PUBH6206 Health Promotion and Community Health Assignment Sample
Individual/Group - Individual
Length Part B - 1500 words (+/-10%)
Learning Outcomes This assessment addresses the following learning outcomes:
a) Critically analyse health promotion principles theories at the level of prevention.
b) Apply the principles of the Ottawa Charter to develop health promotion interventions in diverse communities.
d) Apply health promotion principles, theoretical frameworks, and strategies to health promotion intervention for diverse communities.
e) Critically analyse the concepts of community capacity building and empowerment within health promotion interventions
Students are required to develop the health promotion intervention based on the health promotion intervention plan outline developed in Assessment 2 Part A. Students are required to write the program of 1500 words (+/- 10%) in length. The steps below provide clear instructions on how to develop and present your program. Support your point of view with the credible evidence sources.
Instructions for online assignment help
1. Explain the stages of program development in the following stages.
Planning: Review your plan outline against the feedback given by the Learning Facilitator (Target group, Aim, Objective, Timeframe, and Stakeholders developed in Assessment 2 Part A)
Consideration: Consider health promotion principles, theoretical frameworks, and strategies, including Ottawa Charter Area of Action that could applied to your program
Explain potential stakeholders that should be involved in your program and the importance of their roles.
Select health setting where the program would be implemented and explain the appropriateness of this setting/location.
List required resources, including: human resources; equipment; tools and devices (e.g. testing kit, yoga mat, scale, stationary); facilities (e.g. room for education session, space/court for physical activities), printed resources (e.g. flyer, poster, booklet) (this is a critical thinking practice rather than the actual activity).
Estimate your budget required for you program and where could you get funding to support your program (this is a critical thinking practice rather than the real funding)
2. Explain how your program will be monitoring and evaluated.
3. Critically explain timeframe and milestones of your program
As the health promotion plan outline was completed, a brief knowledge about the risk associated with early mortality of infants and children under the age of 5 years was identified. The outlines help in assessing and highlighting the issues of diarrhoea witnessed by children which thus has been focused as one of the main leading causes of child death worldwide (Shine et al., 2020). As children below the age of 5 years have a lack of ability to self-assess health needs, manage and minimize risk factors and have a proper understanding of the threat. Thus, they witness the enhanced risk of complications related to diarrhea (UNICEF, 2022). The risk of diarrhoea is high among infants and children who lack proper access to clean drinking water, live in a house with poor disposal of human faecal, live in a poor house with shattered infrastructure, lacks proper meal as well as maintain standard hygiene. Thus, these factors explain the social determinants of health related to diarrhoea which increases the threat of infection in infants and children. As children are incapable of managing safety and sustaining a healthy lifestyle by themselves, it is necessary that parents are accounted for their safety and health security (World Health Organization, 2022). The health promotion plan hence focuses on involving children along with their parents in order to generate awareness and safety instructions in order to provide them with an opportunity to safeguard health. As Australia has a well-structured vaccination and clean water supply system, the risk of diarrhoea is significantly low and thus no proper statistics on the issue have been recorded (Thomas et al., 2021). Focusing on which the health promotion plan has been prospered to make sure that the general population do not forget the risk that the infants possess and ensure early management of the risks.
The health promotion intervention focuses on guiding and educating parents regarding the illness, the social factors and the other surrounding environment setting that increases the risk of diarrhoea among their children. The socio-economic approach to health has been identified to be the best application in the case of diarrhoea among children as the social factor the children witness and the economic burden faced by the family together develop a threat of diarrhoea (Lago et al., 2018). It aims to modify the physical and social environment in place of changing health behaviours. As the intervention aims to minimise the risk of diarrhoea, among the general population, it will focus on the primary level of health intervention where the aim is to reduce the risk of illness and ensure management before getting infected (Disease Prevention and Healthy Lifestyles, 2022). Focusing on the Ottawa charter health promotion strategy, the health promotion plan focuses on involving “Advocacy” as the key to success as it guides the need to provide education, awareness and advocacy among the patient and susceptible population as a means to overcome health challenges (Nkangu et al., 2021).
1. Stakeholder 1: dieticians and paediatricians- provide dietary and nutritional guidance to infants
2. Stakeholder 2: primary care and health care professionals- provide, diagnosis, treatment, care and health education.
3. Stakeholder 3: social service providers and non-governing organizations- support intervention with other services and facilities such as resources, funding, food and coordination.
4. Stakeholder 4: local authorities and Department of health, Australia- fund, policy and guidelines for health promotion intervention (Seymour et al., 2018).
