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SBD403 Security By Design Assignment Sample

Individual/Group - Individual
Length - 3,000 Words +/- 10%

Learning Outcomes-

The Subject Learning Outcomes demonstrated by successful completion of the task below include:

b) Administer implementation of security controls, security risk mitigation approaches, and secure design architecture principles.

c) Explain Secure Development Lifecycle models and identify an appropriate model for a given situation.

e) Apply security by Design industry standard principles in systems development.

Assessment Task

Create a document that advises on how to create a complete cyber security environment in an enterprise. Criticially analyse the basic requirements in conjunction with available technical and organizational cyber security methods and align them with adequate user experience. This has to be aligned with relevant industry or international standards, such as OWASP or ISO270xx. Please refer to the Instructions for details on how to complete this task.


Consider you being the member of the CISO-Team (Chief Information Security Officer Team) of an enterprise with approx. 300 employees. The business of this company is

• performing data analysis for hospitals (i.e. how many diagnosises of what type)

• performing data analysis for retailers (i.e. how many products of what type). This data contains no personal data from shoppers such as credit cards. In both instances the data is provided by the respective client. All clients and all client data is from Australia only.

Because of the sensitive nature of the hospital data, the data is stored on premise while the retail data, because of sheer size, is stored in a cloud storage. The cloud provider fulfills all necessary security standards and resides in Australia. About 100 staff is working with the hospital data, this group is called “Doctors” and 200 with the retail data, group called “Retailers”. Every group is organised into a “support”-team, consisting of personal assistants, group head and group vice head and then the analysts. Every 20 analysts work on the same client, there is no one working on two or more clients’ data. The software that is being used for both groups is capable of having individual usernames and group roles. Access control for data can be set by username, group or both. The executives of the company (CEO, CFO and CMO) as well as their PA should not have any access to the data, the IT staff only when required for troubleshooting the application or storage.


You will be asked to write a design guide how to create a secure environment for the enterprise since the client demand information about the safety of their data. This includes addressing the following topics:

• What kind of user training is required and explain why this suggested training is required to achieve a better cyber security?

• Perform a risk assessment to identify at least 5 major risks?

• What technical and/or organisational methods can be deployed to mitigate assessed risks? Name at least four technical and two organisational methods and indicate on how to deploy them. Describe the impact on the users ability to work for each method.

• If applicable identify mandatory methods out of the list created.

• Describe if user groups and user rights need to be implemented in the analysis application and the basic IT system (E-Mail, PC-Login etc.)

• Create an appropriate password rule for user accounts both in the application and for general IT and administration accounts (administrator, root, etc.). Explain why you chose this rule or those rules and align that with current standards (such as NIST)

• Define the required security measures for the storage and align them with current standards

• A recommendation for a plan of action for creating and maintaining proper information security.

• A recommendation for a plan to sustain business availabilities.

• A reference to relevant security and governance standards.

• A brief discussion on service quality vs security assurance trade-off (less than 500 words).

You will be assessed on the justification and understanding of security methods, as well as how well your recommendations follow Secure by Design principles, and how well they are argued. The quality of your research will also be assessed, you may include references relating to the case, as well as non-academic references. You need to follow the relevant standards and reference them. If you chose to not follow a standard a detailed explanation of why not is required. The content of the outlined chapters/books and discussion with the lecturer in the modules 1 – 12 should be reviewed. Further search in the library and/or internet about the relevant topic is requested as well.



This case study for assignment help will construct client data security to make insight and potential protected IT controllable conditions and proposals as little hardship to real users and necessary to keep while retaining the top security standard possible. Here, anticipate the user’s participant of CISO-Team (Chief Information Security Officer Team) of such a company with approximately 300 staff. Therefore, the organization's main line of work is data analysis for health facilities. After that, this dataset includes no private information about customers, including credit card information. The data is made by the consistent user in both cases. On the other hand, training for the user will be required for analysis in the data security. There are identify the risk assessment and technical methods to mitigate the assessed risk will be evaluated. However, creating an appropriate rule for user accounts for software and General IT system will be illustrated to measure the security in this report.


