • Preferred service style
  • Three popular dishes
  • Italian - Food preferences
  • Preferred service style
  • Three popular dishes

5. Which aspects do you need to consider in terms of food cost and pricing when choosing the
following menu types?

  • À la carte
  • Table d’hôte
  • Bistro style

6. List 3 key considerations that must be taken into account when designing and costing a menu.

7. Complete the following table with standard weights and measures. Please note an example is
worked out for you.

8. Complete the following yield tests, calculating the Net yield per Kg and the net portion cost for
each commodity based on the net cost per Kg and the portion size per kg provided

9. What is a Butcher’s test? About 80-100 words.

10. What is the average profit margin in the restaurant and catering business? Describe the two
types of profit margin in about 10-30 words.

11. How would the profit margins and menu type differ in a fine dining establishment compared to a
bistro or pub?

What would be cost factors you would need to consider for each of these operations?

12. How can you use seasonal availability to your advantage when designing menus?

13. List two advantages of using fresh local produce in a restaurant.

14. From which country does teppinyaki cuisine originate and which style of service does it use?

15. Describe what is meant by the term silver service.

16. What is the purpose of breakfast buffets? List 2 advantages of using a buffet set-up for

17. List any 6 service styles that are adopted by different food outlets. Give the characteristics of
each style in about 20-40 words each.

18. Describe continental cuisine in about 50 words.

19. List 4 popular Asian dishes.

21. Which of the following are the correct formulae to calculate food cost, food cost percentage and
sales price? State true or false

Food Cost = Sales Price : Purchase price 
Food Cost % = Food Cost : Sales Price x 100 
Food Cost % - Food Cost x Sales Price : 100 
Sales Price = Targeted Food Cost Percentage x Food Cost : 100 
Sales Price = Food Cost : Targeted Food Cost Percentage x 100 

22. The following examples for calculating the mark-up and calculation factor for a product are:
Indicate true or false.

  • Markup is the difference between your purchase price and your Sales Price
  • If a bottle of wine costs you $10.00 and you sell it for $40.00 then you have a markup of $30.00 which
  • equals 300%.
  • If the markup percentage is 200 % and an item costs $20.00 the sales price is calculated as: 100%
  • ($20.00) + 200% ($40.00) = $ 60.00.
  • If the markup for a product is 275% the calculation factor to determine the Sales Price is 2.75
  • If the markup for a product is 300% the calculation factor to determine the Sales Price is 4.
  • If a product costs $12.00 and the markup is 300%, then the sales price is $36.00.

23. Customer characteristics vary according to a wide range of factors. Give general examples of
how each of the following characteristics will impact on your planning of menus and menu styles
in an establishment: (in about 20 words each)

24. List 3 types of cuisine commonly served in Australian restaurant of modern times:

25. Describe the popularity index in about 60-80 words. Specify the formula for popularity index.

26. What is a sales data index? (about 20 words)

27. Identify four ways you can get ongoing feedback from customers and others to improve menu

28. State what documents you can use to calculate the purchase price or cost per unit of each

29. Describe what a ‘customer survey’ is and how it can help you. (in about 40-50 words)

30. Identify the typical formats and inclusion of menus presented to customers

31. Match the events to the correct menus from the box below:

32. Seasonal products and commodities influence menu content. Explain how can you deal with this
in about 10-20 words.

33. List any 6 naming conventions and culinary terms for a variety of cuisines.



The three sources, from where information about the food preferences and customer profile of the organization can be obtained are the following:

o The current database of the customers
o Customer interviews conducted by the company
o Customer surveys conducted by the company


The five basic information required to conduct customer profiling of an organization includes the following:
o Age range
o Gender
o Income range
o Social background
o Cultural background


According to Yalcinkaya,(2020), it is stated that information about customer preferences plays a crucial role in identifying the best suitable business decisions and strategies. It helps the business organizations to decide, appropriately on the right strategies to determine the potential business opportunities.


The food preferences for each of the groups are discussed below along with the preferred service style and popular dishes for the specific groups

Thai: food preferences: the typical aspect of Thai food includes a mixture of salty, sweetness, bitter, spicy, and sours (Qasim, 2015)

Preferred service style: The Thai people always prefer family-style, which includes serving the food items in common serving platters and putting more than one spoonful on the plate, at a time.

Three popular dishes: Tom Yum Goong, Som Tum and Pad Thai

French: food preferences: the French people prefer soup or salad with bread and a dessert, and tend to survive a long break in between lunch and dinner (Martínez-Torreset al.2015)

Preferred service style: the French people prefer serving many dishes at the same time and the table is largely filled with dishes

Three Popular Dishes :Boeuf Bourguignon, Potatoes Dauphinoise and Cassoulet


Food preferences: The USA people are casual by nature and prefer handy and quick filling foods, like Pizza (Fu et al.2015)

Preferred service style: the USA people prefer an informal style of serving food, with the neat placing of the dishes and the spoons

Three popular dishes: Apple Pie, The Hamburger, and Deep Dish Pizza

Indian: food preferences: The Indians prefer carbohydrate-rich foods and consumes multiple cuisines, based on the north and south culture (DE LORENZOet al.2017)

Preferred service style: the Indians always use the Right hand to serve and eat food and serve food with a lot of care and closeness

Three popular dishes: Mutton curry, Idli, Fish Curry


Food preferences: The Italians like the tango taste and prefers chili and tomato in their dishes (Fahleviet al.2019)

Preferred service style: The Italians prefer their chefs to be creative and the dishes are assembled and portioned at the table in front of each guest

Three popular dishes: Caprese Salad with Pesto Sauce, Panzanella, Bruschetta


A la Carte

This is a French term, which means preparing the menu, according to the preferences of the customers and orders placed by the customers. It offers a wider selection of food items and needs a more mise en place preparation, space, and time, wherein the dishes included are costlier (Saba et al.2019).

Tabled Hote

This is another French term that is used to refer to the concept of food from the host’s table (Hugheset al.2016). It includes a classified menu, wherein a complete meal at a fixed price is decided, regardless of how much is consumed.

Bistro Style

This style refers to the Parisian-style restaurant concept, wherein simple meals are served, which includes wine and coffee within a causal and modest sitting and the table is set with casseroles and wine(Naderer, 2021).


o Preferences of the customers
o Income range
o Cultural influence




Beans 2kg, $20
Brocolli 1 kg , $3
Carrots 5kg, $4
Cauliflower 3kg, $15
Kohlrabi 4kg, $10
Spinach 6kg, $7
Onions 2kg, $3
Sirloin 10kg, $25
Loin of pork 5kg, $15
Leg of Lamb 4kg, $10


A butcher's test is a process, wherein the quality and total yield of fish, meat, and poultry can be evaluated. It is used by chefs and cooking experts to determine the true cost of the meat, which falls under the edible portion, and enable the concerned professional to make the best decision while comparing the same product, with varied items from different vendors (Smith et al.2015).


The two types of profit margin in restaurants include the net profit and the gross profit (Madeiraet al.2021). The average profit margin in restaurants can vary from 20% to 35%, based on the occupancy rate and average billing.

Q 11

Restaurant profit margin is calculated by dividing the net profit by revenue and then multiplying it by hundred. Fine dining restaurant is more sophisticated unique and expensive with specific dedicated mean courses. On the other hand, a bistro or pub .has budget-friendly food and they do not maintain sophistication in terms of high-quality chef customization means and Stella customer service.

Q 12

Consideration of seasons while designing a menu is important since raw ingredients in a particular season are fresh and they give better taste when used in the preparation of a meal (DiPietro, 2017). Local food can be easily available in the menu card, takes season availability as a consideration and new varieties can be made to satisfy customer appetite. It will also create the opportunity to make holiday-themed courses that will attract more customers to the restaurant.

Q 13

Using local food for the preparation of meals in restaurants is better since

? The foods are fresh, they taste better, and have more nutritional values
? They support seasonal needs which can make it better for geographical location

Q 14

The origin of teppanyaki-style of food is mainly from Japan. It is a style of Japanese culture where the chef and the cook enter into a good understanding relationship. Customers’ orders from the diner and food are prepared for them on the table on an iron plate and served to them on the spot where they are sitting.


Silver service is also named French service where the food is offered as a formal meal by the waiter with the use of a silver spoon and fork in one hand and the food items are served individually one by one on the diner's plate (Ali et al., 2021).


Breakfast is the first meal of the day and the main reason for the breakfast buffet is that it can provide the diners with more food and they can eat as much as they want (Yusof et al., 2018). Advantages of breakfast buffet system:

? It will offer people large varieties of food to have for the breakfast
? Dinosaurs can choose from the variety of nutritional food provided in the buffet according to their preference.

Q 17

? Cart French service is where the food is prepared beside the table and cooked in front of the diners

? Banquet French service is where the platters of food are prepared inside the kitchen and then brought out to diners and served.

? Butler service stylish wear food on left on trays by servers to the guests who are seated with their utensils and they have to solve themselves

? Russian silver service is where the surface of the food on the platter and then they are passed on the table

? The American service style is where the letter is placed in the kitchen and the waiter wait to carry the food to the diner

? The buffet service style is self-serving where food is placed on the table and the guests have to help themselves with the food.


Continental food refers to those which are mainly made by European countries. Continental cuisine has dishes from French Italian and Spanish categories all clubbed together under the name of continental food (Bhuiyan&Iqrar, 2019). Their special ingredient is the use of olive oil, herbs, wine, and minimal spices.

Q 19

? Chilly crab in Singapore
? Momos in the Himalayas
? Candied Haws in China
? Khantoke dinner in Thailand

Q 20

? A la carte menus
? Du jour menus
? Fixed menus
? Buffet menus
? Cycle menus

Q 21

? True
? False
? True
? False
? False
? True

Q 22

? True
? True
? False
? True
? False
? True

Q 23

Q 24

1. Roast lamb (which is also known as the national cuisine of Australia) (Sinclair & Carr, 2018)
Meat pies is another famous cuisine often found to be served in most of the Australian restaurant
Steak and veggies is another, and one the most famous cuisine is served by the most of the hotel situated in Australia

Q 25

Popularity index is considered as the number of a given food is ordered by the chosen guest from given alternatives. It is considered to be a useful tool while developing a menu. The popularity index is further used for forecasting the cuisine items.

The obtained formula to find out the popularity index of an particular dish from given alternatives is: (Popularity index= number of specific food item ordered, and sold/ number of total food items ordered, and sold) (Peng & JEMMOTT III, 2018)

Q 26

The sales data index is referred to the obtained ratio between number of sales revenue generated in a particular year and total number of sales revenue generated in a base year (Vandevijvere et al., 2019)

Q 27

Ongoing feedback of the guest, and consumers can be procured through allowing the guests to provide the feedback in the feedback note of the hotels, also consumers can provide their feedbacks and reviews on the website, and social media page of the company (Nicol, 2021).

Procurement, and assessing the feedbacks provided by the consumers is considered as one of most important tool to evaluate the quality of product, and service are being provided by the employers, in this context the quality of the food, and services which can be considered while making decision to bring relevant changes to further offer more consumer oriented services, and better quality of food.

Q 28

The bill and inventory list can be used to evaluate the purchase price, and expenditure of per unit of each ingredient (Nicol, 2021).

Q 29

Customer survey is consider as an effective tool, or method to procure primary quantitative data from the consumer by asking few survey questions regarding the quality of the product, and services, and by evaluating, and analysing the procured data using specific data analysing technique allow the employer what further changes they need to incorporate into (Nicol, 2021).

Q 30

There are in general four types of menus, such as fixed menu, cycle menu, static menus, and la carte menus. However most common formats used while developing a menu is introducing the purpose of menu, and a welcome note, further segmentation of the course, and items included into those course, and their price, and preparation methods, and used ingredients.

Q 31

Wedding reception_ Cyclical A la carte
Prison _meat ball in onion sauce
Fast food restaurant that serves Mexican food_Tachos, nachos, tortillas (Sinclair & Carr, 2018)

Q 32

Often it is observed that the dish of an restaurant get highly influenced by the seasonal food ingredients, due seasonal food ingredients are highly available in the market at affordable price, and it can be procured as fresh, consists of nutritional attributes (APRILIANI, 2021).

Q 33

1. A la carte
2. Au gratin
3. Aspic
4. Aerate
5. A point
6. Al dent


Ali, S. R. O., Norizan, S. N., Said, N. S. M., Mat, K. A., &Jislan, F. (2021). Assessing Customer Satisfaction Towards Service Quality in the Hospitality Industry. JurnalIntelek, 16(1), 67-73.


Bhuiyan, M. M. M., &Iqrar, M. (2019). How ethnic restaurants' product and service quality affects customer satisfaction: A study on Indian sub-continental restaurants in Lappeenranta.

Bodrunova, S. S., & Yakunin, A. (2018, July). Impact of menu complexity upon user behavior and satisfaction in information search. In International Conference on Human Interface and the Management of Information (pp. 55-66). Springer, Cham.

DE LORENZO, A., ISEPPI, L., LEPELLERE, M. A., & CHANG, T. F. M. (2017).Food styles and the dynamics of the Mediterranean adequacy index. New Medit: Mediterranean Journal of Economics, Agriculture and Environment= Revue Me?diterrane?enned?Economie Agriculture et Environment, 16(3), 28.

DiPietro, R. (2017). Restaurant and foodservice research: A critical reflection behind and an optimistic look ahead. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management.

Fahlevi, M., Zuhri, S., Parashakti, R., &Ekhsan, M. (2019). Leadership Styles Of Food Truck Businesses. Journal of Research in Business, Economics, and Management, 13(2), 2437-2442.

Fu, H., Wu, D. C., Huang, S. S., Song, H., & Gong, J. (2015).Monetary or nonmonetary compensation for service failure?A study of customer preferences under various loci of causality. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 46, 55-64.

Hughes, S. O., Power, T. G., O’Connor, T. M., Orlet Fisher, J., & Chen, T. A. (2016).Maternal feeding styles and food parenting practices as predictors of longitudinal changes in weight status in Hispanic preschoolers from low-income families. Journal of obesity, 2016.

Madeira, A., Palrão, T., & Mendes, A. S. (2021).The Impact of Pandemic Crisis on the Restaurant Business. Sustainability, 13(1), 40.

Martínez-Torres, M. D. R., Rodriguez-Piñero, F., &Toral, S. L. (2015). Customer preferences versus managerial decision-making in open innovation communities: the case of Starbucks. Technology analysis & strategic management, 27(10), 1226-1238.

Naderer, B. (2021). Advertising Unhealthy Food to Children: on the Importance of Regulations, Parenting Styles, and Media Literacy. Current Addiction Reports, 8(1), 12-18.

Nicol, D. (2021). The power of internal feedback: Exploiting natural comparison processes. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 46(5), 756-778.

Peng, Y., & JEMMOTT III, J. B. (2018). Feast for the Eyes: Effects of Food Perceptions and Computer Vision Features on Food Photo Popularity. International Journal of Communication (19328036), 12.

Qasim, S. (2015).Airline service quality in Pakistan–A customer preferences approach. Pakistan Business Review, 17(1), 99-112.

Saba, A., Sinesio, F., Moneta, E., Dinnella, C., Laureati, M., Torri, L., ...&Spinelli, S. (2019). Measuring consumer's attitudes towards health and taste and their association with food-related lifestyles and preferences. Food quality and preference, 73, 25-37.

Schjøll, A., &Alfnes, F. (2017). Eliciting consumer preferences for credence attributes in a fine-dining restaurant. British Food Journal.

Sinclair, J., & Carr, B. (2018). Making a market for Mexican food in Australia. Journal of Historical Research in Marketing.

Smith, W., Butcher, E., Litvin, S. W., &Frash, R. (2015). Incorporating an instructional scaffolding approach into the classroom: Teaching for authentic learning in hospitality and tourism education. Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism, 15(3), 264-277.

Vandevijvere, S., Jaacks, L. M., Monteiro, C. A., Moubarac, J. C., Girling?Butcher, M., Lee, A. C., ... & Swinburn, B. (2019). Global trends in ultraprocessed food and drink product sales and their association with adult body mass index trajectories. Obesity Reviews, 20, 10-19.

Yalcinkaya, B. (2020). Customer Preferences in Small Fast-Food Businesses: A Multilevel Approach to Google Reviews Data.

Yusof, A., Othman, M., Ghazali, H., Awang, K. W., &Majid, M. A. A. (2018). Buffet Diners Dining Behavior: A Proposed Preliminary Conceptual Model. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(2).

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CHCMHS006 Facilitate The Recovery Process with The Person, Family and Carers Assignment Sample


You must answer all questions below correctly.


  • Access to textbooks and other learning materials
  • Access to a computer, printer, Internet and email software (if required)
  • Access to Microsoft Word (or a similar program).


This is an open book test – you can use your learning materials as reference.

You must answer all questions in this task correctly.

You must answer the questions by typing your answers in Microsoft Word or a similar program – your assessor will advise as to whether you must email them your completed assessment, submit the file on a USB drive or hand in a hard copy. If there are tables included in your task that you need to fill out, you may choose to recreate them in a word processing application. If you have been provided with an electronic version of this booklet, you may prefer to type your answers directly into the document.


The following written questions may use a range of ‘instructional words’, such as ‘identify’ or ‘explain’. These words will guide you as to how you should answer the question. Some questions will also tell you how many answers you need to give – for example, ‘Describe three strategies…’.

Describe – when a question asks you to ‘describe’, you will need to state the most noticeable qualities or features. Generally, you are expected to write a response of two or three sentences in length.

Explain – when a question asks you to ‘explain’, you will need to make clear how or why something happened or the way it is. Generally, you are expected to write a response of two or three sentences in length.

List – when a question asks you to ‘list’, this means you will need to briefly state information in a list format, often with a specific number of items indicated.


Ariel works for a community-based organization which provides a range of support services to people living with mental illness and AOD issues. She has been working with Howard to identify people who can support him in his recovery. Ariel has supported Howard to identify the people who he would like to form his care network, and together they have set some goals and identified appropriate roles and responsibilities for each person. When meeting with members of the care team to discuss their roles and the strengths that they bring, Ariel has identified a number of knowledge gaps and skills gaps. List three strategies that Ariel could use to address these gaps.


Once Ariel has addressed the knowledge and skills gaps identified in Question 1, she puts strategies in place to implement the care network for Howard. One of her tasks is to explain the benefits of a care network. List at least five benefits of involving members of the care network in Howard’s recovery process.


Describe dignity of risk and its importance in self-determination and empowerment for people living with mental health and/or AOD issues.


The mental health sector has a set of principles and values which underpin and guide the provision of support and care. Select at least five of the values and principles from the list below and describe how they are applied in your workplace. Explain how each one impacts your practice.


Define the term ‘mandatory reporting’ as it applies to the health and wellbeing of children and young people.


Although you may not be working directly with children and young people, there is the potential for you to become aware of potential child abuse or neglect in the course of your work. Mandatory reporting requirements vary by state and territory in Australia. Complete the following table with the details relevant to your state or territory and to your work role.


Working in a community services role carries a number of legal and ethical obligations. Describe your legal and ethical obligations to clients living with a mental illness and AOD issues, their families and extended care networks and your colleagues and other people in your workplace under the following

Duty of care
Human rights


You have been working with Sandra to identify some members of her family and some friends to support her as she seeks treatment for her alcohol addiction and mental health issues. So far, Sandra has identified four people who she would like to involve (Eddie, Martin, Sabrina and Hubert). You are about to set up meetings with each of the four people to discuss their roles and you would like to provide them with some information and resources. List five sources of general information that you provide to each person regarding the provision of support and available services to support carers.


List at least five strategies which you could use to maintain professional boundaries with clients and members of the care network.


Describe at least three strategies that you would use to maintain a relationship with members of the care network, monitor progress and adjust support/information/resourcing as required.


List the specific mental health legislation which applies to your work in the community services sector. How does the legislation impact your practice? What strategies do you have in place to ensure that you stay up-to-date with changes to legislation?


Answer no. 1

Three strategies in relation to the above-mentioned case can be taken into consideration to increase as well as improve the knowledge, as well as skills of the team members, are as follows:

1. Motivating as well as fostering effective mindset: It is very important to develop the right mindset while hiring people for a care unit network, followed by if the candidate lack skills with the effective mindset it is very significant to make them understand they are about to receive effective guidance as well as support from the staff and judging their attitude in regard to the job is very important while encouraging them to have the right mindset to acquire effective knowledge.

2. Formalizing a process of training: It is very essential to deliver effective training to
individuals to be better as well as effective at their job profile. Formalizing a process of training will be very effective for individuals to acquire an effective set of knowledge. The training process is to provide mental strength with understanding physical manifestation with proper knowledge.

3. Utilization of effective tools: It is very effective to make use of effective to facilitates individuals to learn in an efficient manner followed by it also tends to increase as well as improve the work quality delivered (Mountain et al., 2020).

Answer no. 2

Five benefits in relation to involving the care network in association with Howards’s recovery process are as follows:

1. Continuity: Building an effective relationship with the care network will make sure the patient is receiving continued treatment for the betterment in the health conditions.

2. Convenience: Care unit network delivers effective convenience to the patient which helps him to recover in a faster manner.

3. Health Maintenance: Effective maintenance of health is provided by the unit care network which reduces the risk of emergency as well as increases the change of patient recovery

4. Early Detection: Effective regular checkups, as well as effective contact with the care network units, can help the patient detect early signs which can be treatable in nature.

5. Better Communication: With an effective care network unit better communication facilities are delivered in relation to the treatment of the patient which fastens the patient's recovery.

Answer no.3

Dignity of risk

It is considered as a concept of affording an individual the right to undertake reasonable risk and the impeding of this right can deteriorate personal growth, followed by self-esteem as well as the overall quality of life. Importance of dignity of risk in self-determination It is considered as an idea of bearing the cost of an individual the option to attempt sensible danger which facilitates the factor of self-determination in the patient's recovery. It is an important factor that emphasizes personal choice as well as the concept of self-determination (Weeghel et al., 2019).
Importance of dignity of risk in Empowerment

It is considered as a thought of bearing the expense of an individual the choice to endeavor reasonable risk which facilitates the figure of self-assurance as well as empowerment of their thoughts in relation to patient recovery. It is a significant factor that helps in individual decisions as well as in the idea of self-assurance.

