CPCCBL3005 Lay Masonry Walls and Corners Assignment Sample
1. Provide a brief overview of the nature for assignment help of the construction industry and its contribution to Australia’s economy.
Answer While the nature of construction has changed considerably over the past decade, the industry continues to grow and contribute to the Australian economy. The bulk of non-residential construction activity is now devoted to schools, hospitals, offices, and warehouses. The rapid growth in e-commerce and the rise in data centers have boosted demand for warehouses and offices (?wierczek et.al., 2018). In 2019, the commercial building sector was forecast to reach its peak, but the coronavirus pandemic could have negatively impacted activity.
The construction industry is an important sector in Australia, employing over a million people and contributing about eight percent of the nation's GDP. However, the industry is historically slow to innovate. Its fragmented structure and risk aversion make it difficult to identify innovative ideas. However, open innovation has the potential to boost innovation in the industry, allowing for collaboration among universities and public and private organizations. The construction industry is a critical pillar in the Australian economy, providing workplaces, housing, and infrastructure for people to live and work in. The industry also plays a major role in the economy, influencing demand and supply in different ways. It is closely linked to the manufacturing, wholesale, and retail trade sectors, as well as finance. The construction industry is also closely linked to the real estate and engineering industries.
2. What are the 3 main sectors in the construction industry
Answer Heavy Civil
The heavy civil sector of the construction industry focuses on building infrastructure. These projects require high skill sets and knowledge to build efficiently (Ahmed & Arocho, 2021). The public depends on these projects and their successful completion. Contractors in the heavy civil sector must ensure that they can meet deadlines and keep costs low.
The commercial construction sector includes buildings that are not used for homes. Some examples of commercial buildings include office buildings, apartment buildings, hotels, arenas, and retail stores. Commercial buildings may also be partially or fully enclosed. These buildings may be owned by a variety of different owners (Nguyen et.al., 2021).
The Industrial Building Construction industry's performance is closely tied to a number of economic factors. These include the pace of economic growth, the cost of financing, and technological advancements (Nguyen et.al., 2021)..
Electrician-Electricians play a very important role in the construction industry. They are required to understand the various parts of electrical systems and be able to diagnose the problem quickly. Their work varies from small to large, and they can work both in and outside a building depending on their task. This profession also requires a great deal of physical strength.
Plumber- Plumbing is a highly technical profession, requiring specialized training. It is also highly hazardous, so it is imperative to have the right qualifications. Plumbing qualifications can be obtained through an apprenticeship or a college course. Those who already have relevant experience can also apply directly to employers. Plumbers can also specialize in certain areas, including ventilation, air conditioning, and sanitation (Loosemore & Malouf, 2019). They can also progress to management positions in a company if they are part of a larger team.
Concreter- The role of the Concreter is to see and work on all the things where concrete is needed. The concrete also supervises whether the construction using the concrete has been done properly or not.
Carpenter-Carpenters are skilled in building and renovating buildings. They use various tools and techniques, read blueprints, and take continuous measurements. It is also important to have a love for what you do. Carpenters are known for their work and their dedication to their craft.
Bricklayer-The role of a bricklayer in the construction industry involves a range of skills. They are required to read and understand construction plans, use tools and equipment, and calculate measurements and building details. A bricklayer also needs to have good manual dexterity and physical stamina.
Plasterer-The role of a plasterer entails the use of molds and other materials to create ornamental plasterwork. They may also undertake dry lining, a process similar to plastering but using plasterboard instead of bricks. The demand for plasterers in the construction industry has increased substantially over the past few years, resulting in an increase in salaries. Plasterers work in an environment that is often dirty and dusty, making it difficult to breathe properly. This requires them to wear protective gear to prevent respiratory problems and protect their skin.
Roof plumber-The role of a Roof plumber involves planning, installing, and managing the drainage systems on roofs. Roof plumbers work with a variety of roofing materials, including polycarbonate, metal, and waterproof membranes. Their work can also include the installation of wall cladding. Occupational health and safety is an important aspect of this profession, and roof plumbers must be well versed in these issues to stay safe on the job. They must also be confident workers, able to make rational decisions and use their communication skills effectively.
Wall and Floor tiler-A wall and floor tiler is a skilled tradesperson who works in the construction industry. In Australia, wall and floor tilers must be registered with the Department of Industry Regulation. Applicants must also complete an apprenticeship to become qualified professionals. In some states, wall and floor tilers may be required to obtain a construction induction card (also known as a White Card) before they can work on a construction site.