Required training for user

In order to, user training is necessary to able for enhanced a cyber-security to analyze the aims of user training regarding potential IT vulnerabilities and threats. It enables the users to recognize potential security risks when functioning online and sometimes with their software applications. Cybercriminals inject malicious into devices by using a wide range of effective methods, with newly developed techniques being advanced all the time. Users must be instructed in fixing issues, securing sensitive data, and reducing the likelihood of criminals obtaining personal details and records (Decay, 2022). The main cause for cyber-security training is to prevent business from malicious hackers who could harm the organization.

? A malicious actor is searching for aspects to gain entry to an organization's funds and personal user data, as well as extract money from enterprises.

? Therefore, choice to invest in information security is critical for all organizations, and their employees must have admin rights to an appropriate training scheme for work with potential malicious cyber risks, their data security training must be kept updated.

? User training is includes to evaluating the training information and keeping the data updated.

? There are various training tools available, such as simulating threats, increasing understanding and awareness as well as unusual threats, and providing detailed monitoring (Gathercole et al., 2019).

? The most fundamental type of cyber security training relies on increasing user insight into potential threats.

? There are several options for user training, which is included: Cyber security awareness, Antimalware training, and techniques for communicating data training.

On the other hand, more innovative systems are offered that may be perfect for the IT group as well as roles including cyber analysts. This learning is relevant to OWASP, the more Dangerous Application Errors According to CWE/SANS, DevOps training for protected server and delivery transactions. Some employees could be given training in a variety of risk management measures by transferring them to interactive or in-person basic training. Risk assessments, data protection, as well as intrusion detection systems are all part of cyber security. These systems are intended to teach technology scientific techniques while also providing users with hands-on knowledge in communicating with cyber threats. However, the General IT group can participate in the basic training course, whereas IT and information security professionals can sign up for enhanced programs.

Risk assessment identification

In order to, recognize and assess the five major risks against every type of attack that are mitigating by the following risk matrix table implemented for user training are as follows:

Risk matrix

To reduce the threats, a recognizing and prioritization table has been illustrated with the assistance of a risk assessment table, as shown below:

In the above table, Ransomware, Email phishing, DDoS attack, Trojan Malware and Network Failure are examples of security threats that demonstrate the impact of each threat on an organization. As a result, attacks on each threat priority are infrequently high, medium, and low. This table represented a priority to analyze threats in order to mitigate organizational assets in terms of network and application security.
Technical methods to mitigate the assessed risks
Organizational strategies can be used to prevent or reduce identified risks for users. Users might be effectively capable to implement, evaluate, and mitigate by using risk management solutions as well as risk assessment models (Lyu et al., 2019). There are a few strategies to evaluate to preventing the identified risks as follows:

? Risk Acceptance: Once the risk is low or unlikely to succeed, risk acceptance seems to be the right method. Whenever the price of minimizing or risk avoidance is greater than the amount of simply acknowledging it as well as exiting it to opportunity, it makes understanding to keep it.

? Risk Avoidance: Risk avoidance indicates refraining from engaging in the task that poses the risk. This approach to risk management is most similar to how individuals deal with specific risks (Arshad, & Ibrahim 2019). Although some individuals are much more risk-averse than others, the entire team has a critical threshold beyond which items become far too dangerous to undertake.

? Risk Mitigation: After threats are assessed, a few risks have been better avoided or accepted than others. The approaches and technologies of managing risks are referred to as risk reduction. Because once users identify potential risks as well as their likelihood, users can assign organizational resources.

? Risk Reduction: A most popular method is risk reduction since there is generally a method to at least minimize costs. It entails having to take preventive actions to lessen the severity of the influence (Freddi etal., 2021).