Answer no. 4

Answer no. 5

Mandatory reporting is recognized to be a legal requirement, within the medical intervention as it helps in understanding of the requirements of the patients and delivers the understanding into written format or vocal format to the doctor and nurses who are in charge. This provides the facility to deal with the requirements and provide them with better treatment and integrate care that are required within the facility of the medical practices in relation to the state as well as regulation for health care providers to report an incident as well as an occurrence when the individual is at risk. The concept of mandatory reporting is particularly enacted in association with the interest of public protection which certainly requires state-enforced regulations. In mandatory reporting records of specific injuries as well as wounds are recorded, followed by domestic violence for patients being treated through a healthcare provider. Mandatory reporting is a legislative requirement in relation to selected individuals to report child abuse as well as neglect of government authorities.

Answer no. 6

Answer no. 7

Legal and ethical obligation for the followings:

? Anti-discrimination: The Civil Rights Act of 1964, delivers it is illegal to discriminate against anyone on the basis of their caste, color, creed, religion, culture, as well as sexual orientation. This particular law tends to safeguard an individual against any kind of racial discrimination.

? Duty of Care: Duty of care refers to a simple legal obligation to particularly always act in the effective interest in relation to individuals as well as others, followed by not to act in a way that causes harm to any individual. Duty of care certainly protects patients in the health care setting and it facilitates quality care to the patients for their better recovery.

? Human Rights: Human rights certainly act as an ethical framework in relation to the corporate governance, which certainly includes the factor of obeying the law, followed by not misleading, as well as delivering service with effective care and skills, and providers are certainly fit for the purpose and lastly take considerable action for the good.

Answer no. 8

Answer no. 9

Five strategies in association with maintaining effective professional boundaries in care unit network are as follows:

1. Establishing rules in relation to contact
2. Delivering professional interpersonal behavior
3. Eradicating or eliminating dual relationships
4. Effective time management to balance personal and professional life
5. Effectively following legal rules as well as regulations

Answer no. 10

Three strategies that can be taken into consideration while maintaining a relationship with a care network are as follows:
Understanding the functionality of care workers: It is vital to maintain relationships with the care worker network as it helps in providing better approach and opportunity that are required within the operations. If there is any patient then the person can be of good use.

Effective Communication: It is very essential to facilitate the factor of communication as it enhances the quality of work delivered by the healthcare provider. Effective communication between patients and the health care unit network can implement effective strategies to enhance the level of recovery.
Proper Collaboration: Effective network can be made by working collaboratively as it helps the health care provider to understand the patients as well as their mentality in regards to tehri treatment procedures which increase as well as improves the factor of recovery.

Answer no. 11

Legislation helps the healthcare organization to conduct legal activities as well as provide quality care to individuals or patients. The strategies to facilitate effective legislation in relation to health care facilities are as follows:

1. Following Anti-discrimination policy
2. Providing effective duty of care
3. Facilitating human rights as well as social justice (Gumley et al., 2020)


Barrett, E. L. (2019). Lived experiences of Australians with mental health and AOD comorbidity and their perspectives on integrated treatment. The Australian Journal on Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 38-42.

Hegarty, K., Gleeson, S., Brown, S., Humphreys, C., Wheeler, J., Hooker, L., &Tarzia, L. (2020). Early engagement with families in the health sector to address domestic abuse and family violence: Policy directions.

Isobe, J., Healey, L., & Humphreys, C. (2020). A critical interpretive synthesis of the intersection of domestic violence with parental issues of mental health and substance misuse. Health & Social Care in the Community, 28(5), 1394-1407.

Mairami, F. F., Warren, N., Allotey, P. A., Reidpath, D. D. (2020). Contextual factors that shape recovery after stroke in Malaysia. Disability and rehabilitation, 42(22), 3189-3198.

Melbourne, S. E., & Melbourne, N. W. (2018). Getting it right: National Psychosocial Support Measure Co-design Forum.

Mountain, A., Patrice Lindsay, M., Teasell, R., Salbach, N. M., de Jong, A., Foley, N., ... & Cameron, J. I. (2020). Canadian stroke best practice recommendations: rehabilitation, recovery, and community participation
following stroke. Part two: transitions and community participation following stroke. International Journal of Stroke, 15(7), 789-806.

Myers, K., Kroes, S., O’Connor, S., & Petrakis, M. (2020). Reasons for use package: Outcomes from a case comparison evaluation. Research on Social Work Practice, 30(7), 783-790.

Thomson, J. D. (2022).Greater Geelong Planning Scheme Amendment C401 Mt Duneed Community Care Accommodation Facility at 120 Russells Road, Mount Duneed.

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HLTWHS004 Manage Work Health and Safety Assignment Sample


Provide a definition of the following terms:

  • Hazard
  • Risk
  • Risk control
  • Risk management process


Describe how each of the following supports the implementation of change when new safety control measures are introduced in the workplace.

  • Risk register
  • Work procedures
  • Worker feedback
  • Training
  • Supervision


  • Describe the role and duty of care of:
  • persons conducting a business or undertaking (PCBUs)
  • company directors/officers
  • workers as described under the WHS Act and Regulations.


  • Company directors/ officers
  • Workers


Provide three situations where a WHS procedure should be monitored and/or reviewed.


Describe how each of the following standard precautions are used to prevent infectious agents spreading from one person to another.

  • Cough etiquette
  • Handling of waste and linen
  • Aprons/gowns


Explain each of the following precaution types and provide an example for each

Precaution type: Contact precaution
Precaution type: Droplet precaution
Precaution type: Airborne precaution


Provide a description of each of following Acts and standards. Explain why they are important to your role.


What current health and safety policy, systems or procedures would a typical community services workplace have in place to help manage the control of infections? List at least three for assignment help.


Provide the relevant AS/NZ standard for the following PPE items

  • Gloves
  • Eyewear
  • Gowns
  • Masks


Why is record keeping in the risk management process important?


What is the name of the WHS authority in your state or territory?


List at least three potential barriers or challenges you might experience when putting in place a new work health and safety initiative.


In your own words explain each of the safe work design principles below. You may like to research this information from the Guidance of the principles of safe design for work (May 2006), Australian Safety and Compensation Council, Canberra. Make sure your explanations relate to the community services industry.

Principle 1: Persons with control
Principle 2: Product lifecycle
Principle 3: Systematic risk management
Principle 4: Safe design knowledge and capability
Principle 5: Information transfer


Jacky has been assaulted by a client. They spat on her and then threatened to hit her in the face. The client has been removed from the premises but Jacky is feeling very shaken up. You are Jacky’s supervisor.

List three things your workplace could do to support Jacky in dealing with the stress of this incident.


Hazard - Hazards in the business affect productivity of the organisation as well as the operational efficiency of the employers.

Risk - Risks result in the potential losses of the organisation including organisational, strategic, financial, operational and reputational image.

Risk control - Risk control is the mechanisms that evaluate the probable losses and minimise the dangers associated with the risks (Kaassis & Badri, 2018).

Risk management process - The management is the process of assessing threats to the capital and turnover of the organisation.

Answer 2:

Risk register - The management tools which assess the setbacks within the vital projects and solve the risks.

Work procedures - Work Procedures imply the management principles of an organisation that actually work as assets.

Worker feedback - Worker feedback facilitates the operational management, evaluates the work progress and rectifies the mistakes in the implemented plans.

Training - Training plays a pivotal role in the employee performance and maximized productivity of the organisation.

Supervision - The role of supervision is scrutinising the performance with control and directing the operations in an efficient way.

Answer 3:

PCBUs: As per the regulations of WHS, PCBUs are bound to ensure the good health, safety of the workforce in the organisation.

Company directors/ officers: They are responsible for providing proper sanitation, drinking water, basic amenities of the workers and making the system safe.

Workers: The workers must take care of their own health and make sure their conduct must not affect the health of others.

Answer 4

1. The situations where the control measures loose efficiency in the operational movement and reducing the risks, WHS procedures must be monitored,

2. WHS mechanisms can be reviewed as there are important changes that must be made in the workplace. The changes can occur in the work environment or the work mechanism.

3. The instances of hazard exposure, any accidents or critical injury are monitored by the WHS procedures. After the new riks being identified, the procedures can be applicable.

Answer 5

Cough etiquette - Covering the mouth while sneezing or coughing,throwing the tissues into the dustbins, washing the hands before touching any surface are responsible practices.

Handling of waste and linen - The decontamination of clothing can happen by hot-ironing and laundry should be removed to the washing area (Sui, Ding & Wang, 2020).Waste materials must be disposed of after reaching the point of no use.

Aprons/gowns - Gowns should be non- sterile, clean and waterproof for droplet and contact precautions. These work as protections against hazardous spills in fatal situations.

Answer 6

Precaution type: Contact precaution

Explanation It checks the transmission of infectious agents that are spreaded by the contact with the diseased and its surroundings.

Precaution: Gloves must be put on always to be protected from the germs of the patients.

Precaution type: Droplet precaution

Explanation: It works as the prevention method for being protected from the respiratory droplets of the patients.

Precaution: Masks must work as a droplet precaution within the closer distance of a patient (Shook et al., 2021).

Precaution type: Airborne precaution

Explanation: The precautions are mandatory for being protected form the spread of air- borne agents of infection.

Precaution: The particulate respirator must be worn before entering the room of the patient.

Answer 7:

Work/Occupational Health & Safety Act (choose the Act relevant to your state or territory) - This act consolidates the regulations and laws for promoting safety and health in the workplace. This also prevents the occupational hazards that hinder productive performance.

AS/NZS 4815:2006 - This ensures the maintenance of ethics in the sterilisation process and critical cases of the patients. The office-based health care must accommodate the sterilisation of low temperature.

AS/NZS 3816 - This includes safe segregation. Identification, disposal and treatment of waste materials that pose dangerous threats to the sustainability of the environment.

Answer 8

1. IPC is an evidence-based and practical approach in the workplace that guarantees the safety of the environment with clean water, healthy sanitation and efficient waste management.

2. According to SICP, protected management of linen. PPE, waste materials and theoverall environment is done. In addition to it, the health of patients are also assessed for identification of infections and risks.

3. New York State, in 2012, enlisted scientifically incorporated prevention techniques of infection that focus on the adequate maintenance of the personnel performance.

Answer 9

Gloves - In New Zealand and Australia, focus is on the correct usage of globes from the fatal cuts and wounds (Thibaud et al., 2018). These must ensure the perfect and efficient protection to the patients

Eyewear - The use of relevant lenses are prioritised to set the perfect standard to the patients.

Gowns - The occupational protective gowns are made popular that need particular care and cautious handling.

Masks - Masks must comply with the AS/NZS standard and patients must be relaxed and comfortable for the usage of these.

Answer 10

Records in risk management are vital for the proof of compliance and the fees and potential penalties can be avoided (Shook et al., 2021).The keeping of records is important for influencing important business decisions. The financial statements can be monitored and the deductible expenses can be kept track of.

Answer 11

SafeWork NSW is the authority in Australia responsible for the hazards related to the business mechanisms and making the business operations safe and protected.

Answer 12

1. The conflicting demands and behaviours in the workplace pose hindrances to the implementation of the safety and health initiative.

2. The budget issues often pose a barrier to the safety of the workplace. Many protective measures and equipment can't be put into place due to lack of funds (Sui, Ding& Wang, 2020).

3. Sometimes the complex nature of the workplace gets tough and someone does multiple tasks at the same time that can not let the effectiveness of the initiatives flourish.

Answer 13

Principle 1: Persons with control

The persons take effective decisions in designing the policies, facilitating the promotion of safety in the workplace easier.

Principle 2: Product lifecycle

This entails minimising risks and eliminating hazards at each stage in the life cycle since the conception (Thibaud et al., 2018)

Principle 3: Systematic risk management

This applies risk identification, assessment of hazards and the process of risk control.

Principle 4: Safe design knowledge and capability

This be acquired and demonstrated must be monitored by those controlling the designs.

Principle 5: Information transfer

Effective communication and the documented designs are necessary for the maintenance of safety.

Answer 14

1. I try to convince him to stay positive all time and be composed if any untoward situations happen at the workplace (Kassis & Badri, 2018).

2. I will motivate him to carry on with his work otherwise his future performance will be affected.

3. I will make him adaptable to every situation and tell him to accept the things which we can not control all the time.

Reference list

Kaassis, B., & Badri, A. (2018). Development of a preliminary model for evaluating occupational health and safety risk management maturity in small and medium-sized enterprises. Safety, 4(1), 5. Retrieved from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/20464177.2019.1670994

Shook, N. J., Delaney, R. K., Strough, J., Wilson, J. M., Sevi, B., & Altman, N. (2021). Playing it safe: Dispositional mindfulness partially accounts for age differences in health and safety risk-taking propensity. Current Psychology, 40(5), 2142-2152. Retrieved from: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/2050312120918999

Sui, Y., Ding, R., & Wang, H. (2020). A novel approach for occupational health and safety and environment risk assessment for nuclear power plant construction project. Journal of Cleaner Production, 258, 120945. Retrieved from: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/505/1/012028/pdf

Thibaud, M., Chi, H., Zhou, W., & Piramuthu, S. (2018). Internet of Things (IoT) in high-risk Environment, Health and Safety (EHS) industries: A comprehensive review. Decision Support Systems, 108, 79-95. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Wei-Zhou-5/publication/323388900_Internet_of_Things_IoT_in_high-risk_Environment_Health_and_Safety_EHS_ind


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CPC40120 Certificate IV in Building and Construction Assignment Sample

Answer all these questions

1 Describe what presentation drawings are and their purpose.

2 Describe what isometric drawings are and their purpose.

3 Describe what orthographic drawings are and their purpose.

4 Describe what perspective drawings are and their purpose.

5 Describe the purpose of the following drawing conventions. You may use examples as part of your answer for assignment help

6 Describe in your own words what CAD software is and what it aims to solve.

7 Describe in your own words what Class 1, 1a and 1b buildings are as described in the NCC.

8 Describe the purpose of the AS 1170 series of Standards.

9 Describe what Building Information Modelling (BIM) is and what it is used for, including the 4 steps of the BIM process.

10 Define the following terminology used in building and construction:

11 Describe the following building and construction methods:

a. Foundations
b. Rendering

12 What are the safety and environmental considerations when producing drawings?


Answer 1:

The presentation drawings are the drawings that show the sketch of the building. These drawings are prepared to show to the client before the design process of the building plan so that the client can get an idea of the project and the building elevation. That helps to get the client's feedback before working on the drafting part. Presentation drawing present the project in front of the client,

Answer 2:

Isometric drawings are drawings that represent the isometric projection of the project. This projection is used to represent the three-dimensional design on the two-dimensional plane. These drawings are developed for presentation purposes. Isometric drawings are used to impress clients and present them with the finished product with two-dimensional elevation before starting the real drafting.

Answer 3:

Orthographic drawings are the graphical representation of a component on a two- dimensional plane from different view angles. When a product is designed to represent the visibility of the product from different angles it is important to draw the projection of the product from a different plane. Generally, the orthographic projection covers the three important views of the product including the front view, side view, and top view. All these projection views are developed to represent the different components of the project. The purpose of these drawings is to represent the different view angles of the project.

Answer 4:

Perspective drawing is a technique that is used to represent the depth and height of a drawing on paper. With the help of the depth and height illusion on the paper with the help of the perspective drawing the three-dimensional effect is represented for the building.

Answer 5:

a. sheet layout: Sheet layout is a rectangular area that represents the boundaries of the completed drawing it consists of all the required elements of the drawing including the title block and border. The sheet layout is divided as per the requirement of the drawings in the different sections. The purpose of selecting sheet layout is that some standards are used in the development of the drawing so that when the drawing is used by any person it can be easily understood and readable.

b. title block: The title block is the section on the sheet that contains all the information related to the drawing in the form of the table. There are different elements of the title block including title, ratio, projection, and creator details.

c. line types: In engineering drawing, there are different type of lines used that represents different perspective in the drawing making. These different types of lines are used to visually represent the different properties of the drawing. For example, there are solid lines that represent the boundaries, center lines that represent the center excess of the drawing, section lines that represent the section that divides the drawing into different parts, hidden line that represents the internal sections in the drawing, etc.

d. symbols: Drawings of buildings are the visual representation of the complete building project. it involves all the required information related to the project design and drafting. Complete information related to the drawing cannot be explained on the sheet of the drawing so symbols are used that represent different meanings. In the drafting, there are different types of symbols like door, window symbols, etc.

e. dimensions and dimension lines: Dimension is the representation of the height and width of the project on the sheet. The dimensions represent numerical values that are used to draw the drawing in a particular ratio. The dimension lines are the projections of the dimensions at a distance from the drawing area. These lines help to understand the limit between the two points represented in the form of the dimension.

f. Abbreviations: Abbreviations are the short description of a particular process and a part that is represented by the help of the symbol and the code. This code and symbols are only readable by the professional that makes the drawing clear.

Answer 6:

CAD software is a tool that is used for the design and drafting process of different building components. It eliminates the human efforts of drawing and eliminates the time consume and makes the designing and drafting process easy. It is easy to use and has different functionalities to represent the component visually. CAD software aims to resolve the major issues that are faced during the design in the drafting process and follow the global standards of drafting.

Answer 7:

Class 1 1A building is a residential building that stands alone and drawings on the basis of a single dwelling for the domestic nature. Duplex terrace houses townhouses are part of the class 1a buildings. Class 1B buildings are represented as buildings that are smaller than 300 square meters of area. These types of buildings include guest houses boarding houses or hostels. Such buildings are developed for living less than 12 people in the building.

Answer 8:

In the development of the drawings, there are different standards are defined that represent the different characteristics of the drawing that should be present while following the particular standard. AS 1170 series standards represent the permanent, groundwater, liquid pressure, rainwater ponding, and the earth process actions used in the structural design action of the building.

Answer 9:

There are different types of tools and techniques used in the building designing process and the modern construction process of the buildings is represented in the building information modeling. More than the tool and the software it is an approach to be used in the building designing process. Building information modeling is used to manage the complete building development process from start to end. It provides an effective data and information sharing facility between the different operators working on a particular project. The building information modeling process is completed in the different stages that are represented below. The step of building information modeling implementation is assessment. At this stage, the complete information related to the project is collected and evaluated for the designing processes. Further the project pre-design is created that involves the basic information related to the drawing and all the information’s are represented graphically. Taking further feedback from the different sources after the heat planning process the designing and construction process is completed. This is the third stage of the project. When the construction process is completed the 4th is the maintenance from expert expertise.

Answer 10:

a. Datum: It is the form that is used for representing all the elements of the building in the same drawing. It can be in any form but all the components of the drawing will be associated with this.

b. Easement: It is a right of the land and house owners to use contained areas of land together for their enjoyment. At that point, both the owners of the land agree to use the passage.

c. Set-back: It is an area around the building that may be the smallest area of the building but used for the open space. This can be in the front, side, or the bac area of the building. As per the building areas, the setback can be of different sizes.

Answer 11:

The foundation process is the base process of creating any building or a structure. The strength of the building is defined in the form of the strength of the foundation. Once the foundation of the structure is created the further construction process is started. Different type of foundations is available that are used as per the type of the building and the load capacity. After construction, the complete project to cover the external wall from the cement or any other material like clay and sand or tiles rendering process is used. In this process, the exterior walls are covered with cement for a better finish and to protect the interior environment from the exterior environment.

Answer 12:

Safety considerations:

Keep the surface clear and wet wipe the surface before starting drawing. Use the lease dust environment for the drawing to make it clear.

Environment considerations: For the drawing, the process makes sure to evaluate the maximum environmental efficiencies. Effectively manage the water supply and storage process in the drawing.

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SITXSA002 Participate in Safe Food Handling Practices Instruction Assignment Sample

Assessment Questions

1 - Name the Acts that control the sale of food both Federally and in your state, and the name of the standards that apply to food safety in Australia.

2 - List 6 aspects that relate to your personal hygiene requirements as set out in the Food Safety Standard 3.2.2, Division 4.18?

3 - List 3 control measures that should be in place when using egg products

4 - What is the main biological hazard involved with egg products? (in 20-40 words).

5 - According to the Food Safety Standards, what must a food business do when transport food?

6 - What do the food safety standards say in relation to cooling potentially hazardous food?

7 - Consider the following if a power failure occurs in your food premises.Can food be re-frozen? If so, under what conditions?Can hot food be re-heated? If so, under what conditions

8 - What does HACCP stand for? What does it mean?

9 - What are the 7 Principles of HACCP?

10 - List 3 the objectives of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991

11 - How should meats be thawed? Explain why they must be thawed this way.

12 - What temperatures should hot and cold food be stored at when on display?

13 - Give an example of a critical control point relating to poultry or fish in.

14 - What does the term ‘high risk’ customer group mean?

15 - Why are some customer groups more susceptible to food poisoning than others? Provide a reason and examples of five high-risk customer groups.

16 - According to the ANZFS, what do the following words mean

Potentially hazardous foods

17 - List 6 types of potentially hazardous foods

18 - List 4 practices that should be followed when preparing foods to prevent contamination?

19 - Give a detailed description of the 2hr/4hr rule (include the temperature range)

20 - Does freezing meat / fish / poultry products kill the bacteria? Explain your answer.

21 - List 2 CCP (specifically time and / or temperature controls) for:

Receiving frozen goods

  • Cool storage
  • Preparing
  • Processing
  • Displaying
  • Serving
  • Packaging
  • Transporting
  • Disposal of food waste

22 - Consider the following situation:Your restaurant has a hot food self-service display that you use for wet dishes (casseroles and similar foods), hot lunches and evening meals. When food is placed in the self-service display unit, it is hot (above 60 Degrees C). However, the unit is set to hold the food at a temperature of 45 Degrees C to prevent the food from drying out

Discuss what procedures you could implement that would ensure the safety of the food.

23 - Consider the following situation:You run a café and want to serve quiches made by another food business. You want to ensure that the quiches are safe for human consumption when they are received.

Discuss what procedures you could implement that would ensure the safety of the food.

24 - What financial consequences may a business face for failing to observe food safety policies and procedures? Mention at least one direct and one indirect cost to the business.

