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CBS131 Cybersecurity Principles Report 2 Sample

Assessment Task

Produce a 1500-word cybersecurity group report. Advise on how to assess the cybersecurity threats facing the banking industry and apply an incident response plan to remediate from such attacks.

Please refer to the Task Instructions below for details on how to complete this task.

Task Instructions

Section A: Group Work

1. Group Formation

• Form a group of a maximum of 3 members.

• Your group must be formed by the end of Module 5 (Week 5) and registered.

• To register your group, you are required to send your Learning Facilitator an email before the registration deadline.

• Send an email to your Learning Facilitator with“CBS131 Group Registration” in the subject line. In the body of the email, please list the names and student ID numbers of all the members of your group. Also attach your completed Group Contract (see below for more details).

• Please note that you will work with your group members for Assessments 2 and 3.

2. Group Contract

Please read the attached CBS131_Assessments 2 & 3_Group Contract.

This document outlines the rules and conditions each group has to follow for both assessments as well as the roles and responsibilities of each group member. The group contract accounts for 5% of the assessment grade, as indicated in the Assessment Rubric.

• For assessments where students are expected to work in groups, the workload must be shared equitably among all group members. Please refer to sections 6.1 and 6.2 of the TUA PL_AC_014: Student Conduct Policy.

• When submitting the group contract, you are reminded not to ‘recycle’ (self-plagiarise) contracts from other assessments. Sections on deliverables, timeline and expectations should be unique to each assessment or project. Self-plagiarism constitutes a breach of Academic Integrity and can lead to penalties to the assessment or subject.

• During Assessments 2 and 3, you should keep records of communication and drafts. Any serious concerns about an
individual group member’s contribution should be brought to the attention of your Learning Facilitator as soon as they occur or at least two weeks before the due date, whichever is earlier.

• If a student has been accused of not contributing equally or fairly to a group assessment, the student will be contacted by the Learning Facilitator and given three working days to respond to the allegation and provide supporting evidence. If there is no response within three working days of contact, the Learning Facilitator will determine an appropriate mark based on the evidence available. This may differ from the mark awarded to other group members and would reflect the individual student’s contribution in terms of the quantity and quality of work.

Section B: Analyse the case and develop the group report

1. Read the attached case scenario to understand the concepts being discussed in the case.

2. Address the following:

• Review your subject notes to establish the relevant area of investigation that applies to the case. Study any relevant readings that have been recommended in the case area in modules. Plan how you will structure your ideas for the attacks/risk analysis, and remediation.

• Identify the methodology used to launch the cyber-attack against the bank and address the cyber threat landscaping and challenges facing the banking domain.

• Appraise the cyber attack’s impact on the bank’s operation.

• Explain the necessary security measures required to combat cyber threats, describe the basic security framework that banks need to have in place to defend against cyber threats and describe relevant security technologies to protect against cyber-attacks.

• Describe the strategies undertaken by banking management to regain customer trust in the aftermath of the cyber-attack.

• You will be assessed on the justification and understanding of security methods in relation to cyber-attack methodology, impact of the cyber-attack on banking industries, and effective strategies that can be used to regain trust of its customers. The quality of your research will also be assessed as described in the Assessment Rubric section. You may include references relating to the case as well as non-academic references. You will need to follow the relevant standards and reference them. If you chose not to follow a standard, then a detailed explanation of why you have done this is required.

• The content of the outlined chapters/books and discussion with the lecturer in the Modules 1 to 4 should be reviewed. Further search in the library and/or internet about the relevant topic is encouraged.

3. Group member roles:

• Each member is responsible for researching/writing about two methods or strategies.

• All group members are responsible for editing and checking the references of the report at the end so it’s not one member’s sole responsibility.

4. The report should consist of the following structure:

• A title page with the subject code and name, assessment title, student name, student number and Learning Facilitator name.

• The introduction (approx. 150 words) should describe the purpose of the report. You will need to inform the reader of:

• a) Your area of research in relation to data breach attacks and its context

• b) The key concepts of cybersecurity you will be addressing and what the effects of a data breach are.