? Risk Transfer: Risk transfer entails transferring the risk to a different third entity and organization. Risk transfers could be delegated, transferred to an insurance firm, or transferred to a new organization, as when borrowing assets. Transferring risk does not always lead to reduced costs.
The four technological and two managerial strategies that are indicated to implement the threat are as follows:

? Agile development approach: All agile processes entail groups to make apps in phases that consist of micro of novel structures. The agile development process approaches in many flavours, such as scrum, crystal, extreme programming (XP), as well as feature-driven development (FDD).

Figure 1: Agile Development Methodology
(Source: Dhir, Kumar & Singh 2019)

? DevOps deployment methods: DevOps deployment focuses on managerial transformation that improves partnership among depts. responsible for many phases of the progress life span, including innovation, feature control, and actions.

Figure 2: DevOps Deployment Methodology
(Source: Battina, (2019)

? Waterfall development method: The waterfall development technique is broadly regarded as the maximum agile and out-dated technique. The waterfall approaches are indeed an inflexible linear model, comprised with various steps (needs, layout, application, confirmation, and preservation).

Figure 3: Waterfall Development Method
(Source: Firzatullah, (2021)

? Rapid application development (RAD): Rapid application development enables our teams to rapidly adapt to changing specifications in a fast-paced, ever-changing market. The user procurement and build phases are repeated until the consumer is satisfied that the design satisfies all specifications.

Figure 4: Rapid Application Development
(Source: Sagala, 2018)

Furthermore, the influence on the users' capability to work for each method for user training to get the major purpose of the agile software approach is that it enables apps to be issued in different versions. Sequential updates increase performance by enabling players to recognize and accurate defects although also supporting the potentials in the initial period. There are similarly allowing the users to gain the rewards of software as soon, appreciations to frequent gradual enhancements. DevOps is anxious with decreasing time to business, reducing the malfunction frequency of novel updates, reducing the time among repairs, as well as reducing interruption while optimizing trustworthiness. DevOps entities try to obtain this by programing agile methodologies to ensure that everything runs properly and smoothly. After that, the waterfalls advance strategy is modest to recognize as well as maintain due to its sequential environment. The waterfall technique tasks better to get initiatives with clearly defined goals and security criteria. However, the rapid application progress that ensure well- defined company goals as well as a defined group of users and aren’t difficult to salve. RAD is incredibly beneficial for time-sensitive tiny to medium- sized development.

Analysis of the application and basic IT system for user groups and user rights

User groups and user rights are essential to implement for application analysis to enable the generation of a ranking of all rational and reasonable application user groups. Some Systems can be controlled in the software platform just on the "Users" section. It is critical because each login user to understand to that which users he or she is appointed. On the other hand, application reliability is focused on multiple users (rather than particular users), novel users can be provided and eliminated (even in executable mode) without changing the software (Garzón, Pavón & Baldiris 2019). It enables the application's essential components to be recommended to ensure software user access. The basic IT system set up for user login on every user at such a web is indeed a basic framework organization task.

After that, a normal user email address contains all of the data required for such a consumer to sign in and then use a framework without knowing the platform's root user. In the user account aspects are to be defines the elements of the user account number. When individuals create a user email address, individuals could add its user to preselected user groups. A common use group would be to assign group approvals to a file system, providing access to certain members of that organization (Young, Kitchin & Naji 2022). A user could have a database with secret data that only a few users must have full rights to. However, users have create a highly classified group consisting of users who are functioning on the highly confidential task. Users could also give an extra highly classified group read access to the top confidential documents

Create an appropriate rule for user accounts both in the application and for general IT

In order to, develop a suitable password policy for user accounts in the assessment as well as general IT or government accounts to keep the accounts inside the software up to date. The following are the appropriate password rules for recognizing the accounts:

? Never, ever share their password with anybody: Username and password must not be distributed to everyone, such as educators, users, and employees. When someone needs full rights to another person's providing security, project of permission choices must be considered.