25 - Besides financial costs, what other consequences may be incurred by failing to observe food safety procedures? Mention at least two.

26 - Describe / list the cleaning and sanitising agents / other materials you would use for the following items, and describe how and where you would store the items once cleaned.

Items Cleaning & sanitising Agents / repellents Storage

  • Cutlery
  • Stainless Steel Pot
  • Food Processors
  • Oven
  • Crockery
  • Garbage Bins
  • Floors
  • Walls
  • Pest Control

27 - What is a food safety plan? What information must be included in a food safety plan? Explain in about 120-160 words.

28 - Give two reasons why every kitchen should have a food safety plan.

29 - List 3 provisions which must be considered for food which is to be disposed due to spoilage or product faults:

30 - What are your personal hygiene requirements as set out in the Food Safety Standard 3.2.2, Division 4.18? Mention at least 8 requirements.

31 - What are your legal requirements in regards to the reporting of health and illnesses whilst working with food and beverages?

32 - Describe 2 ways to calibrate a food temperature probe

33 - Describe how to use a temperature probe.

34 - Describe how to clean a temperature probe.

35 - What is your local government's food inspection regime?

36 - What is meant by the Temperature Danger Zone?

37 - Describe the following main types of safety hazards and contamination that food premises must deal with.

  • Physical Hazards
  • Chemical Hazards
  • Biological Hazards

38 - What are the required temperature / environmental conditions for each of the following storage areas

  • Refrigerator
  • Dry Goods
  • Freezer

39 - Describe 3 safe food handling practices you use for each of the following food types

  • Dairy
  • Dried Goods
  • Eggs
  • Frozen Goods
  • Fruit and vegetables
  • Meat
  • Fish

40 - What is the difference between cleaning and sanitising?

41 - What are the six steps you should follow for proper cleaning?

42 - Describe the process you could follow to sanitise equipment such as eating and drinking utensil and food contact surfaces.

43 - Describe the following 6 methods you should use to ensure the safety of food served and sold to customers

Packaging control:

  • Protective Barriers
  • Temperature Control
  • Supervision of food displays
  • Utensil / Board control
  • Separate Serving Utensils

44 - Relating to food safety monitoring techniques, describe the following:

  • Bacterial swabs and counts
  • Checking and recording food storage
  • Chemical tests
  • Monitoring hot storage temperatures
  • 6 indicators of spoilage and contamination of perishable supplies

Assessment answers for online assignment help -

1 - The Sale of Goods Act 1923 is authorised to control sale of food both federally and at state level. Australian Safety Standard is responsible towards food safety in Australia.

2 - The different kinds of aspects that includes in personal hygiene along with grooming includes-

There has to be high standard of personal cleanliness that needs is to be maintained by staff.

There has to be specific industry cap or disposable cap that is to be used worn over hair while preparing, reheating, cooking and serving of food.

  • No hair clips or hair pin is to be worn by workers
  • Beards and moustaches are to be kept clean and trimmed.
  • Necklaces are to be worn underneath the uniform and not to be visible.
  • Long hair is to be tied up along with worn up under the cap.

3 - when using egg products includes they are always to be stored in refrigerators, they are to be in original packaging, they are to be treated as raw food and therefore is to be stored below cooked foods.

4 - There has to be daily check of perishable goods that is to be maintained. Spoiled, contaminated along with out of date items are to be discarded. Prepared or perishable items are to be discarded after each meal.

5 - In order to protect in food from transport we are to observe in certain protocols in the manner of delivering food to the consumers as quickly as possible after serving, all food items are to be covered, there has to be high level of personal hygiene that has to be maintained, food delivery staff are required to wear in uniform and clean protective clothing.

6 - There can be presence and growth of biological contaminants that could be due to incorrect storage temperature. Biological, physical along with chemical contaminants from staff, equipments along with chemicals and pests between raw along with ready to eat food. There has to be maintenance of temperature control so that products are at or below 5 degree celcius, stock is to be maintained following the first in first principles, sate and label stored products, products to stored as per manufacturer instructions.

Stock is to be rotated regularly following the first in first out principle, separate different food types including in raw, ready to eat along with cooked food, cover and contain product to maintain contamination, fridges are to be well maintained, kept in clean and sanitary conditions. Product is to be stored according to manufacturer instructions. There has to be check of temperature of fridges three times daily. Monitor use by dates when stocking when storing stock, arrange equipment repairs as required.

7 - Food can be refrozen the durability of food depends on the food that is to be maintained. It could be kept cold and 40 degree celcius and not more than 3-4 days.

Food can be reheated unless the same is at correct temperature and for correct duration of time and can be safely reheated multiple times.

8 - HACCP stand for Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point. This system had been designed towards fighting in safety standards potentially present in food. It focuses towards raw material processing, handling along with procurement, distribution along with manufacturing of product.

9 - The different principles of HACCP includes in conduct a hazard analysis, identify the critical control points, establish critical limits, monitor CCP, establish in corrective action, verification, record keeping.

10 - The objectives of Food Standard Australia New Zealand includes in protecting of public health along with safety, provision of adequate information that relates to food to enable in consumers to make informed choice along with prevention of misleading behaviour.

11 - Meats can be safely thawed in not hot water or cold water. They are to be thawed in leak proof package along with bag. It is necessary to submerge the bag in cold water changing water after 30 minutes that stays cold. It is necessary that food temperature is to be kept of meat in food spoilage temperature that range around 70-100 degree.

It could be said to be perfectly safe to cook in meat directly out of freezer that why it is preferred to cook meat, faster cooking time along with ability towards seasonings or application of marinades.

12 - Hot food is to be stored at 60 degree celcius along with cold foods is to be stored at below 6 degree celcius.

13 - Give an example of a critical control point relating to poultry or fish in 10-30 words.In case of poultry or fish it is imperative to state that it has to be maintained along with effective and hygienic oriented. There can be thermal processing along with chilling, testing of ingredients related to poultry or fish.

14 - These can be said to be those customers who are said to be engaged in certain professions and can avail in certain professions along with susceptible to food poisoning. They are more likely to be towards contracting in food poisoning along with suffering in more serious symptoms.

15 - Why are some customer groups more susceptible to food poisoning than others? Provide a reason and examples of five high-risk customer groups. It depends on various age groups who could be said to be susceptible towards food poisoning. The likely age group of old age or people having low immune system are likely to have been affected in by food poisoning. The different types of groups includes in older adults, children along with age group of children accustomed towards school age group.

16 - It could be said to be any substance in the form of physical, biological along with radiological substances or any matter whatsoever. Drinking water may reasonably be expected to have at least small amounts of contaminants.


It could be said to be something that could be said to be making something impure or unsuitable by contacting to be something unclean in nature.
Potentially hazardous foods

It could mean in any kind of food that consists in whole or in part of milk products, meat, fish or poultry products.

17 - The potentially hazardous food includes in sea food, processed pr cut fruits or vegetables, curries, dairy products cooked rice.

18 - There has to be holding of meetings to review in food safety related programme, regular checking along with compliance, organizing a third party external auditor, reviewing and follow up of problems raised.

19 - The 2 hr and 4 hr rule could be said to be tells us related to the fact as to how long hazardous foods that includes in cooked meat along with dairy products, prepared fruits along with vegetable, cooked pasta along with rice , containing eggs can be safely held at temperature in the respective zone. The total time includes in all the time that has been at room temperature for example during delivery along with preparation and transportation. The total time included can take into account room temperature along with keeping the same during delivery along with preparation along with transportation.

20 - Freezing does not really kills in bacteria but puts food into hibernation. They are said to be inactive and wakes up as food thaws. The bacterial will have the moisture that needs to be survived.

21 - In the case of proper cooling the food needs to be held at around 41 degree F. Thawing is the step that is to be capitalised upon.

Cool storage

In case of cold storage they are said to be effective towards producing in high quality meat products. They are to be properly cooked in the process.


In the case of preparation they help to get in the food to properly cooked along with maintaining in effective manner.


It includes in different processes that need to be capitalised upon with perspective to preparation of food.


Once food has been prepared same can be used during display for the different set of audience.


Serving could be said to be art that needs to be maintained effectively leading to maintaining ethics effectively.


It includes in proper and effective transition of food items into something special. It could be effective towards maintaining effectively.


Once food had been packed it needs to be transported effectively.

Disposal of food waste. In case items are left over then food waste is to be undertaken

22 - In case of keeping the food in proper condition it is necessary to keep in the food for ;later use until steam stops cover in food and put in fridge. It helps in keeping in food out of temperature danger zone as fast as possible. Large portions of food should be cooled faster and put them in stray or divide them into smaller portions.

23 - In the case of preservation of quiches it is necessary that that has to be kept in chilled in fridge along with frozen in freezer. It is important to cool down room temperature after baking and wrap in tightly in plastic wrap. It could be served warm or cold. It could be broken prior to baking after baking. It could be useful to maneouvour. It could be kept in for 3-4 days in refrigerator.

24 - There can be penalty or fine that could be imposed in the case of any form of failure to comply according to the procedures as has been prescribed and act accordingly. There can be penalty and cancellation of license in this perspective.

25 - There can be loss in the field related to less of goodwill for the company. Customer preference could be less in this perspective.

26 - Items Cleaning & sanitising Agents / repellents Storage

Cutlery, Stainless Steel Pot Food Processors Oven Crockery

Garbage Bins Floors Walls Pest Control. In the case of food related aspects it is necessary that proper and effective management needs to be carried along with relation to the course of activities. All the departments are being assignment along with the role to adjudicate in the perspectives in this regard.

27 - There has to be maintenance of high safety standards and skills that needs to be maintained with respect to food and related products. It is important that proper food is to be maintained along with keeping them along with maintenance at the same time. It is important that proper hygiene is to be maintained effectively. It is important on the part of the person concerned to have in put all the details related to number of food that had been ordered along with keeping them effectively. It is to be maintained effectively.

28 - Safety plan could be said to be eventful towards keeping in food in proper manner without any fear of damage. It helps to do things in a proper manner without any form of negligence.

29 - There can be disposal of food or spoilage of food products in case of growth of biological contaminants along with physical or chemical cross that is to be maintained. It is important to look into this matter effectively.

30 - There has to be proper cleaning of utensils to be used in food. There has to be proper hygiene of uniform that is being worn by chef. Even waiter is to be properly dressed in this event. Staff illness is to be looked after along with hand washing, clothing is to be maintained, general code of conduct is to be maintained in the process.

31 - In case of health related perspectives it is necessary that proper management is to be maintained effectively. It is important to report in to supervisor as to same and delivaretely take action as to same.

32 - Food temperature can be cooked in by the application of proper internal temperature and harmful bacteria is to be measured in the process. It could be said to be need in case of meat and poultry.

33 - It is important to stem in probe of thermometer into the thickest part of the food, it could be said to be in centre of the food even if thickness persists. In case food is liquid stir it up to make sure that food had been evenly distributed before inserting in thermometer. There has to be calibrating that needs to be maintained in the process. It means adjusting in thermometer. There has to be proper calibration that needs to be maintained in the process.

34 - It is necessary to clean in water in warm water. There has to be washing up of water and remove in residue that may be present in probe it will start in sanitizing process. There has to be sanitizing of thermometer along with alcohol. Rinse in thermometer along with air dry in thermometer.

35 - The local government regime includes in developing ideas related to the different perspectives that needs to be maintained effectively. There has to be proper and effective management that needs to be maintained in the process.

36 - There has to be proper temperature that needs to be maintained and capitalised effectively. In case temperature is above the normal zone it needs to be taken in to account.

37 - It can be due to different types of hazardous perspectives that needs to be maintained along with prevention from hazardous substances in the process.

Chemical Hazards

The chemical hazarders includes in any form of illegal substances that needs to be tackled effectively.

Biological Hazards

It includes in maintaining in different perspectives related to contamination perspectives that needs to be capitalised upon.

38 - There has to be proper refrigerator measure that needs to be maintained effectively. It should not be in minus zone.

Dry Goods

This could be bit ho0gh to around 35 degree celcius.


It could be said to be temperature that could be in ice zone.

39 - Dairy

They are to preserved at room temperature.

Dried Goods

It could be kept in normal condition


It has to be maintained at temperature that is worthy of one having to be eaten.

Frozen Goods

It could be said to be icy related that could be said to be prevalent.

Fruit and vegetables

They are to be maintained at room temperature.


It is to be maintained at temperature that is well in record and substance.


They are to be maintained at room temperature.

40 - Cleaning could be said to be meant to clean in products and services by application of water or any refined manner on the other hand sanitization includes in to keep in the product in fully sanitized manner or medicated manner.

41 - The different steps includes in pre clean, main clean, rinse, disinfection, final rinse, drying respectively.

42 - There has to be proper and effective means by which utensils along with food is to be kept in clean from hygiene manner without any form of irregularity in the process.

43 - Packaging Control:

There has to be proper packaging of foods along with related products that needs to be maintained in the process.

Protective Barriers

The protective barriers are to be maintained with respect to hygiene and safety related to food.

Temperature Control

There has to be proper temperature control that needs to be processed and kept in a refined manner.

Supervision of food displays

There has to be supervision of items that includes in effort towards maintaining in proper an d systematic record of each of the items.

Utensil /Board Control

There has to be proper management of this kind of items.

Separate Serving Utensils

All kinds of orders of foods are b being portrayed in by separate serving utensils.

44 - It helps in maintaining record and to understand in closing stock related to same.

Chemical tests

In case of any form of complaints there has to be chemical tests that needs to be carried forward in this perspective.

Monitoring hot storage temperatures

In case of preserving in certain food require in hot storage temperature that needs to be maintained.

6 indicators of spoilage and contamination of perishable supplies
In case lack of proper hygiene, safety and related activities not maintained, lack of fidelity related to packaging of products.

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BSBRES801 Initiate and Lead Applied Research Assignment Sample

Provide answers to all the questions below:-

1. Explain the following types of communication processes:

  • Circular Process
  • Two-way Process

2. Explain three (3) different types of communication methods commonly used in the workplace.

3. How do you choose the right method of communication for your organisation? Write your answer in 50-100 words.

4. Explain, in 200 words, the following types of data collection methods for assignment help -

i. Primary Data Collection Methods
ii. Secondary Data Collection Methods

5. Explain the difference between qualitative data analysis and quantitative data analysis. Write your answer in 50-100 words.

6. Identify and document any four (4) different types of technology that can be used to collect data.

7. Explain the Privacy Act and the Australian Privacy Principles guidelines (APP guidelines) applicable to secure personal information. Write your answer in 200-250 words.

8. Explain the purpose of a privacy policy in 30 words.

9. Create a list of questions that can be used in the workplace as a compliance check for privacy, storage and retrieval of data and freedom of information.

10. Explain, in 250 words, ten (10) effective presentation techniques that you can implement when presenting your research findings.

11. Explain, in 100 words, three (3) methods that can be used for reporting in a formal business environment. Give examples of some different formats that can be used to support each method.

12. What is research ethics? What are the three (3) objectives of research ethics? Write your answer in 50–100 words.

13. What are the eight (8) principles of responsible research conduct?

14. Explain the difference between Applied Research and Fundamental (Basic) Research. Write your answer in 150-200 words.

15. Give three (3) examples of quantitative tools and methods and three (3) for qualitative tools and methods. Explain their application. Write your answer in 300-350 words.


1 Answer:

Among different types of communication processes, the circular process of, communication can be termed as a complete communication that can be made in the form of a repeating cycle. Thus, it can be said that when communication is completed in the form of making a circle, it is termed the Circular communication process (Web.njit.edu 2022). This process is also termed the ongoing process. In this process, the model can be seen to be breaking the sender and receiver model where the communication is done practically. Here, each person can act as both sender and receiver and can be used as interpretation as well. In Two-way based communication, the feedback from the receiver can be seen to be sent to the sender. This helps in allowing the sender to know that the message was received accurately by the receiver. Hence, the communication is also negotiated which tends to state that the sender and receiver are listening to each other (Web.njit.edu 2022). As a result, the messages are then used to gather the information for responding further. Here, this communication process requires proper Feedback; here the process is made in the form of a reciprocal process.

Answer 2:

The most commonly used communication processes in a workplace can be differentiated into 3 main processes named, Horizontal Process, Circular Process, and Two-way Process. In the Horizontal process, the communication is seen to flow in the form of a straight line from sender to the receiver of a message (Drexel.edu 2022). Hence, it mostly lies in the shape of a horizontal line, called the Horizontal process. As a result, it is also stated as a One-way Process. The Circular process of communication is seen to be in the form of a repeating circle. Here, the messages are seen to initiate from the sender and eventually return to the sender in the form of a circle. Thus, it is also stated as the ongoing process as the message is getting repeated in form of a circle. The Two-way process contains the sender sending a message using some channels named Intermediary where the receivers of the messages are seen to make the response to the sender in the form of Feedback (Drexel.edu 2022). Thus, this communication process requires the use of proper Feedback. As a result, the process is termed to be a very effective communication process and is also called the reciprocal process.

Answer 3:

The Two-way Process can be termed as the most effective and appropriate way of the communication process as this communication process requires proper feedback, which makes it an effective communication process. Here, the process is seen to be dependent on a proper understanding of the message by both the sender and the receiver. Thus, both parties can effectively evaluate their opinions which results in increasing the overall success and effectiveness of the communication (Drexel.edu 2022).

Answer 4:

Primary data is the data that can be seen to be collected directly from the data source where any kind of existing sources is not required. Here, the data is collected first- hand for the project specifically where the data can also be used for other research. It is considered very much reliable, credible and authentic for addressing the research problem (Jotform 2022). However, primary tends to require a high cost for it to be implemented. Moreover, in many cases, it may not be feasible for collecting primary data due to its high complexity and required amount of commitment. On the other hand, Secondary data is the type of data that has been collected in the past by any other researcher or author but made accessible to others as well. These are initially primary data but tend to be expressed as secondary when used by any third party. These are very easily accessible to the researchers where these resources are shared publicly. Based on that, it can be said that the data are not tailored for meeting the concerned researcher who is researching for his/her study (Jotform 2022).

Answer 5:

There are various data analysis methods for quantitative data analysis, where raw and first-hand data is analysed into readable form. Here, Descriptive Statistics can be used for analyzing the data and patterns using Mean, Median, Mode, etc. Another effective analytical method can be Inferential Analysis (Madisha, 2022). Here, this analysis is responsible for showing the relationship among the different amounts of variables for generalizing the results and making predictions as well. On the other hand, the qualitative methods can contain the methods like Content analysis, Narrative analysis, and Discourse analysis. Here, the Content Analysis is used to analyze documented data that is present in the form of texts. Narrative analysis is used to analyse the content from a variety of sources, like interviews, surveys, etc (Madisha 2022). Lastly, the Discourse analysis is used for analyzing the live interactions that are done with the participants.

Answer 6:

The four technologies are

1. Internet Surveys are very much used technological methods for data collection due to their ability to become efficient and flexible which tends to be extremely beneficial to transportation planners.

2. Mobile phones are also a great way to record surveys as they are very much portable unlike traditional pen and paper forms of physical sources (Steergroup.com 2022).

3. CAPI or Computerised Assisted Personal Interviewing

4. CATI or Computer Assisted Telephonic Interviewing.

Answer 7:

The Australian Privacy Principles, APP and the Privacy Act 1988, Privacy Act are mainly based on factors like ethical data collection, usage and disclosure of personal information of the participants. The principles also revolve around companies or agencies' governance and their accountability (Oaic.gov.au 2022). Moreover, the integrity and correction of the personal information and the individual rights of the participants can be used for accessing their personal information. The APPs are termed to be principles-based law, where the organizations or agencies are seen to be provided with enough flexibility for tailoring their personal information regarding handling the practices for their effective business models and their respective models for diversifying the needs. These laws are mainly void of technology, which can help them adapt to changing technologies as well. However, it is important to state that interference with the privacy of the participants in the research can lead to penalties and major regulatory actions. Moreover, the APPs and their respective guidelines are seen to outline the compulsory requirements of those APPs (Oaic.gov.au 2022). The exercising functions and the powers under the Privacy Act 1988, where the APPs and their guidelines tend to apply to any agency where the Privacy Act can also be seen to cover the Australian Government agencies and companies. It can be completely deduced that an APP entity should manage personal information openly and transparently.

Answer 8:

The main purpose of the privacy policy is to further protect individuals and their organizations from data protection and their respective privacy violations (WhatIs.com 2022).

Answer 9:

Q1: Is there any way where privacy by design can be incorporated into the IT systems which are to be used for storing the data?
Q2: Is there any preparations that are to be needed in case of any data breach?
Q3: Is the PIA of Privacy Impact Assessment included and conducted as well?
Q4: Are the data assets and the processes which are to be used in the process of storing personal data identified and inventoried effectively? (Jotform 2022)
Q5: Is the collected data classified among the risks, based on High, Medium, and Low?

Answer 10:

1. Firstly, using the strategy of knowing the audience and defining the goal beforehand can be beneficial to be implemented while presenting the research findings.

2. Collaborating with others through live interacting among people with different skillsets can be used for generating innovative ways for presenting the research findings (Dandipatch.com2022).

3. Transforming the research papers into a more readable and presentable format, especially if the data collected is primary and qualitative data.

4. Embracing the findings in plain language writing can be used in avoiding ambiguity, where keeping the sentences short. Online readability tools are considered very beneficial for preparing the research findings.

5. Using the technique of Layering and Linking can be beneficial as well, where tailoring the research findings for the audience so that they can link to the findings (Dandipatch.com2022).

6. Evaluating the work before presenting can help in measuring the impact of the Knowledge Translation. Here, depending on the format that can be used for disseminating the work and the goal it is being targetted into.

7. Engaging the audience with a real-world example before presenting the findings can help the audiences to relate to the gist of the research which may make them more interactive and interested in the research findings.

8. Presenting the research findings with a pre-contextual story can make the audience glued to the presentation. As a result, incorporating this technique can lead to
a more interactive audience.

9. Incorporating various forms of presenting the research findings like using Oral Presentation, Poster Presentation, and Written Paper. This can create variety in the research findings.

10. Including recommendations with the research findings can be beneficial for making the findings more presentable and credible.