Painter and decorator- A Painter and Decorator is an essential member of a construction team. They are responsible for the exterior and interior appearance of buildings and can help protect them from water damage. They are closely associated with the other construction trades. In Australia, they are a highly sought-after profession.
4. Choose one of the trades listed in the previous question, and provide the following information. Use the Job Outlook website to assist you with finding the information. Job Outlook website: www.joboutlook.gov.a
Description-Electricians in the construction industry install, assemble and test electrical systems. These systems may include power, heating, refrigeration, air conditioning, and signal communication systems. They are responsible for following blueprints and other documentation. Some construction electricians are responsible for installing cable trays and other electrical equipment in buildings.
Average Weekly Hours-The average number of hours worked by an electrician is forty hours per week. However, this number can go up during peak times. It also depends on the industry, region, and job.
Average Weekly Earnings-Electrical contractors in Australia earn an average annual income of $91,455. This figure is higher than the national average salary of $88,140. In addition, electricians are among the highest-paid trades in Australia.
How many people work in this job role in Australia-In Australia, there are approximately 45,000 people who work as electricians in the construction industry. This sector is highly fragmented, with the largest companies only accounting for three to four percent of the total market.
What is the estimated growth rate of employment in the Next 5 years-Electricians have many opportunities in this fast-growing field. A combination of increasing construction and increased demand for alternative power is driving job growth. This means that every year, nearly 10,000 new positions will open up for electricians.
What are the top 3 skills required for this role-
Ability to work well with others
Ability to communicate well
Ability to be a team player
5. Provide an example of recent innovation in the construction industry and discuss the impact or potential impact it could have on employment
Answer 3D Printing is an innovation that is transforming the construction industry. Unlike traditional construction, this new technology doesn't rely on traditional construction processes but rather relies on advanced computer software to design structures. Construction projects are becoming more automated, and construction companies are increasingly under pressure from government and client demands (Wu et.al., 2018).
The 3D printing innovation will open new opportunities and also create many job opportunities as 3D printing will require a lot of skilled people.
6. Define the below terms.
Since the 1950s, one of the main duties of unions in Australia has been to obtain a state or federal award that specifies the working conditions and pay for employees in a particular position. Basically, an industrial award is a document that helps to serve the information about the agreement of employment that an employer is required to provide for an employee, as agreed upon by the employer and the union(s), and which may be enforced under the industrial relation ACT 1996. These awards deal with many matters like pay rates and the method of payment, conditions, holiday and leave of various types, working hours and times, special rates for dangerous piece work, meal breaks, loading and allowances, superannuation, and career structures (Williamson et.al., 2019). This award is registered with many types of state and federal industrial relations commissions, and the employers must keep proper pay records of the employees’, deductions, sick leave, day leave entitlements, etc. Almost 90 percent workforce in Australia is under this industrial law.
Enterprise agreements cover the terms and conditions of employment for the employees involved and are made among employers and employees Agreement-related disputes are handled by the fair-work commission of Australia (Oliver & Walpole, 2018). Additionally, it assesses and approves enterprise agreements. This agreement has three types of agreements reached among employees and employers collectively. Single enterprise agreements, multi-enterprise agreements, and Greenfields agreements are the three agreements which asses by the fair work commission.
Australian workplace agreements describe an individual written agreement that has the terms and conditions of employment exist between an employer and a new or existing employee. AWAs can also be negotiated with a group of employees, but it refers that every employee should be signed the agreement. All previous employment contacts and agreements are superseded by AWAs. They resemble individual employment contracts that accept the workplace relation act which establishes the procedures that must be followed. The Australian Fair Pay and Conditions Standard was the lowest amount that an AWA had to adhere to. Effective dispute resolution procedures were not required in agreements, and any kind of content that was prohibited had not allowed. Agreements had a maximum term of five years, were promoted by the workplace authority, were operated independently and awarded, and for the duration of their existence, prohibited the industrial action related to the terms of the agreements.
7. What is the difference between a part-time worker, a full-time worker, and an independent contractor? Outline the hours of work and entitlements for each Answer Every employee of the organization should know about the difference between contract, part-time, and full-time employees and include their obligations.
A part-time worker is one who is hired by a contractor to work shorter hours than that a full-time worker. they could be given the option of flexible schedules with days off scattered across the week or perhaps a predefined schedule. Part-time workers are not eligible for benefits, meaning their compensation is based solely on the number of hours they put in. Part-time employment is typically defined as employment that is 30-35 hours or fewer per week sometimes required for certain part-time employment. Part-time professionals may also work a range of hours (Cavaliere et.al., 2021).