? Reset their password if users suspect a negotiated settlement: reset their username from such a computer user don't normally use. After that, reset their password, and notify the local users with various sections in management as well as the Data Security Executive (Wiessner, 2020).

? Rather than a password, take into account using a password: A password is a login composed of a series of words interspersed with data type as well as representational actors. A passcode can be verified or a preferred cite. Passwords generally have advantages including being higher and simple to understand.
Structures are not just a recent idea to cyber security experts, as well as the advantages are enormous - and individuals don't have to be advanced to be efficient. In this section, users look at the NIST Information Security Program but it must be a core component of their security plan. The NIST Cyber security Framework seems to be a consensual method that signifies millions of data security experts' combined experience. This is largely viewed as standards and specifications as well as the most extensive and in-depth set of safeguards available in any guideline. The CSF is indeed the result of a risk-based strategy that managers are very familiar with. This system allows for an interconnected risk management strategy to cyber security planning that is linked to the business objectives.

However, the company's interaction and decision-making would be expanding. The resources for security will be effectively acceptable and circulated. Considering its risk-based, outcome-driven strategy, the CSF is perhaps the most adaptable framework. There are Several businesses have effectively implemented it, reaching from big data security businesses in electricity, logistics, as well as funding to minor and midsize companies. It is strongly configurable because it is a consensual framework (Krumay, Bernroider, & Walser 2018). The NIST CSF is by far the most dependable form of security for developing and refining a security infrastructure in anticipation of new features to developed rules and requirements.

Security measures

A sufficient database security measures as well as track up them to today's standards to analyze security protocols and describe policy-based restrictions used for every data level of security when measured by standardized data; high-risk information needs more sophisticated protection. Users can incorporate cyber security depending on the dangers associated if users comprehend what information individuals have or what requires to be defended are as follows:

? Implement Successful Data Storage Safety Regulations: Every organization must develop, implement, and maintain an extensive data storage security policy. To be efficient, digital storage safety measures are needed everywhere, including the workplace, portable apps, storage systems, on-premise facilities, as well as online.

? Safeguard Their Managerial Configurations: Companies frequently set measures to safeguard data as well as documents storage devices from illegal access whereas ignoring management connectivity security. This might enable the user to gain elevated special rights or an attacking player to create their roots in cultural qualifications, in addition to providing data they must not have direct exposure to.

? Install Data Loss Prevention (DLP) System: Implementing a data loss prevention (DLP) is a key of the most efficient data security standards. A data loss prevention system (DLP) recognizes, provides protection, as well as displays information over the internet and information stored in their storage facilities, including computers, laptops, tablets, smartphones, as well as other equipment (Hussain, & Hussain 2021).

? Measure User Data Authentication and authorization: In this case, another excellent way to improve data security would be to measure user data security controls. It aids in providing secure users ’ access even while retaining user rights to make sure that people only obtain information required to finish their tasks.

Recommendation of maintaining proper information security

The maintaining proper information Security and privacy protections are intended to prevent the unauthorized release of data. Here, the privacy and security mentioned principle's objective is to ensure that individual data is secured and that it can only be viewed or acquired by people who need help that training to perform their job tasks. Therefore, data security requires protection against unauthorized access (e.g., addition, deletion, or modification) (Srinivas, Das & Kumar 2019). The consistency concept is intended to confirm that info can be respected to be reliable as well as hasn’t been improperly altered. A security availability in relevant data is the prevention of structural systems with their characteristics as well as the acknowledgment, that information is entirely available and affordable during the time period or when it is needed by its participants. The objective of convenience is to assure people which data exists and use it when making a decision.

Recommendation for a plan to sustain business

In this section, Recommended for a plan to sustain the business because every organization wants to expand their business, but few recognize how and where to sustain it all in the long run or take a glance at the upcoming monthly or annual survey. Business expansion necessitates the right knowledge assets, carefully chosen partnership opportunities, and goods or both products and services that are in high supply in the business. Aside from these basics, supporting the business necessitates an allowing organization's framework in order to minimize the incidence to the long-term strategy.