Answer 11:

1. Written Reporting: This can be considered to be the most common mode of reporting where written reporting can be kept in the form of legal records. The formats used in this reporting can be Financial statements, Tabulated Information, Accounting Ratios (Courses.lumenlearning.com 2022).

2. Graphic Reporting: Here, the reporting is done in the form of graphical presentations like Bars, Charts, and Diagrams. The graphical presentation can be the most effective medium reporting which can be used for removing dullness and confusion. The formats used in this reporting are Bar Charts, Pie Charts, Break-even charts.

3. Oral Reporting: However, this type of reporting is known to be helpful only to some extent, where this cannot be used in managerial decision-making. Here, the formats used in this reporting are Group Meetings, conversations among individuals (Courses.lumenlearning.com 2022).

Answer 12:

Research Ethics are the ethical regulations that are to be followed in research to maintain the legal aspects of the research while minimizing the harms and maximizing the benefits as well. The three main objectives of the Research Ethics are the Protection of the participants in the data collection. Research is done ethically and legally, serving the interests of the people. Consent and privacy of the participants are secured while conducting the research (Research.uq.edu.au 2022).

Answer 13:

The eight principles which are responsible to be included in the research conduct are,

  • Maintaining honesty in development, as well as reporting of the research
  • Incorporating Rigour in development, as well as reporting of the research (Research.uq.edu.au 2022)
  • Maintaining Transparency in the declaration of the interests and reporting the research methodology
  • Implementing fairness in the treatment of others involved in the study
  • Respecting the research participants, and the community involved, along with animals as well (Research.uq.edu.au 2022)
  • Recognising the value and respecting the diversity, cultural and social factors that are connecting with the study
  • Having the accountability of the development and reporting of the research
  • Promoting the research practices which are used in the research

Answer 14:

Applied Research is used to be answering specific research questions which are mainly targeted to be aimed at solving practical problems. As a result, the respective knowledge which is acquired from the applied research contains proper commercial objectives in the form of products, or services (Utep.edu, 2022). The new knowledge which is acquired tends to create new products and processes, which often lead to new fundamental questions.

Fundamental Research is used for answering the initial question and the way those things are seen to work. As a result, the fundamental knowledge is used by credible and applied scientists where significant improvements are made on the existing products and processes. Here, the basic researchers tend to take advantage of the technologies which are improved for answering the new raised fundamental question (Utep.edu, 2022). These are seen to be an important cycle for advancement.

Answer 15:

Methods in using quantitative methods can contain methods based on primary and secondary research. Among the primary tools, Survey Research can be used for asking multiple survey questions, where collecting data from a variety of participants can be used for producing numerical results. The application of this method can contain the use of particular target audience groups where a sample of respondents should have selected members randomly. Another method can be Comparative Research in the form of Questionnaires that can be used by the researchers for concluding the cause-effect equation among two or more variables. The application of the research is to be conducted irrespective of the type of relationship that can be seen to exist among the variables derived in the research study (Skillsyouneed.com 2022). The third method can be Close EndedInterviews, where the comparison among two factors in the study is considered to be derived through opinions generated from participants. Based on this, it can be conducted for establishing the relationship among the entities. The application of this method can be carried out for giving value to the opinions of the participants maintained in the research. On the other hand, the qualitative methods can also contain some methods, that involves words or language, where Focus Groups can include multiple participants discussing an issue. Focus Groups can be best defined in the form of a small group of selected participants who contribute to the opening discussion for research. As a result, hosting organizations can be used for selecting the participants for representing the larger amount of population. Open-Ended Interviews can be a way of gathering information from the people (Skillsyouneed.com 2022). Here, the interview is considered open-ended as the questions can be scripted. The interviews can be used for gathering factual data on such participants. Case Studies can be used in the form of a research approach that can be used for generating an in-depth understanding regarding a complex issue using the form of real-life context.

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BSBHRM525 Manage Recruitment and Onboarding Assignment Sample

You must answer every question for assignment help and provide enough information to demonstrate sufficient understanding of what has been asked to achieve competency.

1 - Prepare definitions for the following recruitment, selection and induction terminology.

Behavioural interviewing
Contract of employment
HR specialist
Job offer
Legal requirements (in HR)
Organisational policies
Organisational procedures
Person specification
Position description

1 Answer

a. An applicant is an individual who has requested for an employment position in a company or business while going through numerous hiring processes that have been demarcated by the employer.

b. It is a technique of job interview where the applicant or candidate is questioned about their experiences, performances, and behaviour in previous employment or service so that their merit for the given position could be determined. This method of interview is based on an objective set of facts on which the employment decisions are paralleled when compared to other interview techniques.

c. An interviewer can be termed biased when the opinions or the expectations of the interviewer directly intervene with the judgment of the interviewee. A bias can result in an interviewer liking or disliking an interviewee unconsciously or consciously due to some preconceived or interim notions.

d. Contract of employment is defined as a signed formal agreement between the employer and employee regarding the wage, responsibilities, obligations, and rights of the employee within the workplace.

e. Human Resource Information System (HRIS) is a software application that helps in managing, maintaining, and processing various information and data regarding Human resources like employee data, organizational policies, and goals or procedures.

f. An HR (Human Resource) specialist is an employee responsible for the supervision and control of all HR-related functions and tasks in an organization like setting up organizational policies, formulating benefits and compensation packages for employees, maintaining employee data, and a healthy workplace setting.

g. It is the practice of welcoming recently recruited employees so that they can settle into their given job positions while adjusting to the new role offered in a new organization.

h. It is the official document of employment offer provided by the employer to a selected interviewee including all terms and conditions of the organization they need to agree to include wages before they are hired.

i. The legal requirements are a form of compliance with the national or international legal framework regarding employment that the employee and employer need to abide by.

j. Organisational policies are the values, laws, and strategic objectives which guide the development of organizational procedures.

k. The organizational procedures help to develop guidelines for decision-making processes within the organization to create a roadmap for everyday operations to be carried out.

l. Person specifications are a set of benchmarks of desirable traits and skills that the interviewee or the candidate applying for a specific job position needs to fulfill.

m. It is the depiction of the various skills, abilities, knowledge, traits, or characteristics essential for an employee to execute the crucial job functions for a specific position within the organization.

n. It is the period for which new employee is allowed to prove fit for the position they have been offered before they are made permanent.

o. It is the course of recognizing, luring, interviewing, choosing, appointment, and on boarding employees in an organization.

p. It is the process of isolating the perfect candidate from a pool of job applicants with the same qualifications but having better competencies and skills than the other candidates suitable for the job position.

2 - What are the key elements of our workplace relations framework covered in the Fair Work Act 2009? List a minimum of FIVE (5) elements from the Act.
The Fair Work Act 2009 was introduced for the fortification of a person’s workplace rights, their right to participate in business undertakings, and the right to be free from illegitimate discrimination. The five key elements of workplace relations are:

• To create a system of enterprise-level collective bargaining fortified through bargaining guidelines and duties prevailing business action.
• Acts as Safety net for conditions and positions of employment.
• Security from illegitimate or unfair dissolution of employment
• Security of rights in the workplace to engage in industrial activities
• Security from illicit discrimination at work place

B - Name TWO (2) agencies that help execute the Fair Work Act 2009 and briefly explain each role.

Fair Work Commission – it is the national workplace relations tribunal which is an autonomous body that sets minimum wages, approves agreements or registrations for enterprises and many more.

Fair Work Ombudsman – helps the businesses, employees, contractors and the extensive community to recognize privileges and duties at the place of work and also enforces their amenability with work laws of Australia.

C - List and briefly explain each of TEN (10) minimum entitlements under Australian National Employment Standards.

The 10 minimum entitlements under the Australian National Employment Standards (NES) are:

• All full-time employees must not work more than 38 maximum weekly hours and all hours must include hours of leave or absence.

• An employee working for more than 12 months with an employer can ask for flexible work arrangements.

• Casual employees working for more than 12 months with the same employer should be offered options to convert into permanent full-time or part-time employment.

• All employees should be provided with parental leave and other entitlements.

• All employees other than casual employees should get paid annual leave.

• All employees are entitled to personal, carer's, unpaid family emergency, compassionate or domestic violence leave.

• All workers are eligible to community service or emergency services leave.

• The employee is entitled to long service leave after being employed for the same employer for more than 7 years.

• All employees are eligible to get leave on public holidays depending upon the territory or state they work in.

• All employers are mandated to provide notice before they terminate the employment of any employee and the employee is also entitled to redundancy pay only if the employer cannot show redundancy of the employee's position.

3 - What is the name of the Act that regulates how you should treat the gathering of a candidate’s personal information during the recruitment process?

The Privacy Act 1974 is responsible for regulating and controlling private or government agencies to handle personally identifiable data of employees.

4a - What is the name of the Victorian State Act that addresses discrimination in the workforce?
The Equal Opportunity Act 2010 is the Victorian state Act that protects employees and people in general from discrimination based on their traits, attributes, skills, religion or race.

4 b - Describe in a sentence the key objective of the above Act.

The Equal Opportunity Act 2010 legislation safeguards individuals from discrimination grounded on their traits in certain fields of civic life while providing them with redress if they have been discriminated against. It also aims to eradicate any form of discrimination, victimization, or sexual harassment.

5 a - What are the names of the FIVE (5) Federal Acts addressing discrimination in the workforce?

The five federal Acts which address discrimination in the workplace in Australia are:

• Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986.
• Age Discrimination Act 2004.
• Disability Discrimination Act 1992.
• Racial Discrimination Act 1975.
• Sex Discrimination Act 1984

5 b - What Federal Government authority has statutory responsibility for the Acts identified in the previous question?

The Australian Human Rights Commission has the statutory responsibility of acting against complaints of discrimination under these Federal Acts.

6 a - Describe in a sentence the purpose of employee contracts.
Employment contract helps to safeguard that both the worker and business have a transparent insight into the responsibilities and duties of both parties during the term of employment.

6 b - List any five elements included in employment contracts. Briefly describe what information you would find in each listed element.

An employment contract should include the following five elements:

• Name and details of business and worker
• Span of probationary period.
• Job title
• Date of initiation of service
• Employment standing (full-time or part-time)

7 - Why are terms and conditions of employment an important aspect of recruitment?

Terms and conditions help to specify the consequences in a given situation within the workplace and the rights, responsibilities, job speculations, and duties that the employee and the employer would hold in the workplace.

8 a - Provide THREE (3) reasons why an organisation may choose to utilise recruitment specialists during the recruitment and induction process.

• It helps to bring about clarity in the hiring process.
• It provides consistency to the recruitment process.
• It helps to improve the credibility of the organization.

8 b - List FOUR (4) examples of different types of recruitment specialists.

• Blended specialists provide employees in temporary, contract or full-time positions.
• Employee leasing helps to handle the administrative functions of recruitment.
• Direct contingency specialists where the specialists provide full services of searching to onboarding.
• Retained search recruitment specialists help in higher high-ranking executives with high compensation positions.

8 c - Outline at least THREE (3) examples of the services recruitment specialists can provide.

• They help to search or source candidates based on qualifications and job roles in the company.
• Synchronise the hiring process with the company end-to-end.
• Serving as a link between hiring managers and candidates.

9 a - What are the common recruitment and selection methods?

Some of the common recruitment methods are:

• Searching talent pool databases of companies.
• Employee referrals
• Direct promotion on career websites, social media or job panels.
• Boomerang employees or hiring past employees of the company.

9 b - What are the THREE (3) main reasons an organisation might outsource?

Three important reasons for outsourcing are:

• Saving costs of operation control.
• Improve the focus of the business on company objectives.
• To release internal resources of the company for other important positions.

9 c - Give THREE (3) examples of functions or services that are often outsourced.

• Accounting is the most outsourced function of any business to increase efficiency.
• Marketing is the second most common area of outsourcing to focus on internal functions.
• IT management is the third most outsourced service by a company.

10 - In relation to recruitment, what is the relevance and purpose of:

Psychometric testing

Skill testing

Psychometric tests help to assess the personality and cognitive ability of any candidate which helps to predict various perceptions around the candidate's competence, performance, and motivations.

Skill tests help to evaluate the abilities and skills of candidates which would be essential to perform the duties that would be allotted to them.

11 - Outline the TWO (2) main advantages of panel interviews.

Panel interview helps the candidates get a cross-functional perspective about the company and its employees.

It would help the candidate to assess whether they might be a good fit with the various team members.

12 a - Identify at least three methods used for selection of candidates.
Employees are selected from the following three methods:

• The resume sorting method uses a set of guidelines that includes attributes preferred by the company in a candidate.
• Preliminary screening is a method used to select candidates from a previously curated list.
• Assignment test methods involve testing candidates based on assignments similar to the work that they would do in the company.

12 b - Briefly describe the information collected in each method.

• Resume sorting – information is collected from job portals or boards.
• Introductory screening – it is carried out from e-mails received from candidate answers.
• Assignment test – the data is sent through e-mails to candidates and shortlisted accordingly.

13 - Explain in your own words how technology can be used effectively during the recruitment and selection process.
Technology can be used for posting job openings, tracking candidates' applications and viewing resumes. The resumes could be directly imported into software to keep them organized according to required skill levels and job positions to sort them out quickly when required.

14 - List THREE (3) ways to obtain support for policies and procedures from senior managers.

To survey the needs of the senior managers involved
• To display the budgetary requirements for the policies and procedures
• To provide the upper management with the upper hand in making choices for the decisions.

15 - Explain how you can check whether or not induction processes are being followed across the organisation.

The speed at which a new employee can become comfortable in their new job positions, the better the induction process of the company. This can be verified by collecting feedback from the new employees.

16 - Explain the reason why it is important to gather feedback and improve induction policies and procedures.

Collection of feedback from new employees regarding the induction policies and procedures would help to uncover if any gaps are found within the process of orientation or if any specific needs of the new employees could be identified. Realising about these induction guidelines and system concerns as early as possible would support improved first impressions and smoothen out any concerns initially that the employees might have to face in the future.

17 - What are the minimum requirements for the provision of documents and induction processes for a new employee?

The minimum necessities for the provision of documents for a new employee are:

• The personal details of the worker's address and emergency contacts
• The Tax file number
• Visa and other work permit requirements
• Police verifications
• Superannuation forms
• Bank account information

18 - What do you need to consider whilst determining future human resource needs?

To determine future HR needs, demand forecasting has been an effective solution that helps to determine the quantity and the quality or caliber of talent required to meet the present and future ambitions of any business.

19 a - Describe how to communicate recruitment policies and procedures to relevant staff?

HR policies can be communicated to staff through:

• Meetings to communicate updates in organizational policies.
• Feedback sessions and incorporating employee opinions when required
• Integrate complex procedural changes through training.

19 b - Describe three (3) processes to provide training in the recruitment process to relevant personal?

The three types of training for the recruitment process are:

• New job training
• Transitional training
• Developmental opportunities training.

20 - Name at least three (3) processes would you use when updating organisational recruitment policies and procedures?

To update recruitment policies and procedures the following three steps are essential:

• To identify the responsibilities of the job role and update as required.
• To identify the rules of the fair practice and update them as required
• Acquire regular feedback from employees regarding their issues with policies and procedures before updating.

21 - In your role as an HR manager explain how should you advise unsuccessful candidates of outcomes and respond to queries?
As an HR manager I can advise unsuccessful candidates in the following ways:

• Could provide them with instant feedback about their mistakes so that they could amend them.
• To show gratitude for applying for the position.
• To encourage them by admiring their strengths and good attributes.
• To answer their queries promptly and courteously.

22 - How do a job description and a job specification help to ensure the most suitable person for the job is recruited?

Job description and job specification are significant portions of job analysis information. A clear job description and specification help the employees and organisations both to cope with numerous challenges:

• The job description helps to collect job-related data for attracting, recruiting, targeting or selecting the right candidate. It helps to fulfil the needs of
candidates for particular positions and also clarifies to whom the candidates would report.

Job specification helps the candidates to analyse their eligibility regarding skills and other attributes for the job. It helps the recruitment team to get a clear idea of the qualifications, characteristics and qualities that the required candidate should possess.

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BSBPMG430 Undertake Projectwork Assignment Sample

Answer every question and provide enough information for assignment help -

1) Define what a project is (in your own words).

A project is basically a set of tasks that should be followed and completed in order to a specific goal. And a project is one of the best ways for business because through projects any organization and individual achieve their organizational goals. Every project of the business helps the organization to make any desired changes which significantly follow the organized manner, And following the well-organized manner helps the organization decrease the probability of failure. The primary key feature of the project:

? The first key feature of the project is that it is temporary, it defines that all the project of the company has a finite start and finite end. Initiating any project is the starting time and during the initiating time, the concept is manifested. And the ending is the time when all the goals of the project have been met together (Haq et al., 2018).

? Unique Deliverable is also an important key character of the project. For any organization to achieve its goal they generate some deliverable(s) that can be a service, product or as one another result.

? another important key is progressive Elaboration, this key element basically uses for continuous investigation and improvement, the progress of a project and overall this helps to propagate a comprehensive and accurate plan (Haq et al., 2018).

1b) Define what project management is (in your own words).

To deliver something that is valuable for the people and which includes specific knowledge, tools, skills and various techniques, project management that have all the above features. Building construction, development of the software for the upliftment of organizational goals, the Relief effort after duster which may be natural and Expansion of business sales among the new geographic location (Kerzner, 2019). These are the main example of any project.

2) Define the following key terminology.

Budget - Revenue and expenses are the estimates of the budget and it is over a particular period of time. The budget is usually assembled and re- evaluated on the basis of the period. The estimation of revenue and expenses is primarily made for a person, a business, a government and a group of people. And it is a microeconomic concept which is made for showing the trade-off when one product is interchangeable for another.

Communication - Communication is one of the most significant parts of a well-managed project. Good communication is the main key of project management. Sharing of various ideas and creating different opinions among the professionals through communication in project management is crucial, And it is mostly important when employees are working on the same tasks (Lauren and Schreiber, 2018).

Consultation - The consultant of the project management department has provided the best expert project management advice to external organizations. Any organization can hire a project management expert when they feel a crisis of the project management expertise (Gheni, Yousif and Jusoh, 2021).

Contract - The contract of the project management is the legal agreement among the company and the consumers. Any organization can select the best suits contract for the projects and negotiate the terms. Any contract of the company tells about the amount of income and optimizes the proper income or expenses for the specific job (Rodney Turner, 2021).

Delegating - Authority Every project management company needs to achieve a high rate of productivity .

Deliverables - In project management deliverables have internal and external parts. Internal deliverables of the company basically work internally in the company and external deliverables of project management work for external members such as clients, stakeholders and customers. And they work with the goal of generating revenue (O’Connor and Koo, 2020).

Feasibility - The study of feasibility is crucial for projects which illustrate the important investment for the company. A project manager of the organization may not be accountable for driving the study of the feasibility, but it is significant to know what the studies are (Holopainen, 2022).

GANTT Chart - A Gantt chart is a type of bar chart that illustrates the progress of a project. It is named after its popularizer Henry Gantt, who developed it in the 1910s. Modern Gantt charts are a good way to visualize the dependency of different activities and the current status of a project's schedule.

Human Resources - The term HR refers to the field that oversees and manages people. It encompasses a wide range of functions, including hiring and training employees, maintaining a high employee retention rate, and supporting the personal needs of employees. Other important tasks of HR managers include assessing current business operations and developing policies and procedures.

Lead Time - Lead time is the latency between the start of a process and its completion. Lead times can range anywhere from two weeks to six months.

Legislation - Legislation is the process of enacting and promulgating a law. This is done by a governing body, such as a parliament or analogous body.

Milestones - Milestones help an individual gauge the progress and identify the goals. They can also be a powerful tool for evaluating the project. Constant delays and non-accomplishment o milestones are warning signs of inefficient planning or execution. The project server can become cluttered with content as the project progresses, but milestone plans should remain a permanent part of the project.

PERT - PERT stands for "Program Evaluation Review Technique." It is a project management technique that helps evaluate resources, time, and other assets needed for the completion of a project. This technique helps analyze data from various departments and allows the team to commit to critical tasks and avoid wasting resources on less-important activities.

PMBOK - The project management body of knowledge or PMBOK is an invaluable tool for new andcontinuing project managers. This set of standards and guidelines has been approved by the American National Standards Institute, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). PMBOK is a framework for project management that categorizes the various operations into five process groups: planning, scheduling, quality assurance, and communication. PMBOK describes the processes and responsibilities that are part of the project management life cycle.

Project Plan - Project plan can be regarded as the rough planning regarding project activities,timeline, and budget that are planed at the initiation of the project.

Project Review - A project review is a way to determine whether a project is worth continuing. It allows project teams to assess whether the results they're getting match their expectations and whether any improvements need to be made. It also provides feedback about the project's effectiveness and can help maintain the most effective project practices.

Reporting - A report is a document that presents information in an organized manner. It is usually written and designed for a particular audience and purpose. Some reports are delivered orally, but they almost always take the form of a written document Resources.

Risk Management - Risk management is an essential part of the successful management of projects. A successful risk management strategy involves identifying, analyzing and mitigating risks. These risks are often more complex than initially believed. They can result in major losses.

Scope - When planning a project, it is important to define the scope. The scope is the set of requirements for the project. It includes features, design and branding guidelines. It is vital that the stakeholders involved know exactly what they are looking for. This way, everyone can contribute to the final product.

Sign-Offs - Using sign-off sheets to document the completion of a project is essential to the success of any creative process. They allow the project manager to document the status of a project while simultaneously keeping all stakeholders up-to-date. Sign-off sheets can also serve as a record ofagreed-upon items, which is important during the collaborative process.

Timelines - Timelines are a useful way to visualize the progression of various events. They have often been used in media that recount history, as well as in online news and entertainment. Besides historical events, they are also useful for tracking the progress of an enterprise.

Transition - Transition can be regarded as a process where one person hand overed the responsibility to other and when transiting the responsibility, a person has to make the other one know about all of the key facts of the project that he/she is looking after.

SME - An SME is a small to medium-sized business. In the UK, the threshold is less than five million employees, while in the European Union, it is between two and fifty employees. While this threshold varies widely, SMEs account for a majority of firms and contribute substantially to global economic growth and job creation.