A full-time worker is regarded as an integral member of a business's workforce. A full-time worker's hours are typically set by their employer, and they are to report to a manager at work. Compared to contract workers and part-time employees, the above employees had also secured employment, which means their income is more constant.
Contract workers complete their work independently of the institution or business they collaborate with. They finish on-time tasks or are hired on a need basis. Accordingly, relying on their ongoing projects, contract workers may not always be obtainable to their company on a pay period basis. Rewards like wellness and insurance coverage are not available to the contractual workforce. In the near future, it may be financial advantages to hire contractual workers.
8. List 5 laws and/or regulations that apply to worker rights in the construction industry.
- Fair Work Act 2009:
- National Employee Standard
- Work Health and Safety Standard
- State and federal anti-discrimination laws
- Privacy Act 1988
9. On a building site you will come across different managers and supervisors, each with their roles and responsibilities. Outline the roles and responsibilities of the positions below.
Project Manager-As the person who oversees construction projects, the project manager plays a key role in the process. He or she must be able to set the expectations of the project, recruit the building teams, and allocate tasks and resources. In addition to managing the budget, the project manager must also be familiar with the schedule. A good construction project manager must be able to follow all the stages and plan the timeframe for the entire project. They must be able to keep the project on schedule and within budget, otherwise, so they risk spending more money than the project is worth. In addition, the project manager is responsible for setting benchmarks for evaluating the progress of a project and regulating it to meet those standards. A project manager is also responsible for coordinating resources between internal and external parties (Stanitsa et.al., 2021). In large projects, a project manager may designate team leaders to handle particular tasks or subtasks. The project manager must have the ability to create an environment that fosters cooperation and motivation.In addition to managing a project budget, a project manager must ensure that all construction workers are safe and that the finished product meets all architectural specifications.
Foremen-The role of a foreman in the construction industry is vital to the overall success of the project. He or she is responsible for managing the site and communicating with project architects and contractors. A foreman is also responsible for meeting deadlines and following safety regulations. As a foreman, you will need to have excellent communication skills and be detail-oriented. A construction foreman must have extensive knowledge of the trade and many years of experience to effectively manage a construction site. They also need to be able to work effectively with a team of workers. Other duties include monitoring the progress of the project, assigning tasks, and ensuring quality control. Foremen must also be good communicators with both the project's contractors and workers. They also need to be comfortable with change. In the construction industry, a foreman can work under a general contractor, business owner, or general manager. He or she may be in charge of training work crews. The job duties of a foreman include monitoring the progress of the project, training workers on safety equipment and tools, and keeping the entire team on schedule. The foreman may also make decisions related to supplier relationships. The role of a foreman in construction includes planning tasks weeks in advance and ensuring all aspects of the project are completed safely and efficiently.
Sub-Contractor-In the construction industry, the subcontractor plays an important role. The subbie's job is to execute the project as instructed by the main contractor. He/she often specialize in different areas, such as electrical or HVAC work. He/she must ensure the project's safety and health. The contractor is responsible for coordinating and overseeing the crew and materials used in a construction project. The contractor must also make sure the subcontractors are engaged and ready for work. The contractor is responsible for delivering quality work to the client, so it's important to make sure all parties involved are doing their part. The contractor is also responsible for maintaining safety in the workplace, including all safety equipment.
10. Following work health and safety procedures is mandatory on all job sites, and for all job tasks. List 8 safe working practices that you follow daily as part of your role.
- Personal Protective Equipment
- Environmental Guidelines
- Keeping Work Area Clean
- Ladder Safety Implementation
- Lifting precautions
- Site training to ensure safety
- No crowding inside the side
- Risk Management System
11. Planning and prioritizing job worksheets and work goals during your daily tasks can assist with the completion of job tasks. Write 4 reasons why this is important.
- Setting goals can help get people to work harder.
- Setting goals makes sure that everyone is working toward the same goal.
- Having goals can help everyone be responsible.
- Setting goals can help users measure how well users did.
12. John is the site supervisor. He has come on-site and called all workers into the meeting room to discuss daily tasks. During his meeting, one of the contractors from yesterday’s shift notices that the plans have had a change to the entry and exit points that are currently used. What should John do to confirm the changes? What steps should he take to ensure everyone is informed?