• The body of the report (approx. 1,200 words) will need to respond to the specific requirements of the case study. It is advised that you use the case study to assist you in structuring the security methods in relation to the attacks/risk analysis and remediation, cyber threat

• landscaping and challenges facing the banking domain, impact of cyber attacks on the organisation and its customers, necessary security measures required to combat cyberthreats and effective strategies that can be used to regain the trust of its customers.

• The conclusion (approx. 150 words) will need to summarise any findings or recommendations that the report puts forward regarding the concepts covered in the report.

5. Format of the report:

• The report should use the Arial or Calibri font in 11 point, be line spaced at 1.5 for ease of reading and have page numbers on the bottom of each page. If diagrams or tables are used, due attention should be given to pagination to avoid loss of meaning and continuity by unnecessarily splitting information over two pages. Diagrams must include the appropriate labelling in APA style.

Please refer to the Assessment Rubric for the assessment criteria.



As determined by cyber threat, the landscape includes an entire segment of cybersecurity affecting organisations, user groups and specific industries. The emergence of novel cyber threats daily changes its landscape accordingly. The threat landscape constitutes certain factors that pose a risk to every entity within a relevant context. The case study report has discussed the cyber threat landscaping faced by the banking sectors worldwide. For Assignment Help, The associated challenges to protect and maintain customer confidence, especially in the corporate domain, have also been discussed. The report has focused on data breaches as a strategy to carry out malicious activities by the actors and motivators of cybercrimes. An action data breach can significantly cause adverse effects for the parent organisation due to the mishandling of sensitive information resulting in identity theft (Benson, McAlaney & Frumkin, 2019). Hackers utilise such information to conduct malpractices in the form of new bank account opening or purchase actions.


Cyber threat Landscaping and challenges facing the banking Domain

The sole responsibility for sensitive data security management has been given to the national government and the respective banking body. The global financial system has been undergoing a digital transformation accelerated by the global pandemic hit. Technology and banking systems are functioning parallelly to cater to digital payments and currency needs. Remote working of banking employees has necessitated the accessibility to sensitive information on personal data connections (Lamssaggad et al., 2021). This has facilitated the breach of data incidents across the globe as hackers can easily access customers' banking data from personal internet networks. Cyber-attacks are more prominent in middle income nations, while they are soft targets due to a lack of global attention.

Identify the methodology used to launch the cyber-attack against the bank

The continuation of cyber threats for the banking sectors involves identifying the following discussed methods as significant contributors.

Ransomware: The most significant form of cybercrime is ransomware, which involves encrypting selective files while blocking its real user. After that, a ransom is demanded by the criminal to provide accessibility for the encrypted files. The resultant event is witnessed in organisations facing an inactivity of their systems for longer. Ransom payment does not guarantee system recovery from criminals (Blazic, 2022).

The risk from remote working: Introducing hybrid working conditions for employees has led to significant vulnerabilities as cloud-based software is used. The banking sectors face significantly higher data breach risks due to sensitive data accessibility via employees' networks and systems.

Social engineering: Social engineering exploits the most important aspect of the financial system: the customers themselves. Customers are forced to share their sensitive credentials via unauthorised networks. The forms of social engineering include whaling and phishing attacks.

Supply chain attacks: Cybercriminals target a comparatively weaker partner in the supply chain for distributing malware. Certain messages regarding products and services are circulated via the system of the target partner to make the content legitimate, at least superficially. It is an increasing cybercrime in the financial sectors globally ( Lamssaggad et al., 2021). The hackers establish the authenticity of the networks as they gain control of the networks because of poor security management by the owner of the networks.

Cyber attack’s impact on the bank’s operation

Figure 1: Risk diagram for the banking sectors
Source: (Self developed)


Table 1: Risk Matrix
Source: (Self Developed)

It can be stated from the above risk matrix that cyber security for the banking industry has been associated with data security management policies. The above matrix shows that data breach is the most severe form of cyber risk which affects banking institutions. Whereas the risks associated with remote working environments have rarely occurred in the sector. The reason for such rarity is associated with the non-accessibility of the database from personal networks other than that of the bank's commercial network (Lallie et al., 2021).