Work Breakdown Structure - Work breakdown structure is a visual method of project management, which helps a team to see all aspects of the project. A WBS is helpful for communicating project information and preparing a budget. A well-made WBS has three levels of detail and each level of detail should be assigned to an individual or team. The structure also helps to understand responsibilities and milestones for a project.

3) The PRINCE2 project management methodology has eight (8) distinctive management processes that cover all project activities from start up through to completion. Outline what each of these eight (8) areas and explain how they can contribute to a project.

Projects in controlled environments is the most common and widely practiced process in project management methodology. And on the other hand PRINCE2 project management is a method which is basically based on the approach that focuses on control and organization all over the project. The eight areas is , The customer, the user, the supplier, the project manager, The project team and team manager and the administrator.

4) “Organisational mission, vision, goals, objectives and operations project6 management is a method are all outlined in detail within a Business/Organisational Plan”. Explain in your own words how a project will be related to these important elements?

For any organization, all the above elements are very important. Organizations are required to adopt projects based on their mission and vision properly. If the projects are managed properly, an organization can get its mission and vision to be fulfilled.

5) Stephen Hartley in his book Project Management: Principles, Processes and Practice proposes a simple FOUR (4) stage Project Management Lifecycle. List each of these FOUR (4) stages in the lifecycle and explain how each stage unfolds over time as a project progress.

? Planning
? Build up
? Implementation
? Closure

6) Explain how workplace health and safety can be related to and impact upon a project.

When planning a project, it's important to consider workplace health and safety issues. This includes identifying who could be affected and how they may affect the project's overall goal. It's also a good idea to involve workers in the process. They may spot hidden hazards or have ideas about how to reduce risks.

7) Explain in your own words what a Project Sponsor is. You should also include an outline of the role they play as well as the responsibilities they have within a project.

Project sponsorship is an important role in project management. The sponsor must define the project's success criteria and ensure that the project's objectives are understood. It also should coordinate project tasks into a single source of truth. There are many ways to engage the sponsor and ensure that it is successful.

The project sponsor is an executive or senior manager who champions the project and communicates its importance to senior management and stakeholders. The sponsor's role is critical in the success of the project because he or she is responsible for securing buy-in and collaboration. This executive or director also has strategic control over the project and is responsible for ensuring its long-term sustainability. In addition, the project sponsor is responsible for ensuring that the project is properly funded and that it delivers the desired results. In a project management hierarchy, the project sponsor is above the project manager and is responsible for enabling the project to be successful. Project sponsors are responsible for approving the project, defining the scope and budget, and selecting a project manager. The project manager then manages the project's implementation and timeline (Chofreh et al. 2019).

8) Explain in your own words what a Project Champion is. You should also include an outline of the role they play as well as the responsibilities they have within a project.

The Project Champion is a key part of any project. A project champion needs to be able to lead a cross-functional team that is composed of members from all areas of the project scope. This individual must have excellent project management skills, but should not take on project management responsibilities themselves. The Project Champion needs to be aware of all of the steps of the project, including the methods used to accomplish them. He or she must be able to engage the stakeholders when a milestone is announced (Ahmed, 2019). As a Project Champion, an individual needs to have excellent communication skills, as this role involves working closely with other project members and the Project Manager. The Project Champion must also be charismatic and trustworthy. This person is responsible for promoting the project and keeping the team motivated. A Project Champion is an unfailing champion, who helps ensure the success of a project. They use their seniority in the company and years of experience to guide the project team and help ensure it meets the organization's objectives. They also provide moral support to the team, and they act as a liaison between upper management and project team members to resolve any project challenges.

9) List at least FIVE (5) specific codes of practice and /or standards and explain how they may apply to a project.

All the staff of the organization will follow safety rules, and safe practices, and contribute to safe work practices, and unsafe work conditions.

The staffs have to remember the safety rules and safe work practices with toolbox talks, practice drills and refresher training. Supervisors have the responsibility to adhere to safety rules and ensure it without exception. After the work behind the guard and protective devices have to be in place. All the staff remember about the adequate personal protective equipment on the job site.

10) Outline the key elements that would be included in a Project Plan template.

Project plans are documents that outline the steps that need to be taken to complete a specific project. The format and content of these documents may differ depending on the type of organization and the project's scope. However, they should contain certain basic elements, such as client requirements, project objectives, deliverables, and quality standards.

11) Explain what an organizational chart is and outline how it can be used to ensure the project team members understand their roles and responsibilities.

A well-designed organizational chart will help a team understand their roles and responsibilities. However, the process of creating one can be tedious and time-consuming. In the end, an effective organizational chart will help a team understand its roles and responsibilities and be more productive.

Reference List

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Technology and Management in Construction: An International Journal, 11(1), pp.1839-1852.

Armenia, S., Dangelico, R.M., Nonino, F. and Pompei, A., 2019. Sustainable project management: A conceptualization-oriented review and a
framework proposal for future studies. Sustainability, 11(9), p.2664.

Chofreh, A.G., Goni, F.A., Malik, M.N., Khan, H.H. and Klemeš, J.J., 2019. The imperative and research directions of sustainable project
management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 238, p.117810.

Gheni, A.Y., Yousif, H.A. and Jusoh, Y.Y. (2021). Online medical consultation: covid-19 system using software object-oriented approach.
Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, 10(6), pp.3471–3480. doi:10.11591/eei.v10i6.3189.

Haq, S.U., Liang, C., Gu, D., Du, J.T. and Zhao, S. (2018). Project Governance, Project Performance, and the Mediating Role of Project Quality
and Project Management Risk: An Agency Theory Perspective. Engineering Management Journal, 30(4), pp.274–292.

Holopainen, T. (2022). Feasibility of In-house vs. Outsourced Project Management in Public Facility Implementation. [online] www.theseus.fi.
Available at: https://www.theseus.fi/handle/10024/752805 [Accessed 10 Sep. 2022].

Kerzner, H. (2019). Using the Project Management Maturity Model: Strategic Planning for Project Management. [online] Google Books. John
Wiley & Sons. Available at:
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management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 36(1), p.04019035.

Larsson, J. and Larsson, L., 2020. Integration, application and importance of collaboration in sustainable project management. Sustainability,
12(2), p.585.

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Technical Communication, [online] 65(1), pp.85–106. Available at:

O’Connor, J.T. and Koo, H.J. (2020). Analyzing the Quality Problems and Defects of Design Deliverables on Building Projects. Journal of
Architectural Engineering, 26(4), p.04020034. doi:10.1061/(asce)ae.1943-5568.0000432.

Pan, Y. and Zhang, L., 2021. A BIM-data mining integrated digital twin framework for advanced project management. Automation in
Construction, 124, p.103564.

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p.875697282110618. doi:10.1177/87569728211061836.

Sanchez, F., Bonjour, E., Micaelli, J.-P. and Monticolo, D. (2020). An Approach Based on Bayesian Network for Improving Project
Management Maturity: An Application to Reduce Cost Overrun Risks in Engineering Projects. Computers in Industry, 119, p.103227.

Shakespeare.org.uk (2022). About Anne Hathaway’s Cottage. [online] Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. Available at:

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Management Journal, 50(1), pp.6-22.

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approach to a project. Procedia Computer Science, 181, pp.746-756.

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or treat with the planet. Sustainability, 12(20), p.8619

Whyte, J. (2019). How Digital Information Transforms Project Delivery Models. Project Management Journal, 50(2), pp.177–194.

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HLTINF001 Comply With Infection Prevention and Control Assignment Sample

Questions need to answer for assignment help -

1) List the steps involved in medical hand wash and pre surgical hand wash.

Steps involved in medical hand wash:

- Firstly, apply soap to wet hands with the help of fresh, cold, or warm running water.

- Rub both hands with soap and create lather and apply soap to the backs of the hands, the spaces among the fingers, and the area of the nails.

- Washing the hands thoroughly with running water that is clean.

- Use a fresh towel to dry the hands or let them air dry. Pre-surgical Hand wash:

- Everyone who enters the operating room (OR) for a particular sterile process of sterile, must conduct a conventional surgical scrub.

-  Wrist Watches, rings, and bracelets must not be worn on the hands. There must be no chips or cracks in the nail polish. The nails are always kept clean because nails carry a number of bacteria.

- There should be no open sores or breaks in the skin’s integrity on the hands, forearm, or cuticles.
During cleaning, if hands come into contact with anything, the process must be restarted from the beginning.

2. List two (2) clinical instances when hand hygiene should be performed with soap and water, rather than an alcohol based hand rub.

- To maintain basic hand hygiene the most common thing that everyone should maintain is to use soap.
-  Compared to soap and water, they improve the situation of the skin with less dryness and sensitivity.

3. List two (2) non-clinical moments for hand hygiene.

Moment 1: Prior to contacting a patient.

Here are five non-clinical moments in hand hygiene that can break the chain of infection. These moments occur before contacting a patient, after using the restroom, before eating, after coughing or sneezing into the hands, and after coming into contact with an animal. It is important for healthcare workers to practice proper hand hygiene every time they touch a patient, and to wash their hands before touching any patient.

Moment 2: Before an operation

Hand hygiene is important for the safety of patients before operation. Nonetheless, the rates of compliance are low. The importance of hand hygiene should be emphasized before all contact with patients before an operation.

4. Outline the hand care guidelines related to:

Maintaining fingernails - Maintain clean, dry fingernails. As a result, there won’t be any bacterial growth there. Finger nails that split from frequent or extended contact with water. When using harsh chemicals, put on rubber gloves with cotton lining. Maintaining nail hygiene is also very much important. Use clippers and manicure scissors that are razor-sharp. Always trim the nails straight across and obviously most importantly, gently circle the tips.

Removal of jewelry and watches - In the guidelines of hand care, the removal of wristwatches and jewelry is very important. Because any kind of jewelry or watch carries lots of germs or bacteria, which surely affects the patients.

Maintenance of intact skin - The fact that CHG formulations continue to contain the most potent main ingredient for both preliminary and long-term log decreases of microorganisms.

Hand Wash achieves a similar log decrease of microorganisms almost as effectively as CHG and also leaves hands moist.

The most effective moisture retention is any formulation that is based on alcohol. Most importantly alcohol basically has tended to dry out the skin layers called epidermis of the caregivers. It is not just about the active ingredients when it comes to the ability to rehydrate care providers' skin and decrease microorganism loads on care providers' hands.

Management of cuts and abrasions -  Use sterile gauze or non-fiber shedding material to clean the wound, and then apply an antiseptic like betadine. Savlon or Dettol can be used if they present any embedded dirt because it helps to remove the bacteria. And after waiting for five minutes, wash the wound with sterile saline solution or running water.

- Scrubbing the embedded dirt can further traumatize the area. So, scrubbing is not good for the wound.

- Apply a suitable non-stick sterile dressing over the clean and free wound.

- The applied dressing should be changed as advised by the manufacturer.

5. Explain the scope and use of the following PPE in accordance with organizational policies and Procedures

Gloves - If anyone uses gloves, firstly they have to make sure that the gloves are compatible with the exact work. Not every glove is suitable for every job, For instance, medical gloves are very useful for preventing visibility to “biological hazards” and are frequently made of synthetic materials. And it is very important to know the exact details about the process of maintaining gloves. Otherwise, it will carry bacteria. So, when gloves are provided, workers must receive training on how to put them on, take them off, use them, and lastly how to discard them. The correct tools must be available involving a handwashing station with enough water, soap, and paper towels, as well as a closed trash can for disposal.

Gown/Apron - To maintain the basic hygiene, the particular gown has been made. A small amount of research has been done on particular designs of gowns, and it has been hypothesized that gowns with tightened wrists may cause less contamination of the hands during donning. Single-use, long-sleeved and plastic designs should have over-the-head design ideas that make removal through the loop of the head, according to the HSE and MHRA.

Masks - Using the mask in a proper way is also the most important part to maintain basic hygiene. Before putting on the mask, after taking it off, be sure that the hands are properly clean with sanitizer or fresh water. And make sure that the chin, mouth, and nose organs are covered properly. Maintain such things like when removing a mask, keeping it in a plastic bag which is properly clean, and washing it properly. And always remember that through it away in the trash.

Protective glasses - Protective glass is another important part for reducing contamination. During the covid-19 period it is actually mandatory to wear. The protective glass is another important piece of equipment for employees who are working in the medical sector. And every person who is using the protective glass should maintain the proper process of wearing the glasses. Putting the glass on or taking it off, always make sure that the hands are properly clean with fresh water.

6. Explain the roles of an EN in managing blood or body fluid spills in accordance with organisational policies and procedures. (Consider including care after body fluid exposure, spills removal, signage) Only employees who have undergone the necessary training should handle spills of blood and bodily fluids (Smoot, 2021). All the employees who have the responsibility for handling the blood and fluid they have must follow the below details:

- While on duty, apply a waterproof dressing to any lesions or cuts.

- While handling bodily fluids and blood, put on disposals, non-sterile protective gloves, and a single-use plastic apron.

- Expected disclosure of bodily fluid or blood.

- The personnel of the laboratory must wear protective gloves when handling any other risk sample or any blood.

7. Outline the procedures for disposal of the following two contaminated wastes

Disposing of sharps - Sharps, which are objects and devices with sharp edges, pose a significant health risk. These items should be disposed of properly to avoid exposing the general public to them. Many state and local laws govern the proper disposal of sharps to protect the public and waste handlers from physical and contamination risks. The guidelines for disposing of these waste items include the separation of sharps by type of contamination, as well as specific packaging and container requirements.

8. Your patient has been diagnosed with H1N1 influenza virus. List the additional precautions you implement as an EN to prevent the transmission of infection. Explain your rationale.

Infection control measures are critical for preventing the spread of H1N1 influenza. Standard precautions are guidelines that healthcare organizations should follow to prevent the spread of infections, regardless of the type of patients or healthcare setting. These precautions assume that everyone is potentially infected with, or colonized with, a pathogen, including the influenza virus (Hirotsu et.al., 2020). Precautions for infection prevention and control include washing hands frequently, covering the nose and mouth with tissues, and ensuring that patients are isolated. When not in isolation, infectious patients should wear a surgical mask. Entrances to a patient's room should be clearly marked with signs instructing staff to wash hands and to don a surgical mask when entering. The signs should also emphasize the importance of hand and respiratory hygiene.

9. List four (4) hazards in a hospital work environment including the infection hazard. For each of them, list the level of risk and appropriate control measures (Consider the hierarchy of control).

- Controls of Engineering
- Elimination
- Replacement
- Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
- Administrative controls.

10) Explain briefly the concept of chain of infection with two (2) examples.

Infection Disease: Different types of microorganisms can be the reason of diseases like fungus, viruses, bacteria, and parasites. The organism's invasiveness, virulence, and pathogenicity can actually be the reason behind infection.

RESERVOIR: In this place, microorganisms reproduce, reside, and thrive, in human feces, food, elevator buttons, respiratory secretions, and toilet seat.
Portal Of Exit: Reservoir is left in this place by microorganisms, like the urinary tract, respiratory tract, blood, or another fluid and intestinal tract.
Mode of Transmission: The process where an organism spread from one carrier to the other, either directly or indirectly, through the use of a carrier intermediary, like medical equipment.

Portal of Entry: A cavity in the body or wound that allows an infectious disease to enter, like open wounds, mucous membranes, or any inserted tubes.
Susceptible Host: The individual who is susceptible to contracting the illness. A person is more susceptible to illness due to a number of factors, which actually include many things such as diabetes, impair immunity, and asthma.

Example: Reservoirs include things like, people who have syphilis or flu, and a dog who has rabies.

11) List four (4) factors that may increase an individual’s risk of acquisition or susceptibility to infection and explain why.

Neutropenia: The most frequent factor that puts cancer patients at risk for infection is neutropenia. Patients with acute leukemia have undergone the most extensive research on the connection between infection and neutropenia.

Dysfunction of cellular Immune: Cell-mediated resistance refers to all components of the immune reaction that are controlled by lymphocytes T.

The Dysfunction of Humoral Immune: Humoral immunity refers to the immune reaction that is arbitrated by antibodies, that are immunoglobulins with conditional particularity for antigens of microbial.

Bone marrow transplantation: The most common risk in bone marrow transplantation is infection. Patients are at risk for bacterial infections during the initial phase of neutropenia.

12) What are reusable medical devices and why are they reprocessed? Then explain the processes for reprocessing reusable equipment to prevent skin and mucous membrane exposures.

Reprocessing reusable medical devices is a process used to make them safe for future use. Manufacturers of these devices must submit data about the effectiveness of reprocessing methods and instructions to the FDA. In some cases, reprocessing methods involve the use of chemical products, such as surfactants and enzymes, or high alkalines. When choosing a reprocessing method, manufacturers must consider how the device will be cleaned. Ultrasonic cleaning is not recommended, as it can damage the device.

A reprocessing program is an important part of the medical device disposal process. It allows healthcare facilities to ensure the safety of staff and patients by following regulations and industry standards. Proper reprocessing can eliminate skin and mucous exposures and ensure that instruments are sterilized for reuse. A reprocessing program should also include regular audits of reprocessing staff.Reprocessing reusable medical devices involves cleaning, disinfecting, and sterilizing the reusable device. The CDC recommends sterilization and disinfection as the primary steps to ensure that medical devices do not transmit harmful pathogens. In addition to ensuring the safety of patients, reprocessing medical devices can save hospital staff time and money.While the risk of infection from improperly reprocessed medical devices is low, the risk of outbreaks is a continuing concern. Often, infection outbreaks are not reported to the FDA or recognized as the cause. This makes it difficult to estimate the number of HAIs that are directly linked to inadequate reprocessing.

13) Explain the following:

A. Explain the difference between harmless microorganisms and pathogens.

Microorganisms that are not pathogenic are known as harmless microorganisms. In general, these organisms are found in every environment and do not cause disease. However, they can become pathogens if they are exposed to a compromised immune system. A common example of a pathogen is Staphylococcus aureus, which is part of the normal flora of human skin.On the other hand, Pathogens are microorganisms that are capable of infecting humans, domestic animals and crops. They can be a huge source of economic loss and can even cause mass migrations.

B) Explain the difference between colonisation, infection and disease.

Colonization is the presence of pathogenic microorganisms on the surface of a host. This colonization may occur on the skin, intestines, airway, or a combination of these areas. In contrast to colonization, infection is the invasion of tissues by a disease-causing organism. Infection is a process characterized by a complex interaction between the pathogen and the host's defenses. On the other hand, an infection is a condition caused by microorganisms. Different types of infections cause different effects on the body. Infections can be life- threatening or not. Fortunately, our bodies have a powerful immune system that can help us fight off infectious agents. However, in some cases, pathogens overwhelm the immune system and cause an infection and Disease is an abnormal condition affecting the structure or function of an organism. It does not immediately result from an external injury and is often associated with specific symptoms. The symptoms associated with a disease can range from pain to organ dysfunction.

14) As an enrolled nurse, discuss three areas of your responsibility in relation to infection prevention and control in the work environment.

The three areas of my responsibilities in relation to infection prevention and control in the work environment are elaborated below,

Hand hygiene

Hand hygiene is a vital practice that helps to reduce the risk of cross-transmission of infections. A recent WHO global initiative to promote patient safety focuses on the implementation of a simple, low-cost hand hygiene program. The goal is to reduce the incidence of HCAIs, which are serious conditions that can lead to death or long-term disability.

Hand hygiene involves washing hands regularly. This process helps to reduce the number of microorganisms on the hands, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and transient flora. Hand hygiene should also include using alcohol-based hand rubs to disinfect hands.
The role of hand hygiene in infection prevention is particularly important in critical care settings. In this setting, health care workers' hands are likely to be colonized with pathogens. These microbes can survive for up to 150 hours in the human skin. Hand carriage of resistant pathogens is associated with increased incidences of nosocomial infections.

Precautions to prevent infection in the care of patients

Standard precautions are an essential part of infection prevention and control in the healthcare industry. These include good hand hygiene, personal protective equipment, appropriate handling of sharps, and cleaning. These precautions should be taken with any patient, regardless of age, gender, or medical condition, and are the first line of defense against the transmission of infectious agents.

Standard precautions are based on a risk assessment and use common sense practices to limit the risk of infection. These precautions are designed to protect both health care workers and patients from disease and prevent infection from spreading from one patient to another. Often, these precautions will be combined with other practices.

Educating patients is an important part of infection prevention. They should be educated about how to properly care for wounds and should feel comfortable asking questions of their healthcare providers. Infection-related infections can occur in any healthcare setting, so it is critical to provide information to patients.

Infection Control Measures

Infection control is an important component of the health care process, and nurses have a responsibility to implement the necessary procedures to prevent transmission of infectious diseases. Infection preventionists (IPCs) develop plans to control and prevent the spread of infections and often serve as coordinators for an organization's IPC program. They work with healthcare facilities to reduce infection rates and help improve patient care by promoting best practices and enforcing infection control policies and procedures. They also study pathogens and work with scientists to develop new treatments. One of the most important aspects of infection control nurses is the ability to communicate effectively with patients, medical staff, and families. They must be able to explain medical procedures and how to avoid getting infected with diseases. They also must be able to provide education about infection control and patient safety.

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CPCCBL3005 Lay Masonry Walls and Corners Assignment Sample

1. Provide a brief overview of the nature for assignment help of the construction industry and its contribution to Australia’s economy.

Answer While the nature of construction has changed considerably over the past decade, the industry continues to grow and contribute to the Australian economy. The bulk of non-residential construction activity is now devoted to schools, hospitals, offices, and warehouses. The rapid growth in e-commerce and the rise in data centers have boosted demand for warehouses and offices (?wierczek et.al., 2018). In 2019, the commercial building sector was forecast to reach its peak, but the coronavirus pandemic could have negatively impacted activity.

The construction industry is an important sector in Australia, employing over a million people and contributing about eight percent of the nation's GDP. However, the industry is historically slow to innovate. Its fragmented structure and risk aversion make it difficult to identify innovative ideas. However, open innovation has the potential to boost innovation in the industry, allowing for collaboration among universities and public and private organizations. The construction industry is a critical pillar in the Australian economy, providing workplaces, housing, and infrastructure for people to live and work in. The industry also plays a major role in the economy, influencing demand and supply in different ways. It is closely linked to the manufacturing, wholesale, and retail trade sectors, as well as finance. The construction industry is also closely linked to the real estate and engineering industries.

