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DFVP20002 Domestic and Family Violence Responses and Interventions Report Sample


The aim of this assessment is to extend your understanding of organizational structures, behaviours, and responses, related to domestic and family violence (DFV) victims and perpetrators.


You are producing a portfolio that addresses two (2) main tasks. This portfolio requires you to gather and draw upon a range of research evidence. You must present your portfolio as a single Microsoft Word document, using headings to clearly identify your response to each task. You must include a single reference list in APA 7th format.

You must address the two (2) following tasks to complete your portfolio assessment:

1. Explain what is meant by primary, secondary, and tertiary responses to DFV and give an Australian example of each (approx. 750 words).

a. Define/explain each of these terms/categories (i.e. primary, secondary, and tertiary responses)

b. Explain any complexities or overlaps across these three categories

c. Give an example of an Australian DFV response for each category (i.e. one example of a primary response, one example of a secondary response, and one example of a tertiary response).

2. Several organisations/services can be involved in cases of DFV in Australia, particularly cases where the adult victim or perpetrator has children in their care. Explain challenges that emerge due to the varied organisational structures and behaviours of the services (approx. 750 words).

a. Identify two services that may be involved in cases like these (e.g. police, child safety, family courts, DFV services), and discuss the similarities and differences in their organisational structures and behaviours

b. Explain the challenges/limitations that emerge due to their varying structures and behaviours

c. Identify the potential consequences for DFV victims and perpetrators.



Domestic and family violence or DFV is common in Australia in recent times. It is basically a sensitive social issue in the Australian community. and many people in Australian society has been experiencing this issue over the last few decades. Children are being harassed sexually, emotionally and mentally as well. Thissocial issue must be resolved to make a better society and culture among the citizens. The Australian government has already taken several steps and built certain policies to resolve this issue. This issue also affects the mental condition and cultural environment of a child or an adult person (Douglas et al., 2019). For Assignment Help, In that case, young generation will be affected by mental illness and disorders. It is essential for the government and society to resolve this issue with proper precautions and policy following mentality. In this report or portfolio, all the factors of DFV are explained along with proper categorization in different types as well. This categorization is dependent on the primary secondary tertiary responses to the DFV in Australia. Lastly, some of the examples in the Australian scenario, are also given with detailed analysis. Some of the policies and government laws are also explained in detail with limitations and involved risks. It shows the whole scenario along with essential factors and possible precautions.

Different Responses to DFV with Examples

There are several responses that people give while reacting to harassment for domestic and family violence. Different responses are given in different times and situations by the children for other victims (Trevillion et al., 2012). There are mainly three types of responses such as primary response, secondary response, and tertiary response.

Primary Response

A primary response is basically a predictive response or reaction towards possible harassment for domestic violence. When a particular child is facing a sexual approach from his or her family members, the instantaneous response of the child is called primary response (Chester et al., 2021).This response can be aggressive and can be suppressive in nature. In both of those scenarios Australian society has the responsibility to resolve that issue for a better future of the student with appropriate primary response.


In April 2021, a mother in Australia was facing some domestic violence-related problems from her husband and her daughter as well. In that case, she filed a DV case against her own daughter. Apart from her own problem, she did this to ensure her own safety in further times which can be considered as a primary response to domestic violence in Australia (Cross et al., 2018).

Secondary Response

The secondary response is that reflectiveresponse which the victim gives or delivers just after receiving the violence. In any case when the victim is first harassed sexually, the first reflective action or response the person gives is called secondary response. This can be sensitive, aggressive and depressive in nature. The person must go through extreme care and support. If in any case the official reporting is missing, it can cause more struggle and can affect the mental stability and health of the victim (Usher et al., 2020). This eventually leads them to proper precaution and early treatment in terms of physical and mental health. Proper secondary response protects the victim from experiencing further violence.


Australian batsman Michael Slater was arrested in Sydney for a domestic violence case. He was an experienced cricketer who played a significant role in Australian cricket history. He was reported as a person who was intensely involved in a domestic violence case (Card et al., 2011). In this case, the victim has reported early to the official authority which protected them from father violence and harassment. This can be considered as a secondary response in nature and circumstances.