Aims: the aim of the health promotion intervention plan is to assess the issue faced by the children in terms of their deprived social determinant of health and in terms of which, to formulate an intervention. The aim highlights the delivery of awareness and prevention guidance to parents of children below the age of 5 years in order to ensure the safety and security of their health. Also, as Australia has no recorded cases of diarrhoea due to vaccination, it is necessary that the health care provider focus on the issue and consider the delivery of guidance (Sommers et al., 2019).
Objective 1: the objective of the health promotion plan is to provide awareness to the communities regarding the precautions they must follow to safeguard their children from diarrhoea.
Objective 2: the objective is to maintain recognition among car providers in terms of diarrhoea in order to avoid the development of state public health issues.
S: the objective focuses in empowering parents as well as communities in terms of diarrhea management.
M: the objective can be measured by assessing change in health care delivery in terms of diarrhoea as well as preventive measures maintained by parents within the communities
A: it is possible to achieve as it requires stakeholder already working within community level and ensure
R: it focuses on delivering health promotion within diverse communities.
T: objective is time bound as education and prevention guidance will be delivered within a duration of 8 months.
The setting has been selected as in Australia due to Rotavirus vaccination, the prevalence of diarrhoea has come under control and thus no significant data is recorded on the occurring cases of diarrhoea. It is necessary that proper acknowledgement of minor cases is provided and significant guidance among communities is provided to safeguard children (Ruiz-Borrego et al., 2020).
Timeframe: the timeframe of the health intervention plan is identified to be 8 months.
Disease Prevention and Healthy Lifestyles. (2022). Three Levels of Health Promotion/Disease Prevention | Disease Prevention and Healthy Lifestyles. Retrieved 12 April 2022, from https://courses.lumenlearning.com/diseaseprevention/chapter/three-levels-of- health-promotiondisease- prevention/#:~:text=Summary,prompt%20treatment%20of%20a%20disease.
Lago, S., Cantarero, D., Rivera, B., Pascual, M., Blázquez-Fernández, C., Casal, B., & Reyes, F. (2018). Socioeconomic status, health inequalities and non-communicable diseases: a systematic review. Journal of Public Health, 26(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-017-0893-1.
Nkangu, M., Obegu, P., Asahngwa, C., Shiroya, V., Gobina, R., Agbaw-Ebai, F. P., ... & Foretia, D. (2021). Protocol: Scoping review protocol to understand the conceptualisation, implementation and practices of health promotion within the context of primary healthcare in Africa. BMJ Open, 11(12). doi: 10.1136/bmjopen- 2021-049084
Ruiz-Borrego, M., Chan, A., Marx, G., Brufsky, A., Chien, A. J., Thirlwell, M., ... & Barcenas, C. H. (2020, December). Bringing diarrhea under CONTROL: dose escalation reduces neratinib-associated diarrhea and improves tolerability in HER2- positive early-stage breast cancer. In San antonio breast cancer symposium (SABCS). Retrieved from:https://pumabiotechnology.com/docs/120920_PS13_20_Ruiz_Borrego_CONTROL _SABCS_2020_poster_FINAL.pdf
Seymour, J. (2018). The impact of public health awareness campaigns on the awareness and quality of palliative care. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 21(S1), S- 30. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2017.0391
Shine, S., Muhamud, S., Adanew, S., Demelash, A., & Abate, M. (2020). Prevalence and associated factors of diarrhea among under-five children in Debre Berhan town, Ethiopia 2018: a cross sectional study. BMC infectious diseases, 20(1), 1-6. doi: 10.1186/s12879-020-4905-3
Sommers, T., Mitsuhashi, S., Singh, P., Hirsch, W., Katon, J., Ballou, S., ... & Nee, J. (2019). Prevalence of chronic constipation and chronic diarrhea in diabetic individuals in the United States. Official journal of the American College of Gastroenterology| ACG, 114(1), 135-142. doi: 10.1038/s41395-018-0418-8
Thomas, S., Donato, C. M., Covea, S., Ratu, F. T., Jenney, A. W., Reyburn, R., ... & Russell, F. M. (2021). Genotype Diversity before and after the Introduction of a Rotavirus Vaccine into the National Immunisation Program in Fiji. Pathogens, 10(3), 358. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10030358UNICEF. (2022). Child Mortality - UNICEF DATA. UNICEF DATA. Retrieved 12 April 2022, from https://data.unicef.org/topic/child-survival/under-five-mortality/.
World Health Organization. (2022). Health promotion and disease prevention through population-based interventions, including action to address social determinants and health inequity. Retrieved 12 April 2022, from http://www.emro.who.int/about- who/public-health-functions/health-promotion-disease-prevention.html