2. What are the 3 main sectors in the construction industry

Answer Heavy Civil

The heavy civil sector of the construction industry focuses on building infrastructure. These projects require high skill sets and knowledge to build efficiently (Ahmed & Arocho, 2021). The public depends on these projects and their successful completion. Contractors in the heavy civil sector must ensure that they can meet deadlines and keep costs low.

? Commercial

The commercial construction sector includes buildings that are not used for homes. Some examples of commercial buildings include office buildings, apartment buildings, hotels, arenas, and retail stores. Commercial buildings may also be partially or fully enclosed. These buildings may be owned by a variety of different owners (Nguyen et.al., 2021).

? Industrial

The Industrial Building Construction industry's performance is closely tied to a number of economic factors. These include the pace of economic growth, the cost of financing, and technological advancements (Nguyen et.al., 2021)..

3. Describe the role of each of the below trades.


Electrician-Electricians play a very important role in the construction industry. They are required to understand the various parts of electrical systems and be able to diagnose the problem quickly. Their work varies from small to large, and they can work both in and outside a building depending on their task. This profession also requires a great deal of physical strength.

Plumber- Plumbing is a highly technical profession, requiring specialized training. It is also highly hazardous, so it is imperative to have the right qualifications. Plumbing qualifications can be obtained through an apprenticeship or a college course. Those who already have relevant experience can also apply directly to employers. Plumbers can also specialize in certain areas, including ventilation, air conditioning, and sanitation (Loosemore & Malouf, 2019). They can also progress to management positions in a company if they are part of a larger team.

Concreter- The role of the Concreter is to see and work on all the things where concrete is needed. The concrete also supervises whether the construction using the concrete has been done properly or not.

Carpenter-Carpenters are skilled in building and renovating buildings. They use various tools and techniques, read blueprints, and take continuous measurements. It is also important to have a love for what you do. Carpenters are known for their work and their dedication to their craft.

Bricklayer-The role of a bricklayer in the construction industry involves a range of skills. They are required to read and understand construction plans, use tools and equipment, and calculate measurements and building details. A bricklayer also needs to have good manual dexterity and physical stamina.

Plasterer-The role of a plasterer entails the use of molds and other materials to create ornamental plasterwork. They may also undertake dry lining, a process similar to plastering but using plasterboard instead of bricks. The demand for plasterers in the construction industry has increased substantially over the past few years, resulting in an increase in salaries. Plasterers work in an environment that is often dirty and dusty, making it difficult to breathe properly. This requires them to wear protective gear to prevent respiratory problems and protect their skin.

Roof plumber-The role of a Roof plumber involves planning, installing, and managing the drainage systems on roofs. Roof plumbers work with a variety of roofing materials, including polycarbonate, metal, and waterproof membranes. Their work can also include the installation of wall cladding. Occupational health and safety is an important aspect of this profession, and roof plumbers must be well versed in these issues to stay safe on the job. They must also be confident workers, able to make rational decisions and use their communication skills effectively.

Wall and Floor tiler-A wall and floor tiler is a skilled tradesperson who works in the construction industry. In Australia, wall and floor tilers must be registered with the Department of Industry Regulation. Applicants must also complete an apprenticeship to become qualified professionals. In some states, wall and floor tilers may be required to obtain a construction induction card (also known as a White Card) before they can work on a construction site.

Painter and decorator- A Painter and Decorator is an essential member of a construction team. They are responsible for the exterior and interior appearance of buildings and can help protect them from water damage. They are closely associated with the other construction trades. In Australia, they are a highly sought-after profession.

4. Choose one of the trades listed in the previous question, and provide the following information. Use the Job Outlook website to assist you with finding the information. Job Outlook website: www.joboutlook.gov.a



Description-Electricians in the construction industry install, assemble and test electrical systems. These systems may include power, heating, refrigeration, air conditioning, and signal communication systems. They are responsible for following blueprints and other documentation. Some construction electricians are responsible for installing cable trays and other electrical equipment in buildings.

Average Weekly Hours-The average number of hours worked by an electrician is forty hours per week. However, this number can go up during peak times. It also depends on the industry, region, and job.

Average Weekly Earnings-Electrical contractors in Australia earn an average annual income of $91,455. This figure is higher than the national average salary of $88,140. In addition, electricians are among the highest-paid trades in Australia.

How many people work in this job role in Australia-In Australia, there are approximately 45,000 people who work as electricians in the construction industry. This sector is highly fragmented, with the largest companies only accounting for three to four percent of the total market.
What is the estimated growth rate of employment in the Next 5 years-Electricians have many opportunities in this fast-growing field. A combination of increasing construction and increased demand for alternative power is driving job growth. This means that every year, nearly 10,000 new positions will open up for electricians.
What are the top 3 skills required for this role-

Ability to work well with others
Ability to communicate well
Ability to be a team player

5. Provide an example of recent innovation in the construction industry and discuss the impact or potential impact it could have on employment

Answer 3D Printing is an innovation that is transforming the construction industry. Unlike traditional construction, this new technology doesn't rely on traditional construction processes but rather relies on advanced computer software to design structures. Construction projects are becoming more automated, and construction companies are increasingly under pressure from government and client demands (Wu et.al., 2018).

The 3D printing innovation will open new opportunities and also create many job opportunities as 3D printing will require a lot of skilled people.

6. Define the below terms.


Industrial award:

Since the 1950s, one of the main duties of unions in Australia has been to obtain a state or federal award that specifies the working conditions and pay for employees in a particular position. Basically, an industrial award is a document that helps to serve the information about the agreement of employment that an employer is required to provide for an employee, as agreed upon by the employer and the union(s), and which may be enforced under the industrial relation ACT 1996. These awards deal with many matters like pay rates and the method of payment, conditions, holiday and leave of various types, working hours and times, special rates for dangerous piece work, meal breaks, loading and allowances, superannuation, and career structures (Williamson et.al., 2019). This award is registered with many types of state and federal industrial relations commissions, and the employers must keep proper pay records of the employees’, deductions, sick leave, day leave entitlements, etc. Almost 90 percent workforce in Australia is under this industrial law.

Enterprise agreement:

Enterprise agreements cover the terms and conditions of employment for the employees involved and are made among employers and employees Agreement-related disputes are handled by the fair-work commission of Australia (Oliver & Walpole, 2018). Additionally, it assesses and approves enterprise agreements. This agreement has three types of agreements reached among employees and employers collectively. Single enterprise agreements, multi-enterprise agreements, and Greenfields agreements are the three agreements which asses by the fair work commission.

Workplace agreement:

Australian workplace agreements describe an individual written agreement that has the terms and conditions of employment exist between an employer and a new or existing employee. AWAs can also be negotiated with a group of employees, but it refers that every employee should be signed the agreement. All previous employment contacts and agreements are superseded by AWAs. They resemble individual employment contracts that accept the workplace relation act which establishes the procedures that must be followed. The Australian Fair Pay and Conditions Standard was the lowest amount that an AWA had to adhere to. Effective dispute resolution procedures were not required in agreements, and any kind of content that was prohibited had not allowed. Agreements had a maximum term of five years, were promoted by the workplace authority, were operated independently and awarded, and for the duration of their existence, prohibited the industrial action related to the terms of the agreements.

7. What is the difference between a part-time worker, a full-time worker, and an independent contractor? Outline the hours of work and entitlements for each Answer Every employee of the organization should know about the difference between contract, part-time, and full-time employees and include their obligations.

Part-time workers

A part-time worker is one who is hired by a contractor to work shorter hours than that a full-time worker. they could be given the option of flexible schedules with days off scattered across the week or perhaps a predefined schedule. Part-time workers are not eligible for benefits, meaning their compensation is based solely on the number of hours they put in. Part-time employment is typically defined as employment that is 30-35 hours or fewer per week sometimes required for certain part-time employment. Part-time professionals may also work a range of hours (Cavaliere et.al., 2021).

Full-time workers

A full-time worker is regarded as an integral member of a business's workforce. A full-time worker's hours are typically set by their employer, and they are to report to a manager at work. Compared to contract workers and part-time employees, the above employees had also secured employment, which means their income is more constant.

Contractual Workers

Contract workers complete their work independently of the institution or business they collaborate with. They finish on-time tasks or are hired on a need basis. Accordingly, relying on their ongoing projects, contract workers may not always be obtainable to their company on a pay period basis. Rewards like wellness and insurance coverage are not available to the contractual workforce. In the near future, it may be financial advantages to hire contractual workers.

8. List 5 laws and/or regulations that apply to worker rights in the construction industry.

  • Fair Work Act 2009:
  • National Employee Standard
  • Work Health and Safety Standard
  • State and federal anti-discrimination laws
  • Privacy Act 1988

9. On a building site you will come across different managers and supervisors, each with their roles and responsibilities. Outline the roles and responsibilities of the positions below.

Your answer

Project Manager-As the person who oversees construction projects, the project manager plays a key role in the process. He or she must be able to set the expectations of the project, recruit the building teams, and allocate tasks and resources. In addition to managing the budget, the project manager must also be familiar with the schedule. A good construction project manager must be able to follow all the stages and plan the timeframe for the entire project. They must be able to keep the project on schedule and within budget, otherwise, so they risk spending more money than the project is worth. In addition, the project manager is responsible for setting benchmarks for evaluating the progress of a project and regulating it to meet those standards. A project manager is also responsible for coordinating resources between internal and external parties (Stanitsa et.al., 2021). In large projects, a project manager may designate team leaders to handle particular tasks or subtasks. The project manager must have the ability to create an environment that fosters cooperation and motivation.In addition to managing a project budget, a project manager must ensure that all construction workers are safe and that the finished product meets all architectural specifications.

Foremen-The role of a foreman in the construction industry is vital to the overall success of the project. He or she is responsible for managing the site and communicating with project architects and contractors. A foreman is also responsible for meeting deadlines and following safety regulations. As a foreman, you will need to have excellent communication skills and be detail-oriented. A construction foreman must have extensive knowledge of the trade and many years of experience to effectively manage a construction site. They also need to be able to work effectively with a team of workers. Other duties include monitoring the progress of the project, assigning tasks, and ensuring quality control. Foremen must also be good communicators with both the project's contractors and workers. They also need to be comfortable with change. In the construction industry, a foreman can work under a general contractor, business owner, or general manager. He or she may be in charge of training work crews. The job duties of a foreman include monitoring the progress of the project, training workers on safety equipment and tools, and keeping the entire team on schedule. The foreman may also make decisions related to supplier relationships. The role of a foreman in construction includes planning tasks weeks in advance and ensuring all aspects of the project are completed safely and efficiently.

Sub-Contractor-In the construction industry, the subcontractor plays an important role. The subbie's job is to execute the project as instructed by the main contractor. He/she often specialize in different areas, such as electrical or HVAC work. He/she must ensure the project's safety and health. The contractor is responsible for coordinating and overseeing the crew and materials used in a construction project. The contractor must also make sure the subcontractors are engaged and ready for work. The contractor is responsible for delivering quality work to the client, so it's important to make sure all parties involved are doing their part. The contractor is also responsible for maintaining safety in the workplace, including all safety equipment.

10. Following work health and safety procedures is mandatory on all job sites, and for all job tasks. List 8 safe working practices that you follow daily as part of your role.

  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Environmental Guidelines
  • Keeping Work Area Clean
  • Ladder Safety Implementation
  • Lifting precautions
  • Site training to ensure safety
  • No crowding inside the side
  • Risk Management System

11. Planning and prioritizing job worksheets and work goals during your daily tasks can assist with the completion of job tasks. Write 4 reasons why this is important.

  • Setting goals can help get people to work harder.
  • Setting goals makes sure that everyone is working toward the same goal.
  • Having goals can help everyone be responsible.
  • Setting goals can help users measure how well users did.

12. John is the site supervisor. He has come on-site and called all workers into the meeting room to discuss daily tasks. During his meeting, one of the contractors from yesterday’s shift notices that the plans have had a change to the entry and exit points that are currently used. What should John do to confirm the changes? What steps should he take to ensure everyone is informed?

When a project changes and a new plan is necessary, a site supervisor can help the project manager by attending meetings and making observations. So at first John needs to confirm the same with the project manager because as a supervisor John needs to confirm the changes and he will need an authentic person to confirm the changes, also John will need written confirmation from the project manager before making any changes.John can take several steps to convey and ensure everyone is informed,

  • Establishing a formal communication chain
  • Making sure the messages are clear, concise and timely
  • Embracing technology

13. What are your roles and responsibilities in the team you work with? How is the performance of your team monitored and encouraged to initiate continuous improvement?

The construction industry is a team-based industry where individuals with specialized skills work together to complete a project. Members of the team are responsible for using resources efficiently and effectively. They also share ideas and make decisions together. When the team works as a whole, each member's individual contribution will improve the overall project.

In construction, a team member may have several responsibilities, including reviewing the shop drawings and equipment selections. This is critical, as the wrong choice of materials can cause delays in construction. The team should also work to make sure that the work site is available. A member of the team may have to make decisions based on the situation, such as if the project is running late. When choosing a team to work with, consider the long-term relationship between all members. It is vital to make sure that everyone understands the role of everyone else on the team. If the team is working on a long-term relationship, it is important to make sure the team has similar values and communication styles. Communication must be fluid and clear. Inefficient communication causes confusion. If you are not communicating with your team members efficiently, you risk duplicated work and leaving important tasks unfinished. Having clear objectives and responsibilities for each member of the team can avoid such problems. It also ensures that everyone knows exactly what they need to do and whom to contact in case of a question or a problem.

There are several ways to monitor a team's performance in the construction industry, including key performance indicators (KPIs). These measures are vital to the performance of a construction company and should include both financial and non-financial measures. These measures can help managers gauge the overall performance of a team and identify areas for improvement.

One of the most important elements of performance management in construction is to establish a project-centric environment. Employees may work on multiple projects in a single year, and each project has a different set of goals. As a result, a rigid performance evaluation process may not be the best approach. Instead, performance management should be aligned with the pace of a construction project and workflow.

14. What is a toolbox meeting? What topics are discussed during a toolboxmeeting?

Your answer A toolbox meeting is a simple and quick way to raise awareness about health and safety. Often called "tailgate talks" or "Safety Chats," these talks are intended to supplement formal training programs and are an excellent opportunity for experienced workers to share their knowledge. They are informal meetings held in a neutral location, with minimal distractions, and they can be facilitated using props or visual aids to help illustrate the topics discussed.

One of the most important topics to discuss during toolbox meetings is safety. Most construction accidents fall into one of four categories. These are the "Construction Focus Four Hazards" and should be addressed in toolbox talks (Khoo et.al., 2019).

15. Mandy is a labourer and Roni is the site manager. Whilst Roni is managing a site delivery, Mandy interrupts to clarify a job task. Mandy speaks minimal English and
has trouble explaining what he needs, so this takes time. Roni snaps at Mandy because he is very busy with managing the site delivery. Mandy throws his hands in the air in frustration. Mandy is left feeling angry – he has not resolved his issue and felt his site manager Roni has not assisted him correctly. He asks another contractor to explain further. For the rest of the day, both workers are left frustrated and angry with each for the responses each received. Explain how you could use conflict resolution to assist both Mandy and Roni to resolve their differences.

Answer - The first thing I will do is calmly talk to both parties about the problems they had. This is more effective than venting my frustration to someone else. Make sure to set aside a certain amount of time and go to a quiet place to discuss the issues. Then, I will take the time to listen to what both the person has to say, and try to understand their perspective. This will give me an opportunity to compromise and work together. When an argument starts, the best way to resolve it is to identify common ground and highlight the key points. This will help me to understand the other person's perspective and sway their beliefs. By doing this, I can turn a destructive argument into a productive disagreement. Arguments are seeds that can grow into understanding.

16. No matter whether a meeting is formal or informal, it is important to participate. When attending a meeting, what are 3 things you should do?

Setting Goals
Create a Schedule
Follow Up

17. Your career goals are supported by professional development activities. Who is responsible for ensuring you complete these?

There are two different perceptions behind these question:

Most of the workforce believes it is employers who actually take responsibility to teach career development.
And in the other hand, most managers believe that employees must take responsibility.

18. What would you do if your supervisor felt you needed to upskill to meet the demands of your industry? When would this need be identified?
If my supervisor felt that I need to upskill to meet the demand of the Industry then I will follow the steps,

I will access the training and development resources that are available.
Listen to the podcast to upskill myself.
I will keep in touch with the mentor for valuable advice and also try to adopt the same that will fulfill all the needs.

This needs to be identified at the very initial stage as I think it will help to get more opportunities and upgrading skills is always better if I am thinking about long-term career opportunities.

19. Many materials on site can be reused and recycled. This is called environmental management and sustainable practice. List 3 types of materials that can be reused to contribute to environmental management and sustainable practice.

  • Earthen Materials can be reused in construction
  • Bricks can be reused in construction
  • Concrete can be crushed and reuse

20. Give 5 examples of work site environmental hazards.

Air quality

Work sites often face various environmental hazards that could harm workers, including chemical spills and biological contamination. While a chemical spill or biological contamination may only cause short-term discomfort, prolonged exposure can result in serious illnesses, including histoplasmosis and lung cancer.

Chemical hazards

There are several different types of chemical hazards that can occur at work sites. It is important for employers to consider the potential risks and dangers associated with each chemical. The best way to avoid exposure to toxic chemicals is to use personal protective equipment.

Falling objects

The risks of falling objects are real, and they can cause great damage to workers and even death. As a result, workplaces should have warning signs placed at all heights. Workers should also wear hard hats in areas where they may be exposed to falling objects.


There are many environmental hazards that may be present at a work site. These hazards can be either physical or chemical. Physical hazards are often overlooked but can affect the health and safety of employees.

Poor air circulation

Poor air circulation is one of the most common environmental hazards at work sites. Insufficient ventilation causes stale air, which is higher in carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide than outside air. This contaminates the air, which can affect workers' health. The solution is to improve ventilation, but the problem doesn't end there.

21. What is an environmental management plan?

An environmental management plan is a document that outlines how an organization will reduce pollution and protect the environment. It contains formal policies, procedures, and processes that explain how specific environmental objectives will be met. It also specifies who is responsible for doing what and when it needs to be done. A company's EMP can be very helpful in a number of ways, including preventing pollution, improving operations, and communicating with stakeholders (Mtuleni, 2019). Regional environmental management plans are important tools for protecting an entire region. They can help ensure effective protection of an area's marine environment and ecosystem functions. They also provide connectivity for populations. In order to be effective, regional EMPs should include mapping, rules, and thresholds that reflect the region's unique characteristics.

22. Provide 2 examples of sustainable work practices.

? Flexible and dynamic construction reduces energy use

One of the most significant green building techniques is flexible and dynamic construction. This type of construction involves the design of a building so that it can serve multiple purposes and reduce the need for re-designing later. In this way, energy and material consumption are minimized. In addition, this type of construction is cost-effective and can reduce the environmental impact of construction projects (de Jonge & Peeters, 2019).

? Source reduction reduces construction waste

Source reduction is a technique for reducing construction waste and minimizing the environmental impact of the construction process. It involves reducing waste generation by minimizing the design, manufacture, purchase, and use of products and materials. As a result, less waste will end up in landfills, which can save money and the environment. This technique can also save resources and time.

23. Identify 8 laws and/or regulations relating to environmental performance and sustainability.

  • Environment Protection (Air Quality) Policy 2016
  • Environment Protection (Movement of Controlled Waste) Policy 2014
  • Environment Protection (National Pollutant Inventory) Policy 2008
  • Environment Protection (Noise) Policy 2007
  • Environment Protection (Used Packaging Materials) Policy 2012
  • Environment Protection (Waste to Resources) Policy 2010
  • Environment Protection (Water Quality) Policy 2015
  • Environment Protection Regulations 2009

24. To whom should you report a breach of environmental work practices, on the worksite? List 2 personnel.

If I find any breach of environment work practice in my worksite then I will inform my Immediate supervisor as well as the Project Manager.

25. List down 2 techniques for determining your own skills and skills required for career opportunities.

Ranking my skills from most impactful to least impactful

Career experts say the best way to ensure success is to keep learning new skills. While there's no set formula for how to learn new skills, a few strategies can help me get ahead of the competition. First, I should identify which skills matter most. Identifying which skills are in-demand can be the difference between landing a dream job and being left out of the running altogether.

Adaptability is key to a successful career

A flexible mindset is an essential trait for a successful career. Adaptability includes the ability to constantly improve one's skills, as well as to stay on top of changes in the workplace. This includes staying on top of industry trends and new technologies. For instance, a person in finance might keep track of the latest budget and current allowances, and a team member in HR may stay current on operational processes and company policies. Adaptability also means that I can learn from my mistakes, which can be extremely valuable in my professional life.


?wierczek, L., Cie?lik, B. M., & Konieczka, P. (2018). The potential of raw sewage sludge in construction industry–a review. Journal of cleaner production, 200, 342-356.

Ahmed, S., & Arocho, I. (2021). Feasibility assessment of mass timber as a mainstream building material in the US construction industry: Level of involvement, existing challenges, and recommendations. Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction, 26(2), 04021008.

Nguyen, T. P., Nguyen, V. A., Pham, D. D., & Do, H. Q. (2021, March). Intergrating Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Tools with Green Building Certification System in Designing and Evaluating Water Efficiency of Green Building for Sustainable Buildings. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 1079, No. 3, p. 032063). IOP Publishing.

Loosemore, M., & Malouf, N. (2019). Safety training and positive safety attitude formation in the Australian construction industry. Safety science, 113, 233-243.

Wu, P., Zhao, X., Baller, J. H., & Wang, X. (2018). Developing a conceptual framework to improve the implementation of 3D printing technology in the construction industry. Architectural science review, 61(3), 133-142.

Williamson, S., Foley, M., & Cartwright, N. (2019). Women, work and industrial relations in Australia in 2018. Journal of Industrial Relations, 61(3), 342-356.