When a project changes and a new plan is necessary, a site supervisor can help the project manager by attending meetings and making observations. So at first John needs to confirm the same with the project manager because as a supervisor John needs to confirm the changes and he will need an authentic person to confirm the changes, also John will need written confirmation from the project manager before making any changes.John can take several steps to convey and ensure everyone is informed,
- Establishing a formal communication chain
- Making sure the messages are clear, concise and timely
- Embracing technology
13. What are your roles and responsibilities in the team you work with? How is the performance of your team monitored and encouraged to initiate continuous improvement?
The construction industry is a team-based industry where individuals with specialized skills work together to complete a project. Members of the team are responsible for using resources efficiently and effectively. They also share ideas and make decisions together. When the team works as a whole, each member's individual contribution will improve the overall project.
In construction, a team member may have several responsibilities, including reviewing the shop drawings and equipment selections. This is critical, as the wrong choice of materials can cause delays in construction. The team should also work to make sure that the work site is available. A member of the team may have to make decisions based on the situation, such as if the project is running late. When choosing a team to work with, consider the long-term relationship between all members. It is vital to make sure that everyone understands the role of everyone else on the team. If the team is working on a long-term relationship, it is important to make sure the team has similar values and communication styles. Communication must be fluid and clear. Inefficient communication causes confusion. If you are not communicating with your team members efficiently, you risk duplicated work and leaving important tasks unfinished. Having clear objectives and responsibilities for each member of the team can avoid such problems. It also ensures that everyone knows exactly what they need to do and whom to contact in case of a question or a problem.
There are several ways to monitor a team's performance in the construction industry, including key performance indicators (KPIs). These measures are vital to the performance of a construction company and should include both financial and non-financial measures. These measures can help managers gauge the overall performance of a team and identify areas for improvement.
One of the most important elements of performance management in construction is to establish a project-centric environment. Employees may work on multiple projects in a single year, and each project has a different set of goals. As a result, a rigid performance evaluation process may not be the best approach. Instead, performance management should be aligned with the pace of a construction project and workflow.
14. What is a toolbox meeting? What topics are discussed during a toolboxmeeting?
Your answer A toolbox meeting is a simple and quick way to raise awareness about health and safety. Often called "tailgate talks" or "Safety Chats," these talks are intended to supplement formal training programs and are an excellent opportunity for experienced workers to share their knowledge. They are informal meetings held in a neutral location, with minimal distractions, and they can be facilitated using props or visual aids to help illustrate the topics discussed.
One of the most important topics to discuss during toolbox meetings is safety. Most construction accidents fall into one of four categories. These are the "Construction Focus Four Hazards" and should be addressed in toolbox talks (Khoo et.al., 2019).
15. Mandy is a labourer and Roni is the site manager. Whilst Roni is managing a site delivery, Mandy interrupts to clarify a job task. Mandy speaks minimal English and
has trouble explaining what he needs, so this takes time. Roni snaps at Mandy because he is very busy with managing the site delivery. Mandy throws his hands in the air in frustration. Mandy is left feeling angry – he has not resolved his issue and felt his site manager Roni has not assisted him correctly. He asks another contractor to explain further. For the rest of the day, both workers are left frustrated and angry with each for the responses each received. Explain how you could use conflict resolution to assist both Mandy and Roni to resolve their differences.
Answer - The first thing I will do is calmly talk to both parties about the problems they had. This is more effective than venting my frustration to someone else. Make sure to set aside a certain amount of time and go to a quiet place to discuss the issues. Then, I will take the time to listen to what both the person has to say, and try to understand their perspective. This will give me an opportunity to compromise and work together. When an argument starts, the best way to resolve it is to identify common ground and highlight the key points. This will help me to understand the other person's perspective and sway their beliefs. By doing this, I can turn a destructive argument into a productive disagreement. Arguments are seeds that can grow into understanding.
16. No matter whether a meeting is formal or informal, it is important to participate. When attending a meeting, what are 3 things you should do?
Create a Schedule
17. Your career goals are supported by professional development activities. Who is responsible for ensuring you complete these?
There are two different perceptions behind these question:
Most of the workforce believes it is employers who actually take responsibility to teach career development.
And in the other hand, most managers believe that employees must take responsibility.
18. What would you do if your supervisor felt you needed to upskill to meet the demands of your industry? When would this need be identified?
If my supervisor felt that I need to upskill to meet the demand of the Industry then I will follow the steps,
I will access the training and development resources that are available.
Listen to the podcast to upskill myself.