? Top Skill: Without such an appropriate person, a company can develop and will struggle to maintain acceleration over time. Users are at the heart of the company because without the appropriate person, it cannot grow as well as advanced.

? Operational Efficiencies: Efficiency improvements drive down costs as well as incorporate an attitude inside the worksite community that creates cost society consciousness, as well as methods to improve how well the organization responds, performs, and integrates the data points of possibilities.

? Prospecting the Right Users: Being a businessman is more than just a job title; it was a lifestyle. To get together and detain the best opportunity - particularly ones previously unheard of or that someone doesn't see behind - users should always adopt an innovative business mind-set (Østergaard, Andersen & Sorknæs, 2022).

? Sound Decision-making process: The significance of what maximum advantage to do was to resolve issues. The primary objective of representatives is to prevent the risk of issues, which also indicates users should be brave enough then to confront them head-on.

? Excellent Leadership: The most effective people end up making impulse decisions and, as a result, have a rotating vision that observes opportunity in everything.

A brief discussion on service quality vs. security assurance

A brief overview of the service quality vs. security assurance has been analyzed into the specific framework of software, all these words are important. Service quality software implies it will perform under its characteristics and functions. Security implies that the framework would not allow confidentiality of data as well as computational capabilities. Whereas quality appears to be simpler to understand, both are slightly contextual in their evaluation. Service quality and service assurance concerns are both considered defects from those who begin taking a comprehensive approach to designing and development. A problem can be described as a "frailty as well as insufficiencies that restricts a product from becoming comprehensive, attractive, efficient, secure, or of significance, or causes it to breakdowns or underperform in its intent" by security research to improve (Obsie, Woldeamanuel & Woldetensae 2020). This procedure may pressure the application to give a response that is outside of the implementation flow's standard parameters. According to the concept of "defect," this same operating system stopped functioning or underperformed its activity. This is a flaw and falls under the classification of satisfaction. On either side, more investigation will be required to determine whether the deficiency does have a security aspect. When a user can show that manipulating this flaw in some manner to obtain unauthorized access to confidential or the system falls under the classification of privacy, this will also come under the segment of security.

On the other hand, service assurance and service quality is such a flaw is easily a logical flaw that, whereas feasibly inconvenient, doesn't generate a hack able vulnerability. The programmer can password the operating systems under the demands while still making it susceptible to Injection attacks. The linked malfunction would've been security-related, but it does represent a quality deficiency. There are most would make the argument that such a security flaw is a quality issue. A user could comfortably accommodate that type of thinking, and others would take a structure to achieve. This proves that protection is not a subsection of quality. The fact that quality and security have been operationally divided in conventional development shops contributed to the confusion. The quality assurance department, which was usually located somewhere within the management framework, had been in charge of quality (Shankar et al., 2020). This aids the programmers with quality assurance as well as testing. IT security personnel were in charge of security. There are several organizations' connections with advancement were badly described and even worse implemented. IT Security, as well as QA, might have occurred in different worlds and not recognized it. The conventional quality and security storage facilities have to come back down by necessity as development programmers have developed and agile methodologies keep taking root. Security has been incorporated into the development phase so that designers can incorporate security best practices into their code. Accordingly, designers are now jointly responsible for quality.


A brief analysis has been built on client data security to consider making insight and potential secured IT manageable conditions and proposals as painless for real users as possible while maintaining the highest security standard possible. Consider the user as a member of the CISO-Team (Chief Information Security Officer Team) of an organization with assessed 300 employees. As a result, the organization's primary focus is data analysis for health care facilities. Following that, no sensitive data regarding users, including account information, is included in this dataset. On the other hand, training for the user has been required for analysis for data security. There are recognize the risk assessment and technical methods to mitigate the assessed risk have been demonstrated. However, creating an appropriate rule for user accounts for software and the General IT system has been illustrated to measure the security in this report.


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