Oliver, D., & Walpole, K. (2018). Subject to qualification: Weakening links between job roles and qualifications in Australian manufacturing enterprise agreements. Journal of Industrial Relations, 60(4), 517-537.

Cavaliere, L. P. L., Chabani, Z., Rajest, S. S., Chowdhury, D. A. R., Padma, D. S., Koti, K., ... & Regin, R. (2021). The Impact of Part-Time and Full-Time Work on Employees' Efficiency the Importance of Flexible Work Arrangements. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 12(7), 9580-9613.

Stanitsas, M., Kirytopoulos, K., & Leopoulos, V. (2021). Integrating sustainability indicators into project management: The case of construction industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 279, 123774.

Khoo, B. C., Tahar, F. H., Wee, B. Y., & Sim, J. H. C. (2019). Evaluation of a laboratory safety program that integrates daily toolbox meeting to prevent laboratory exposure to high risk microorganisms. Journal of Environment and Safety, 10(2), 67-70.

Mtuleni, V. (2019). Environmental Management Plan for the Proposed Fuel Station.

de Jonge, J., & Peeters, M. C. (2019). The vital worker: Towards sustainable performance at work. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(6), 910.

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AURETR010 Repair, Wiring Harnesses Looms Assignment Sample

Provide your response to each question given below for assignment help

1.1) Where will you find the information you need when you are preparing to repair a basic wiring harness? Answer using 20 – 50 words.

Answer - The information will be found in the location of several sectors such as the aviation sectors, the manufacturing sector and many more.

1.2) Why is it important to have Workplace Health and Safety and Occupational Health and Safety procedures in the workplace for repairs of wiring harnesses and looms? Answer using 20 – 50 words.

Answer - In this aspect, workplace safety and measures are more important in order to maintain the workplace culture and management as well.

2) With regards to Workplace Health and Safety and Occupational Health and Safety, why is it important to have a procedure for using safety data sheets (SDSs)? Where do you find the SDS, and who issues the SDS? Write your answer in 80 – 120 words

Answer - Safety data sheet or SDSs helps in order to maintain and list the properties of physical
components, hazards, environmental health and many more in a significant way. It is important
because this significant aspect helps to maintain the work management and flow of the work as
well. The chemical manufacturer can issue this SDS as well.

3) What personal protection equipment do you need select and use when you are preparing ro repair harnesses and looms? List three (3)

Answer - List of three personal protection equipment

Protective headgear.
Safety glasses.

4) What are the WHS/OHS risks involved when you are using a heat gun or soldering equipment? Answer using 20 – 50 words.

Answer - In this regard, WHS refers to Workplace health safety that is reflected in the aspect of health as well as safe work practices that are needed to maintain the work culture and the physical health of the employees as well.

5) What hazardous materials and toxic substances can be present in harnesses and looms? Answer in 10 – 30 words

Answer - Picric acid, oxygen peroxide and many more hazardous materials and chemical substances are presented in the harness and loom.

6) List five (5) safe operating procedures you need to keep in mind when working with soldering equipment.

Answer -

? Hold wires to be tempered with the clamps and tweezers
? When the soldering process is not in use, it should be unplugged.
? Never touch the heated elements which are near about 400 degrees Celsius.
? Keep the workplace clean.
? Always keep the entire soldering process in an efficient way and handle it with care.

7.1) How should the hazardous materials and toxic substances that may be released during the repair processes be trapped, stored and disposed of? Write your answer in 20-50 words.

Answer - In this respect, the workplace management has to take some initiatives such as minimizing exposures, identifying the risks and challenges regarding toxic materials by using proper safety measures and using proper management and control measures as well (Kaur, Azmi and Majid, 2022). Additionally, maintaining the inventory is another significant key approach in order to
store hazardous materials.

7.2) What are the environmental requirements? Write your answer in 30-60 words.

Answer -

? Use of renewable sources.
? Use of hygienic elements and materials
? Use of non-toxic ingredients in order to maintain the environment as well.

8) Modern cars have CAN-bus wiring. What is it and what does it do? Answer in 20 – 50 words

Answer - In this present age, CAN bus wiring helps in order to maintain a precise communication between two dedicated wires. Differential signals are much more influenced by the high voltage wiring, several inductive loads and many more aspects in a significant way.

9.1) What is twisted pair wiring? Answer in 20 – 50 words

Answer - Twisted pair helps in order to maintain communication between the home as well as a business computer in the telecom industry in a precise manner.

9.2) List five (5) benefits of using it.

Answer - In this regard, there are several benefits to this Twisted pair. These are such as-

? The context of the twisted pair helps to carry both digital and analogue data as well.
? It is very easy in order to create as well as terminate.
? If there is any kind of distraction in the twisted pair, it can not harm the overall network.
? It is not so expensive in order to implement and also it maintains the transmission in a short distance.
? It can access the highest efficiency in the whole network system which is reflected in the work criteria as well.

10) What is shielded wiring and why do you use it? Answer in 20 – 50 words.

Answer - Shielded wiring is a significant process of wiring that is reflected in the protection of several pieces of equipment from the effect of an electrostatic field that is completely external to the parts as well. Basically, it has been observed that shielded wiring helps in order to maintain and protect the power as well as the data path from the effect of degradation that is also caused by the exposure of EMI during the transfer of data and power as well.

11) Explain how you access the electrical terminals on a vehicle with test probes using a method that will ensure you are not doing any damage to connectors, fuse holders and wires. Answer in 20 – 50 words.

Answer - In this aspect, there are the following steps in order to maintain the aspect of the process.

? Inspect the terminals
? If there is a compression style, it is easy to remove the terminals by unscrewing.
? If there are clip or pin style terminals, have to gently press the pin and remove the
terminals significantly.

12) List two (2) safety precautions you need to keep in mind when accessing the electrical terminal to ensure you are not damaging the connectors, fuse holders or wiring.

Answer - List of two safety precautions when accessing the electric terminals.
? Avoiding the water to access the electricity as well.
? Never using any kind of damaged or old equipment that is related to the electricity as

13) How do you perform a circuit performance check on a vehicle? List five (5) steps.

Answer - Five steps to perform the circuit check on a vehicle
Inspect the terminals of the vehicles.
Taking several safety measures to perform the work
Connect the clip of the tester with the battery’s negative terminals.
Touch the probes with the positive one.
If the lamp of the tester does not light, the battery is considered as dead.

14) How do you remove panels and covers to access wiring? What procedure do you need to use to ensure safe work practices? List seven (7) steps.

Answer - By ensuring the ground as well as floor and the panel of electric service are entirely dry.
List of 7 steps

? Handling garbage.
? Choosing effective equipment.
? Cleaning the chemical spills.
? Cleaning the biological materials.
? Ensuring safety measures.
? Conducting emergency services to maintain the workplace culture
? Working in an isolated situation.

15) How do you determine the following when conducting repairs:

15.1 Cable type, List the six (6) parameters that determine the cable size.

Answer - Cable type parameter

? Power factor.
? Current capacity
? Voltage drop
? Short circuit current
? Temperature constant
? Time

15.2) Terminal type. What are the three colours, and what gauge do they represent?

Answer - Three colours are yellow, red and blue.

15.3) The wire length according to circuit current drawn – Write the formula

Answer - By dividing the value of resistance for the whole wire by the value of resistance for the length of 1m.

15.4) The wire gauge according to current drawn - Write the formula.

Answer - Formula-
-39*log92 (R)+36

16) Explain the following repair procedures for harnesses and looms. Insert the information in the table below.

Answer - Wiring soldering

? Preparing the wires.
? Tin the wires.
? Mechanically join the wires
? Soldering the splice

Terminal crimping

? Determine the wire length
? Inserting the wire
? Pacing the crimp and wire
? Wiring the crimping tools
? Removing the crimps

Replacing male and female terminals within a connector housing

? Connector repair
? Conductor repair
? Wire repair
? Replacing terminals

Protecting and routing harness and loom
? Removing it from any jig
? Keeping the harness.
? Maintaining splitting room
? Maintaining spiral wrapping
? Implementing Cable clamping

17) List three (3) post-repair testing procedures you should conduct after you have repaired or replaced a wiring harness or loom.

Answer - List of three post-repair testing procedures

? Airbag replacements
? clipping
? torque

18) What is the procedure used for checking the full operation of all associated electrical systems? Answer in 50 – 70 words.

Answer - Procedures are such as-
Connection of several conductors.
Identification of several conductors.
Routing of all cables.
Selection of the conductors.


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AURTTA017 Carryout Vehicle Safety Inspection Assignment Sample

1)List five (5) important items of personal protective equipment (PPE) you need when conducting safety inspections on vehicles.

Question 1

The five important items of personal protective equipment needed when conducting a safety inspection on the vehicle are;
? Hand gloves
? Safety helmet
? Safety shoes
? Gowns and aprons
? Safety mask

All this personal protective equipment is very important as the vehicle has several sharp points on which the vehicle inspector can get damage. Hand gloves will allow the vehicle inspector to get rid of any cuts from the edge corners of the vehicles. As opined by Alimohammadi et al. (2018), safety shoes will protect the feet of the inspector if the vehicle starts moving and hits the feet. After that safety helmet will give safety from the head bang in the vehicle's roof or bonnet. Finally, the safety mask will keep safe from the hazardous emission of the vehicles from the tailpipe.

2)List five (5) precautions when jacking and supporting vehicle using floor jackand stands.

Question 2

When jacking and supporting the vehicles by using a floor Jack and stand, some precaution needs to be taken, and among the five main precautions are as follows;
? It is very much important not to put the body part under the vehicle supported by the Jack as it can increase the chances of personal injury.

? Before putting the vehicle on the Jack, the vehicle must stop on level, firm ground, and must set the parking brake and put the transmission into 'P' mode in automatic vehicles and reverse mode in the manual vehicle (Emeka, 2019).

? Must need to set the Jack properly in the mentioned jacking point as improperly Jack position can damage the vehicle, or it can allow the vehicle to fall from the Jack, which cause personal and vehicle damage.

? Do not raise the vehicle in the vehicle lifter when someone is already inside the vehicle.

? It is important not to use the inferior Jack as it can damage the vehicles or can cause personal injury.

3)Why do we need to use stands and not jacks when working under vehicles?

Question 3

It has been identified that the vehicle support stands are very much important to provide stability to the vehicle after it is raised by using a hydraulic or manual Jack. Most of the time, Jacks do not provide adequate stability, and it is not a perfect situation for anyone to work under a lifted car (Productsafety, 2022). When more than one person is going to work under the vehicle, therefore, it will be very much important to use the safety stands as if any mechanical or hydraulic failure takes place, then the people will be in danger. Due to these conditions, it is very much important to use the stem when working under the vehicles.

4)List five (5) precautions that should be observed when a vehicle is to be raised on a hoist?

Question 4

Five precautions that must need to be observed when the vehicle is raised on a hoist;

? It is very much important to keep the lift area free from any kinds of abstractions and grease, oil, and other debris as it can increase the chances of personal risk or injuries.

? It is important to check the inside of the vehicle and just need to ensure that no one is inside the vehicle and all the people are standing at least 6 feet away before lifting the vehicle.

? It is very much important to ensure that all the hoisting cables are strong enough to support the full load of the vehicle (Workshopequipmentstore, 2022)

? It is important to lift the load very slowly and needs to ensure that the vehicle is not swinging.

? Before hoisting the vehicle, it is also important to properly check the over it clearance and must need to close all the doors and bonnet as well as the boot.

5)List five (5) major safety related items or systems that are checked on Am vehicle undergoing a safety inspection.

Question 5

There are several things present that must need to be checked when conducting a safety inspection inside the vehicle, and these things are as follows;

? It is very much important to test the brakes and must point out any types of brake oil leakages. It is also important to check the width of the brake pad through proper measurement tools.

? It is important to check whether the seat bills are in proper working condition as it is the primary safety device to keep the driver saved and allow them to survive a road accident. It is important to check whether the seat bills are adequately locked and have a proper grip.

? It is important to examine the defrosters and heating of the vehicles to remove the Frost or a layer of fog from the windshield during the wintertime.

? Must need to check all the vehicle lights, such as headlights and tail lights, to ensure that both high and low beams are working properly

? They just need to check the depth of the tires and the tire brake pressure. It is also important to identify any cuts or breaks in the wall of the tire.

6)Why is it important that the job card and vehicle safety inspection report are completed correctly?

Question 6

The vehicle job card provides an overview of the job that needs to be done on the vehicle when it is standing in the service bay. It is important to complete the job card properly as it indicates that all the jobs have been done properly, and it will also allow us to identify that no jobs are left, and the vehicle is now on release condition. On the other hand, a vehicle safety inspection report is also very important for identifying that there are no possible hazards that can damage the vehicle when it is moving on the road. It also brings satisfaction to the vehicle owners as they are safe to drive.

7)Which source will give you the most detailed information about how a safety inspection should be conducted on a vehicle? Select one answer only

A. Any vehicle’s workshop manual
B. Any vehicle’s owner’s manual
C. Actual vehicle’s owner’s manual
D. Actual vehicle’s workshop manual
E. Textbooks

Question 7

The best way to get all the most detailed information for assignment help about the safety of the vehicles is the any vehicle’s workshop manual. As mentioned by Wang et al. (2020), vehicle safety is the key to the longevity of the vehicles, and by putting the safety of the vehicle, the driver can also rely on the functionality of the automobile. That is the reason why for the safety of the vehicles, the first and foremost manual that is required is any vehicle's workshop manual. With the help of the manual, the driver can identify all the essential perks and potential threats to the safety of the vehicle, and by doing that, the driver can mitigate all the risks to the vehicle’s safety. With the identification of the potential threats, the driver can get all the safety precautions for the vehicles for the long term.

8)A safety check is not a complete assessment of a vehicle’s compliance with the Standards for Registration which, in most cases, are the Australian Design Rules (ADR’s). Is this statement true or false?

Question 8

Yes, the statement is true for two of the major reasons that are essential for the betterment of vehicle servicing, and that is the reason why the ADR or the Australian Design rules are essential for the vehicle's safety. As per the views of Wiseman, Kariyawasam & Davey (2020), the ADR or the Australian Design Rule is the guideline for the discharge process of any kind of vehicle, and thus, getting along with the process is the most crucial part of the rules. For the safety of the vehicle, there are some steps that are needed to be taken, and that is the reason why to take all the necessary steps for the discharge of the vehicles after the initial safety check, the vehicles need to be checked for the technical requirements so that if the vehicle carries forward any of the heavier staffs that are essential for the driver.

9)What is the technician doing in the picture below? Answer in one sentence.

Question 9

In the given picture, the person is checking the health of the engine and checking all the essential parameters that are there for taking the vehicles to the assembly.
10)List three (3) methods for sourcing the specifications for the servicing of a vehicle.

Question 10

Servicing any of the vehicles is essential, and by doing that, the vehicles can be fully functional. Vehicle safety is the key to the longevity of the vehicles, and by putting the safety of the vehicle, the driver can also rely on the functionality of the automobile. That is the reason why for the safety of the vehicles, the first and foremost manual that is required is any vehicle's workshop manual. As mentioned by Kazi et al. (2018), the essentiality of the vehicle's safety and the maintenance of the vehicle is essential for the betterment of the vehicles. For the safety of the vehicle, there are some steps that are needed to be taken, and that is the reason why to take all the necessary steps for the discharge of the vehicles. The three methods of the vehicle's maintenance are- checking all the fluids, checking all the batteries, and inspecting the exhaust system. All these steps are essential for the overall safety of the vehicles, and that is the reason why these steps need to be inspected and monitored thoroughly.


Alimohammadi, I., Kanrash, F. A., Abolaghasemi, J., Afrazandeh, H., & Rahmani, K. (2018). Effect of chronic noise exposure on aggressive behavior of automotive industry workers. The international journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 9(4), 170. Retrieved on: 10 July 2022, retrieved from:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466992/

Emeka, N. (2019), 9 Safety Precautions You Should Keep While Jacking Up Your Car, Retrieved on: 10 July 2022, retrieved from:https://autojosh.com/safety-precautions-jacking-car/

Kazi, K., Bikmetov, R., Lim, C., Raja, M. Y. A., & Kelsey, A. (2018, November). Secure, resilient, and safety critical architecture of charging stations for unsupervised autonomous vehicles. In 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC), 1(2), (pp. 2777-2783). IEEE. Retrieved on: 10 July 2022, retrieved from:https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Khurram-Kazi/publication/329615638_Secure_Resilient_and_Safety_Critical_Architecture_of_Charging_Stations_for_Unsupervised_Autonomous_Vehicles/links/5c23cc50a6fdccfc706b10cd/Secure-Resilient-and-Safety-Critical-Architecture-of-Charging-Stations-for-Unsupervised-Autonomous-Vehicles.pdf

NSW government (2022). Safety checks and vehicle inspections. Retrieved on: 10 July 2022, retrieved from:https://www.nsw.gov.au/driving-boating-and-transport/vehicle-registration/renewing-vehicle-registration/safety-checks-and-vehicle-inspections
Productsafety (2022), Safety alert—Working under a vehicle, Retrieved on: 10 July 2022, retrieved from:https://www.productsafety.gov.au/system/files/Safety%20alert%E2%80%94Working%20under%20a%20vehicle.pdf

Wang, J., Zhang, L., Huang, Y., & Zhao, J. (2020). Safety of autonomous vehicles. Journal of advanced transportation, 1(1), 1-100. 2020. Retrieved on: 10 July 2022, retrieved from:https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jat/2020/8867757/

Wiseman, L., Kariyawasam, K., & Davey, L. (2020). The Mandatory Repair Scheme for Motor Vehicles 2019: Australia’s First Response to the International Right to Repair Movement?. AUSTL. BUS. L. REV., 48, 218-231. Retrieved on: 10 July 2022, retrieved from:https://research-repository.griffith.edu.au/bitstream/handle/10072/398350/Wiseman426295-Published.pdf?sequence=2

Workshopequipmentstore (2022), Operation and Safety Tips for Car Hoists and Lifts, Retrieved on: 10 July 2022, retrieved from:https://workshopequipmentstore.com.au/operation-and-safety-tips-for-car-hoists-and-lifts/#:~:text=Don't%20work%20on%20a,objects%20are%20clear%20from%20underneath.


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BSBSUS511 Develop Workplace Policy and Procedure Assignment Sample

TASK 1.1

In order to scope and develop sustainability policies and procedures for Mike’ Engineering you must first establish a set of business sustainability goals and objectives. To do this you will need to research at least two (2) other organisations’ sustainability policies and practices to give you a reference point.

A list of possible organisations to use as a benchmark that you may refer to are, listed below:

RMIT – Google Sustainability at RMIT

Glaxosmithkline1 – Google – Sustainability at GlaxoSmithKline
Monash City Council1 – Google – Monash City Council – Environmental Sustainability Roadmap
Department of Health Vic – Google – Sustainability in Healthcare Depart of health
Victorian Schools – Google – Sustainability Victorian Education Department
City of Whitehorse – Google – Sustainability City of Whitehorse
Ford Motor Company – Google – Sustainability at Ford
Coca Cola – Google – Sustainability at Coca Cola

From your research, you will now be able to create a report (300-500 words) that outlines and compares the Sustainability goals of each of the organisations you’ve selected from the above list. This will provide you with the scope required for you to establish a set of business sustainability goals and objectives for Mike’s Engineering.

TASK 1.2: Legislative requirements and considerations

Referring to the following websites, outline in 100 - 200 words what legislative requirements must be met when developing a sustainability policy.

Google – Noise Laws Victoria (Click on the Noise Tab on the left-hand side and select Industrial Noise)
Google – EPA Victoria – Guide to Environment Protection Act

TASK 1.3: Organisational Sustainability Goals/Objectives

Based on your research and outcomes from Assessment Tasks 2.1 and 2.2, you are now required to develop a set of Sustainability goals/objectives for Mike’s Engineering. As a minimum requirement, you will need to ensure that the sustainability goals/objectives incorporate/reflect and include the following elements:

• Minimising resource use
• Resource efficiency
• Reductions in toxic material and hazardous chemical use
• Employ life cycle management approaches
• Continuous improvement

TASK 1.4: Sustainability Policies and Procedures

Develop TWO (2) Sustainability Policies and ONE (1) set of Procedures for each policy, for Mike’s Engineering Pty Ltd. These policies and procedures should be based on the goals/objectives established in Assessment Task 2.3 and will form part of the report that you will make to Mike Brown.

You should consider the following elements when creating your policies and procedures.

• Why sustainability is important in the area where Mike’s Engineering Pty Ltd is located?
• The steps the company is currently taking to address sustainability
• What the major sustainability issues affecting People, Resources and the Environment are?
• What targets can Mike set to improve the sustainability compliance of his business in the following areas:

Energy and water consumption
Waste recycling
Office sustainability
Toxic material
Hazardous waste

• How can Mike involve his staff, neighbours, and suppliers in improving sustainability?

TASK 1.5: Planning Sustainability Policies and Procedures

The next phase in your project for Mike’s Engineering is to create an Implementation Plan based on the new Sustainability policies and procedures you have created in consultation with Mike Brown.

Your plan should be structured to include the following elements:

• Outline of goals/objectives and outcomes agreed upon
• Benchmark indicators for monitoring performance against objectives
• A list of the tasks/activities that will need to be undertaken to implement the plan
• Outline a realistic implementation timeline that would allow the business to:

Reduce water consumption
Reduce electricity consumption
Recycle more of the company waste
Improve recycling efficiency in the office
Address the issues of his neighbours

• Assigning of responsibilities to selected staff members (use role titles rather than individual names) for implementing the plan

• Communications strategy to create and manage awareness of the new policies

• Provide a list of records/evidence of activities that will need to be recorded

• Proposal for how Mike and his staff will review their progress during the implementation phase

Prepare your plan using Microsoft Word and your timeline using Microsoft Excel or another suitable computer software program.

TASK 1.6 : Implementing Sustainability Policies and Procedures

We have now reached the implementation stage of the new sustainability policies based on the Plan you have presented.


There are 2 components to this assessment task:

1. Draft a letter to the neighbours outlining what is going to occur over the coming 6 months.

Ensure you include:

What is happening?
Why is it happening?
What you hope to achieve?
What disruptions are likely during the process?