Necessary security measures required to combat cyber threats

The launch of “International Strategy to Better Protect the Global Financial System against Cyber Threats” in the year 2020 have suggested specific actions to reduce fragmentation. This can be achieved by fostering collaborations among significant international and governmental agencies, tech companies and financial firms (Dupont, 2019). The World Economic Forum has been guided by strategies that include four aspects such as clarity regarding responsibilities and roles, the urgency of international collaboration, reducing fragmentation and protection of the international financial agencies. The governmental role involves the formation of financial CERTs (computer emergency response teams) for sharing sensitive risk management data as per Israel’s FinCERT. Cyber resilience can be strengthened by appropriate response formulation in the form of arrests, sanctions and asset seizures for combating cyber threats legally.

A security framework that banks need to have in place to defend against cyber threats


Table 2: NIST cyber security framework
Source: (Self Developed)

The NIST cybersecurity framework can be utilised to assess and implement every aspect of the problem, which is currently decreasing the value of the banking sectors across the globe (Kshetri, 2019). It has been noted that effectiveness regarding cyber security management greatly improves the customer relationships a bank maintains with its existing customers.

Security technologies to protect against cyber attacks

Intrusion Detection System (IDS): Network traffic is analysed by IDS to identify signatures corresponding to known attacks in the cyber domain. The requirement of human assistance or appropriate automated systems to interpret the results is a form of utilising more security measures for the action (Akintoye et al., 2022).


Figure 2: Elements of cybersecurity diagram
Source: (Geeksforgeeks 2022)

Data Loss Prevention (DLP): DLP utilises data encryption to prevent data loss by protecting information and decrypting them only with the help of appropriate encryption keys (Chang et al., 2020). Choosing a suitable encryption technology amongst AES, DES, and RSA determines the magnitude of prevention offered.
Firewalls: A network security device that operates based on the already proposed security rules and decides whether to allow certain network traffic into the system. Firewalls may include both hardware and software and are used to address mitigating threats and monitoring traffic.

Effective strategies that can be used to regain the trust of its customers

Loyalty exchange can be an effective strategy to gain customers' trust again in the global banking sectors. The dependency of the economy on digital transactions has made the avenues for cybercrimes more prominent for attackers. Customer service quality needs to be improved significantly by every banking organisation to achieve customer loyalty. Customer engagement can be increased by truthful sharing of banking scenarios with potential customers (Broby, 2021). The banking personnel should reciprocate customer loyalty to increase the trust component of the customers.

The management of the banking sectors should take adequate measures to help every growing business in the nearby localities. Transparency associated with the banking systems shall be put forth to increase customer satisfaction. Helpful behaviour on the part of the banking institutes shall also sow the seeds of cooperation and confidence in the customers. Adopting several community-minded activities by the banks shall be beneficial to install dependency and trust in the banking sectors once again.

The banks can utilise their economic knowledge about a particular economy to discuss the ill effects and benefits of investment into particular business sectors. The anxieties of customers regarding the management of their financial resources can be solved by the banks, especially at the branch level. This attitude shall reduce anxieties and improve customer reliance on banking systems (Ahmad et al., 2020). The warmth shared within the customer relationships shall effectively increase the confidence level of the customers in their respective banking institutes.


The report has discussed the cyber threat landscaping and its challenges in the banking sectors from a global perspective. It has been noted that the ongoing transition of financial transactions into digitised platforms has widened the scope of data breaches. The potential risks associated with online monetary transactions, use of UPI platforms and unauthorised access to sensitive data storage are major reasons for more cybercrimes. The associated damages are reflected in the withdrawal of confidence from the banking sectors across the global scenario. The risk matrix has identified the probability and factors which contribute to the risks faced by banking institutes. The report has also discussed hackers' methods to carry out such fraudulent activities. At the end of the report, certain suggestions have been discussed to regain customer confidence in the banks in the newly introduced digitised banking platform.

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