I will keep in touch with the mentor for valuable advice and also try to adopt the same that will fulfill all the needs.
This needs to be identified at the very initial stage as I think it will help to get more opportunities and upgrading skills is always better if I am thinking about long-term career opportunities.
19. Many materials on site can be reused and recycled. This is called environmental management and sustainable practice. List 3 types of materials that can be reused to contribute to environmental management and sustainable practice.
- Earthen Materials can be reused in construction
- Bricks can be reused in construction
- Concrete can be crushed and reuse
20. Give 5 examples of work site environmental hazards.
Work sites often face various environmental hazards that could harm workers, including chemical spills and biological contamination. While a chemical spill or biological contamination may only cause short-term discomfort, prolonged exposure can result in serious illnesses, including histoplasmosis and lung cancer.
There are several different types of chemical hazards that can occur at work sites. It is important for employers to consider the potential risks and dangers associated with each chemical. The best way to avoid exposure to toxic chemicals is to use personal protective equipment.
The risks of falling objects are real, and they can cause great damage to workers and even death. As a result, workplaces should have warning signs placed at all heights. Workers should also wear hard hats in areas where they may be exposed to falling objects.
There are many environmental hazards that may be present at a work site. These hazards can be either physical or chemical. Physical hazards are often overlooked but can affect the health and safety of employees.
Poor air circulation
Poor air circulation is one of the most common environmental hazards at work sites. Insufficient ventilation causes stale air, which is higher in carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide than outside air. This contaminates the air, which can affect workers' health. The solution is to improve ventilation, but the problem doesn't end there.
21. What is an environmental management plan?
An environmental management plan is a document that outlines how an organization will reduce pollution and protect the environment. It contains formal policies, procedures, and processes that explain how specific environmental objectives will be met. It also specifies who is responsible for doing what and when it needs to be done. A company's EMP can be very helpful in a number of ways, including preventing pollution, improving operations, and communicating with stakeholders (Mtuleni, 2019). Regional environmental management plans are important tools for protecting an entire region. They can help ensure effective protection of an area's marine environment and ecosystem functions. They also provide connectivity for populations. In order to be effective, regional EMPs should include mapping, rules, and thresholds that reflect the region's unique characteristics.
22. Provide 2 examples of sustainable work practices.
? Flexible and dynamic construction reduces energy use
One of the most significant green building techniques is flexible and dynamic construction. This type of construction involves the design of a building so that it can serve multiple purposes and reduce the need for re-designing later. In this way, energy and material consumption are minimized. In addition, this type of construction is cost-effective and can reduce the environmental impact of construction projects (de Jonge & Peeters, 2019).
? Source reduction reduces construction waste
Source reduction is a technique for reducing construction waste and minimizing the environmental impact of the construction process. It involves reducing waste generation by minimizing the design, manufacture, purchase, and use of products and materials. As a result, less waste will end up in landfills, which can save money and the environment. This technique can also save resources and time.
23. Identify 8 laws and/or regulations relating to environmental performance and sustainability.
- Environment Protection (Air Quality) Policy 2016
- Environment Protection (Movement of Controlled Waste) Policy 2014
- Environment Protection (National Pollutant Inventory) Policy 2008
- Environment Protection (Noise) Policy 2007
- Environment Protection (Used Packaging Materials) Policy 2012
- Environment Protection (Waste to Resources) Policy 2010
- Environment Protection (Water Quality) Policy 2015
- Environment Protection Regulations 2009
24. To whom should you report a breach of environmental work practices, on the worksite? List 2 personnel.
If I find any breach of environment work practice in my worksite then I will inform my Immediate supervisor as well as the Project Manager.
25. List down 2 techniques for determining your own skills and skills required for career opportunities.
Ranking my skills from most impactful to least impactful
Career experts say the best way to ensure success is to keep learning new skills. While there's no set formula for how to learn new skills, a few strategies can help me get ahead of the competition. First, I should identify which skills matter most. Identifying which skills are in-demand can be the difference between landing a dream job and being left out of the running altogether.
Adaptability is key to a successful career
A flexible mindset is an essential trait for a successful career. Adaptability includes the ability to constantly improve one's skills, as well as to stay on top of changes in the workplace. This includes staying on top of industry trends and new technologies. For instance, a person in finance might keep track of the latest budget and current allowances, and a team member in HR may stay current on operational processes and company policies. Adaptability also means that I can learn from my mistakes, which can be extremely valuable in my professional life.
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