2. Draft a memo to staff outlining the training that will take place over the coming months. Ensure you identify the training type and participants required with a brief overview of the training session content.

TASK 1.7: Reviewing Sustainability Policies and Procedures

Presume it is now TWELVE (12) months after the implementation process. A review of the Sustainability Policies and Procedures is therefore scheduled.

There are 2 components to this assessment task:

1. Develop the following surveys.

a. A survey that is suitable for distribution to the local residents (5 Questions)

b. A survey that is directed to Mike’s Engineering employees. Ensure you include questions that assess staff attitude to, and adoption of, the new policies and

2. Using the surveys above, prepare a spreadsheet suitable for recording the feedback that can be forwarded to Management



Sustainability is an important factor for any organization at this point. Due to the increase in carbon emissions and loss of natural resources, it is important for companies to come p with proper sustainable operations and infrastructure. RMIT University is an Australian University which follows sustainability for the development of the students and the world. RMIT has adopted a few "Sustainable Development Goals” which include – no poverty, zero hunger, well-being, quality education, gender equality and many more. RMIT has adopted such goals to help not only the environment but also the people there.

The organizations support its Sustainable Development Goals through:

• Learning and Teaching – They enhance themselves with the skills which would be useful for the next generations. They also contribute to their students with knowledge and understanding of sustainability challenges and opportunities.

• Governance and Operations – The university has mandated sustainability and prioritized its use not only in the organization but also outside. The organization makes sure that there is the incorporation of the best sustainability management so that they can operate well every day. The organization also monitors and reports on all the operations and contributions made by the university.

• Research – the organization performs a high level of research to get knowledge about the processes that they need to work on.

• Leadership – They use their expertise and leadership capabilities to promote the Sustainable Development Goals within the university and drive change to achieve them.

ASSESSMENT TASK 1.2: Legislative requirements and considerations

Mike engineering needs to consider certain legislative requirements for developing a sustainable policy for the organization. The organization needs to abide by The Environment Protection Act 2017 which ensures that there would be no activities performed by the organization which would lead to any kind of harm and damage to the environment and also the people near to it.

Other considerations including the Act are as follows:

• Information on duty to notify of contaminated land – if the land is damaged or contains contamination it needs to be informed to the local authorities

• Permission activities – The organization needs to have the licenses, permits, contracts and other necessary documents to ensure safety and legal procedures

• Waste – All the waste must be classified and must be dumped without affecting any environment or its creatures.

• Environmental management – Recycling of waste and classification must be done by the organization.

Including this, the company should also ensure that they are not using any kind of harmful materials or substances used in any place. They need to have the documents as mentioned if any substances that might cause damage to the environment are being used.

ASSESSMENT TASK 1.3: Organizational Sustainability Goals/Objectives

There are certain organizational goals and objectives for assignment help which are needed to be fulfilled by Mike engineering for their sustainable operations in their business:

• Minimizing resource use – The use of harmful and dangerous resources must be minimized to save the environment and the animals living there.

• Resource efficiency – the resources bought for the project would be used completely or would be recycled for future use.

• Reductions in toxic material and hazardous chemical use – The use of materials which would harm the environment or might have a long-term impact on society should be replaced or minimized.

• Employ life cycle management approaches – Through sustainability, the employee work would be developed and enhanced. The employee would also be trained on why sustainability is important and they can use it in their lives.

• Continuous improvement – the organization would implement new things and develop itself every day.
ASSESSMENT TASK 1.4: Sustainability Policies and Procedures
The policies including there set of procedures that mike engineering would use are as follows:

• Removal of subsidies:

The company would minimize the use of toxic chemicals and products so that it would not affect the outskirts of the land and project. The company would also make sure that there are no products tested or used in the environment for testing purposes. Proper recycling and dumping spaces must be organized so that there are no issues with contamination of water or air during the project.

• Participation in Global environmental efforts:

The company would participate and help the people distribute knowledge about the sustainable development the organization is adopting. The organization would also promote sustainable development through their operations which would help in letting people know how the environment can be saved. The organizational staff including employees would participate in the cleaning of waste materials from the environment. The organization would also take into recycling resources for future operations.

ASSESSMENT TASK 1.5: Planning Sustainability Policies and Procedures

Mike engineerings would look forward to minimizing the use of toxic chemicals and products as much as possible to help the organization develop sustainable operations. The organization would look forward to training the staff who is working there and helping them to promote more sustainable procedures and operations.

To monitor the performance of the training the organization would use metrics. The organization would also analyze how much waste they are generating and try to lower or diminish them completely.

The organization to develop proper sustainable operations needs to determine the basic procedures and resources that are needed to do so. Being in Melbourne the organization needs to target the millennial class and show them how they are developing through sustainability. The organization would give the role to the senior-level management to ensure that everyone follows the policies and procedures to maintain high standards in sustainable development.

The senior managers and human resources would be responsible to set up proper training sessions for the employees of the organizations. The human resource team would keep up with the trainers and employees to determine how is everyone doing and how much improvement is being achieved through the training. The staff and other office workers would also be trained and taught about what sustainability are and what are the things they need to do to overcome the old practices.

The organization would take up promotional strategies like social media marketing and online advertising to talk about its sustainable development. The tasks like water cleaning, waste management, etc would be performed by the organization and that would promote the organizational image and its sustainable operations. It would also make people realize how the organization is providing something to the environment and trying to save it from harmful toxins and substances.

As told earlier all the operations would be recorded the senior manager would bring in resources which are less harmful and help in developing the sustainable policies insured by the firm. The legal team would make sure that all the employees and workers follow the sustainable policies and procedures in the firm.

The excel sheet to maintain how much work one is doing and from in to out including the total hours after the training. This would help in knowing if the training helping the employees to grow and are they following sustainable methods.

The above excel sheet provides information regarding the name of the employee and how much they are devoted to the training activities. This would keep track of the time they are taking and how much they are attending the training sessions.

ASSESSMENT TASK 1.6: Implementing Sustainability Policies and Procedures

1. To (neighbour name)



Subject – (course of action for the next 6 months)

The following letter has been sent to you to let you know about the recent activities that are going to be performed by our organization. Recently we are taking up a project near your house/locality and we would want to know that it is recommended that for the next 6 months we are going to change our operations and procedures. We must inform you that during the next 6 months try to help your children but not let them use skates, cycles or any kind of slippery item near the work area. We are sorry for the amount of disturbance you all had to go through due to us.

During the next 6 months these are things that we are going to do as remuneration for our deeds:

• Shifting to solar power – we are going to shift to solar power electricity for our facility so that you all do not need to go through a power outage or extreme load shedding due to our work.

• Waste management – Though everyone is aware of how oil spillage has caused accidents and for that, and already paid for the medical and repair costs. But now we are using proper waste management so that no such incidents occur anymore.

• Environmentally friendly approach – We are going to plant trees and also use less power for our product manufacturing so that you all do not need to face any kind of problems with noise or the trees which died due to our activities.
We are trying our best to shift to sustainable development for our operations and we need your cooperation in the process. We ensure that no more you would go through the same and we would help in providing better service to you.

2. Memo for training

ASSESSMENT TASK1.7: Reviewing Sustainability Policies and Procedures

1. Survey for reviewing the Sustainability Policies and Procedures for the company.
a. Q1. Did you like our new services?

• Yes
• No
• Maybe

Q2. Are you satisfied with our new sustainable operations?

• Yes
• No
• Maybe

Q3. Did you face any problems recently due to our operations?

• Yes
• No

If yes mention what ________________________________________

Q4. Which of our sustainable services did you like?

• Waste management
• Recycling
• Resource management
• Employee behaviour
• Other _________________

Q5. Are there any issues with electricity outages or overloading recently?

• Yes
• No
• Maybe

b. Survey for employees

Q. Did you learn from the sustainable training services? (Yes/no)
Q. Did the training activities affect you positively? (Yes/no)
Q. Do you feel that there is any kind of issues during the training? (Yes/no)
Q. Do the new sustainable policies help you in development? (Yes/no)
Q. Are there any other things you would like to comment on the sustainable activities? (Yes/no) (answer)
Q. Which policy did you like in the sustainable policy? (mention)
Q. Do you feel that the sustainable policy would help us in the long run? (Yes/no) (explain)
Q. Is there anything that you feel can be added to the policy? (Yes/no) (what?)
Q. Did you find any issues with the operations held? (Yes/no) (explain what?)
Q. Do you think the organization fulfils the environmental objectives? (Yes/no)(why?)



“Sustainability” RMIT University, 27 June 2022, www.rmit.edu.au/about/our-values/sustainability. Accessed 20 July 2022.
Walmsley, Emma. “Environmental sustainability” GSK , www.gsk.com/en-gb/responsibility/environmental-sustainability/

Lang, T., & Mason, P. (2018). Sustainable diet policy development: implications of multi-criteria and other approaches, 2008–2017. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 77(3), 331-346. https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/EDEF328498D1F502A6BF4F6298BF9329/S0029665117004074a.pdf/div-class-title-sustainable-diet-policy-development-implications-of-multi-criteria-and-other-approaches-2008-2017-div.pdf

Guo, Y., Jiang, J., & Li, S. (2019). A sustainable tourism policy research review. Sustainability, 11(11), 3187. https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/11/3187/pdf

Xu, Z., Chau, S. N., Chen, X., Zhang, J., Li, Y., Dietz, T., ... & Liu, J. (2020). Assessing progress towards sustainable development over space and time. Nature, 577(7788), 74-78. https://par.nsf.gov/servlets/purl/10194329


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BSBMGT515A Manage Operational Plan Assignment Sample

Working within the parameters of a business plan provided by your assessor (Fosse Commercial Contractors), you are to develop an operational plan that ensures the objectives and strategies outlined are met by work teams.

It is important that you also include details on how the plan will be implemented and monitored!

This plan will:

• Detail specific resource requirements

• Include a detailed consultation process

• Include KPI’s to measure organisational performance

• Include contingency plans at appropriate stages

• Include strategies for the recruitment / or induction or employees

• Ensure all that physical resources and services are acquired in accordance with the organisation's policies, practices and procedures

• Detail each strategy with an assigned priority, a timeframe, responsible parties and measurable performance indicators

• Students with special needs can seek assistance from Assessors depending upon the nature of the need.

• Submit this document along with your Assessment work.

Referring to an operational plan developed by another student, you are to evaluate this plan and provide a report for the board on its suitability and reliability in regards to implementation

As a minimum, your report should

• Provide an executive summary
• Identify what will work
• Identify any areas where the process will not be effective
• Offer improvement suggestions
• Offer cost-cutting opportunities that don’t affect quality or customer service
• Consider associated risks and offer mitigation solutions
• Provide final recommendations for the board



In this research work the assessment of different business scenarios for the commercial project as the company's existing business in residential projects show the company you need to discuss and show and focus their future transaction and business forecast. The business focus helps the company in various ways by understanding the business measurements and setting of budgets for the future. Before starting or entering into a new project the company has to plan the operational plan in order to cover up the inclusive manner of budgetary system setting by the management body of the company. In order to develop an operational plan for assignment help the company must consider some exceptions made for budget overrun and measurement for cover of the cost which are over run for the commercial projects. For this the company has to take a step for the time-consuming task and many other tasks and major steps in order to cover the cost and turn into a beneficiary for the company. After search assessment 1 the assessment 2 in the study includes a cost cutting method which is necessary for the company before entering into a new project with high competition in the UK segment. For this the company has to achieve the analytic data provided by the historical data of October to December 2012 for the understanding of financial position and average growth of sales, purchase, and expenses for the company. Sales forecasts help the business organization to set the budgets for new commercial projects before entering into a competitive market because the UK has the largest competition in the commercial projects in terms of population of the three different areas.

As the company wants to move into the commercial project plans, whether the company is now dealing with the residential projects for this the company has to decide the projection of future transactions and expected return of the investment.

Developing the operational plan:

In order to choose three different areas in the UK for the beneficiary of the company in terms of entering into a new project plan which stands for commercial project plans requires three different areas for the achieving of the operational goal. Due to this reason the collection of data related to the targeted 3 locations in the United States for the entering the comparative market as well as with the development of operational planning system while budgets are over run in the company has to take a step-in term of over the cost (Goworek et al. 2020). Before that, the necessary importance of choosing three different areas which have a potential population because it helps to achieve a salute target in terms of company’s operational goals setting up related to the commercial project. For this the three different areas of the UK with population such as Manchester (580000), London (9 million), and Leeds (790000) respectively.

Additionally, the company is also looking to cover the costs which are overlapping the budget for these few steps that are to be followed by the company itself:

? Time consuming task.
? Looking to outsource more efficiency.
? Find a productive freelancer for data collection and other resources.
? Must be touched with different vendors for the supply materials.
? Have the potential to ditch office buildings or compete with the other competitors.
? Pay the operational bills in advance.
? Avoid wastage of resources.
? Avoid employment time taking process and rest segmentary manner of working.

Under the time-consuming task which is also known as the detail transaction reporting system of invoicing, shipping details, material planning, production workflow, production planning, detail checking of status and costing, and real time notification factors of production (Heyes et al. 2018). It is directly related to the effective management system and managerial body which are helpful to produce time consuming tasks and bill productivity to achieve will and measurable goals by the correction of the default system or default data collection process.

A strategy of outsourcing jobs or projects or some of projects are sourcing factors help to build productivity in multiple ways. Many significant ways are open in a long run of business as well as it is also a cost consuming factor of production which is also beneficial for the company (Sweeting, 2022). Strategy of outsourcing helps to build efficiency level in daily tasks of business routine or routine tasks, as well as advertising and enrollment, recruiting, regulatory administration, and data entry also done by the outsourcing job system.

The freelancer for data entry process for the company is always helpful and beneficial in terms of recruiting in-house freelancer or full-time accounting sequence might be not concerning methods that are cost effective to production. The company has to find the best freelancer for their data entry process (Akpan et al. 2022). The company has to find freelancers from various websites that might be turned into beneficiaries for the company. The benefits of freelancer for the company helps in several ways such as the working measurement is more freedom work, it has self-management system of working, it also has location flexibility which is also helpful for data collection and avoid other managerial working system, and the financer also have the improvement of their working skills for time to time.

By building connection of different vendors have the company in supply material as well as it is also understandable various supply quality of material, pricing factors which is demanding in the current market or not, it is also help to find best deals in the competitive market and help to proper identification of demanding factor of their supply materials (Newman et al. 2020). If the company has in touch with it is beneficiary in more such as each vendor always has the internal collection to each other, due to the reason it helps the company by building network in the located areas where the commercial projects are going to be constructive and those vendors are near to their location to supply material must be collect from them. So, it is a procedure to step of them in order to reduce the commercial project building cost effective system of working.

Before involving into a new commercial project, the company has to proper identification of the competitors in the market necessary important for the data collection process of their competitors and their commercial projects as well as your budgetary system of working and other factors of production (Woodhead et al. 2018). Proper Identification of competitors help the company in order to be there target it areas target budget of which they are going to be discussing with the clients and productive visualizer the companies motive and jobs as compared to others.

In order to pay operational bills in advance directly avoid the extra interest which are calculative indirect expenses for the company. The indirect expenses are to be part of avoiding factors of production because the company has to deal with their advance bill system and adding the advance billing system into their managerial body.
The resources are crucial for the company due to the reason that these resources are collected from various sources which might be not possible second time or the cost of collecting data resources is much higher than any other supply material so that question used and maintained productive use of the resources important for the company while entering a new competitive market with new commercial projects (Tezel et al. 2018). For this the company has to avoid wastage of the resources for the benefit of the company in the long run of business.

The rest of the employees or holidays of employees in this field of commercial projects must be avoided at a higher time because the budgets set by the client and must be completed within the time taken period of time as discussed earlier.

The improvement of cost cutting methods help the business organization in several ways of achieving organizational goals and build huge revenue from the organizational business module. For this the company has to follow some organizational steps for the betterment of the cost cutting method which is also directly leading to the achieving huge profit in indirect business which might be avoidable from the organizational management system. Big Ed’s Building Ltd is entering into a new segment which are does not related to their early business segment of project residential properties on the other hand commercial properties much related to the presidential projects but dealing with this segment the client always ask for reduce the budget or achieve the construction within the budget which are already setting up from the client site as discussed with the business organization or constructive business organization (Bertram et al. 2019). In terms of overlapping the budget might cause loss for the construction site of a business organization so that they have to achieve or build commercial projects within the budget setting by the advisory level of both the client side and organization side before starting the project. For this there are some steps which are always included by the management of the organization for a saving their organizational goal which are outsourcing job system, recruiting potential employees, reducing wages always help directly or hugely add the revenue building. Hire remote workers are potential workers as well as feel answers also stand for building higher revenue for the company.

Figure 1: Forecast of sales budget indicating the cost cutting method
(Source: Self-developed)

Cost cutting method is necessary for the commercial business or building commercial projects in a competitive field of work. The first time must be from the company's managerial body to establish realistic goals for achieving manners of working. Establishing realistic goals directly leads to the reduction of expenses which is the first step towards the success of achieving goals in detail, proceeding and measuring the progress report to the managerial body (Wang et al. 2020). After that evaluation of business expenses is the identical process of business span amounts by pulling the data from different expenses during the project and analyzing factors of production. This fully directly helps the company to underline where the money is invested which also identifies the wastage of investing money or whether it comes profitable or not for the company's commercial projects. After that the next step is to get stuff to buy in which is also a reduction of cost and an essential key towards success. It helps to share expenses as benefits or reduce the wastage of resources and other materials into various terms with the organization. It importantly helps to reduce business costs for a longer period of time. The managerial body of the company must ask the employees, which is also analyzing the method of the workforce, whether each and every employee is perfectly fit and enjoying their duties or not (Georgiadou, 2019). There might be unstable factors of production that if the employees are not satisfied with their working measurement the commercial projects might be laid down by a quality working system. After identification of wasting time or resources by habituated employees must be very crucial for the organization. The renewal or renew system of working for the beneficiary of the potential employees of the company helps to increase the quality of the system within the organization. The cost cutting method also hires remote workers or freelancers for the benefit of the company as well as cost effective solutions in several ways.

Figure 2: Flowchart of cost cutting method
(Source: Georgiadou, 2019)

The remote focus must be honest and productive with their working measurement and their investment amount must be within the organizational working system because they have more hourly rate of return which is compared to full time accounting body takes higher charges from them as your working in a full-time bases but freelancer working for project costing manner or different entries of data collection or given by the management body. Adding an outsource job system helps the company in order to reduce despite or avoiding reputation or the company also has to outsource their project some of their work for quality product working or products or materials and services by serving goods and services in order to reduce the marginal cost (Babatunde et al. 2020). Wages reduction or employees often prefer wages reduction but still it is careful for the managerial body before reducing the wages or some changes in order to lower the rate of their wages firstly identification must be done by the manager body. The preference always be reducing wages but the plenty or the reducing the wages doesn't influence the cost cutting measures it is a wholesale identification and research for done by the managerial body before lower down the wages rate for the potential employees. The bundle of purchase also helps to reduce the cost cutting measurements and benefits by combining purchasing services from several factors of supply material suppliers (Hamza et al. 2022). Sometimes the commercial projects are once different suppliers and single suppliers for single projects or items but on the other hand bundle purchase helps to reduce the factor as well as reduce documentation process and getting bulb discount from the supplier.

Evaluation of new products and services cost before functionality with their additional for existing product and services as well as expanding factors of service line help to building new product or adding new service cost for the same project. In simple words the company must have an identical process to other commercial projects. If there is any kind of supply material to help the new projects, the company must go with the existing supply material which also helps in productive ways (Hwang et al. 2018). Combine staff events also have the company in various ways of factors of production which means team building activities and training programs help to improve productivity which help to avoid wastage of resources sources additionally it is also have full for the organization or beneficiary for the organization by maintaining their positive workplace and other culture activities by shifting the times of working and managerial workforce. 

Reference List

Akpan, I.J., Udoh, E.A.P. and Adebisi, B., 2022. Small business awareness and adoption of state-of-the-art technologies in emerging and developing markets, and lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 34(2), pp.123-140.

Babatunde, S.O., Ekundayo, D., Adekunle, A.O. and Bello, W., 2020. Comparative analysis of drivers to BIM adoption among AEC firms in developing countries: a case of Nigeria. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology.

Beckert, J., 2021. The firm as an engine of imagination: Organizational prospection and the making of economic futures. Organization Theory, 2(2), p.26317877211005773.

Bertram, N., Fuchs, S., Mischke, J., Palter, R., Strube, G. and Woetzel, J., 2019. Modular construction: From projects to products. McKinsey & Company: Capital Projects & Infrastructure, pp.1-34.

Georgiadou, M.C., 2019. An overview of benefits and challenges of building information modelling (BIM) adoption in UK residential projects. Construction Innovation.
Goworek, H., Oxborrow, L., Claxton, S., McLaren, A., Cooper, T. and Hill, H., 2020. Managing sustainability in the fashion business: Challenges in product development for clothing longevity in the UK. Journal of Business Research, 117, pp.629-641.

Hamza, M., Shahid, S., Bin Hainin, M.R. and Nashwan, M.S., 2022. Construction labour productivity: review of factors identified. International Journal of Construction Management, 22(3), pp.413-425.

Hastings, G., Angus, K., Eadie, D. and Hunt, K., 2020. Selling second best: how infant formula marketing works. Globalization and Health, 16(1), pp.1-12.
Heyes, G., Sharmina, M., Mendoza, J.M.F., Gallego-Schmid, A. and Azapagic, A., 2018. Developing and implementing circular economy business models in service-oriented technology companies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 177, pp.621-632.

Hwang, B.G., Shan, M. and Looi, K.Y., 2018. Key constraints and mitigation strategies for prefabricated prefinished volumetric construction. Journal of Cleaner Production, 183, pp.183-193.

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BSBSUS601 Lead Corporate Social Responsibility Assignment Sample


In the task, you had researched and presented a CSR framework and a case for implementation in an organisation.

Using the information researched and analysed in the previous task develop and propose a range of CSR strategies for effective implementation of new CSR initiatives within the same organisation in this task.

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