Tertiary Response

When a particular person is facing domestic violence from a long period of time, her behaviour and response begins to change accordingly (Harris et al., 2019). In most of the cases this change is a depressive and sometimes aggressive in nature. If in any case the violation is increased or the intensity crosses the limitation of tolerance, the response can be more sensitive. This response to the domestic violence after a long period of time is called tertiary response.
All the categories are interconnected in nature and influence each other in terms of intensity of the reaction and steps. All of those affect the mental state of the victim in different level and terms. Improved understanding and analysis can cause better precautions against domestic violence.


In 2019, an Indian woman reported a domestic violence case against her husband on a Sunday. She was based in Queensland, Australia. She was married to a doctor who threatened her with private photos which can ruin her image.

She was experiencing this thing for a long time. She even followed his instructions to protect herself from this humiliation. In this case, she reported the whole thing and took the final step after a long time which is considered as a tertiary response to domestic violence.

Two Services

The first organizational body is the Australian Childhood Foundation, which mainly operates on a national level in terms of children safety and welfare. They organization specifically focuses on children safety in Australia. They also provide their own helpline numbers where children can report their problems. Sometimes children are not able to do the reporting on time. In that case, they also maintain their own team who moderates over the families in Australian society and gives proper support and treatment to the children who are going through domestic violence. They also provide education and child abuse prevention programs which brings strong awareness among the people (Anderberg et al., 2016). All the children get support from the organisation to different contact. The organizational behaviour of helping children influence them in a positive way to start again. They also get mental and psychological support for farther personality improvement.

The second organization, RizeUp Australiais a government body that operates on Australia as national sexual assault and domestic violence. They provide their official number where people can contact directly to the government in terms of the prevention of domestic violence. The whole organizational body has already provided their contacts such as phone numbers and website. The victim just needs to report the whole incident to the government or to that organization and then they will come to moderate or assess the family and will take proper steps. As a government organizational body, they provide full security (O’Brien et al., 2012). The whole organizational structure and behaviour depend on helping victims of sexual harassment. In that case the whole organizational body is prepared with responsible members who can connect with the victims on psychological level also.

Challenges or Limitations

Both organizations have their own challenges or limitations while performing required steps or actions. In most cases, the victim is already under pressure from his or her family (Sherman et al., 2014). Usually, the person doesn't want to report the whole incident to the organizational body whether it is government or private. In that case, it becomes difficult for the organizational body to take serious steps against the person who is involved with this whole crime.

Proof and certain pieces of evidence that are very crucial in this type of case where the victim is experiencing a sensitive issue with his or her own family (Pallitto et al., 2013). Sometimes the family members already secure themselves through specific steps. It becomes more complicated for the organizational leaders or stakeholders to find all the victims. It is not possible for them to reach out every single family to protect them. In that case, finding the right victims in a proper way is a big challenge for the organisation. They also produce and perform different activities and plans to the job specifically. In spite of that this challenge affects a small percentage of the victims who are suffering through the same problem.

All of these challenges and limitations are very specific and sensitive in nature. Though with proper planning and structural approach the government can take certain precautions which will eventually improve the whole situation.

Potential Consequences

The most basic issue is the effect on mental state of a person. When a person is facing a regular molestation and sexual harassment, it is certain that she will go through mental pressure. It is hard to handle mental state in unhealthy environment is wrong. Sexual harassment mostly leads to mental disorders and abnormal personality. It also includes less control in emotions and anger. Overall, the whole scenario will lead to mental illness and other psychological issues. This will not only affect the personal life of a person but also will affect the social life.

The government has already considered this whole issue as a social disease. Private organizations are also taking serious steps towards the issue so that the whole Australian society or community and go to a better situation (Cross et al., 2018). The government has already taken to steps with certain policies and awareness programs that are eventually helping to improve the long-term consequences of DFV or domestic and family violence.


This whole report concludes different responses from different victims of domestic violence. Several circumstances have a separate impact on the victim. All of those responses are included with detailed analysis and case studies. Furthermore, some of the policies are mentioned which can prevent the whole issue and can improve the social culture in Australia. All the challenges and limitations which can come while implementing the policies are also documented in this report. Lastly, some potential consequences are also mentioned. In this way, the whole report can mention the proper plan of action to prevent domestic violence which will eventually develop a better Australian society or community.


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