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HLTENN035 Practice Nursing with the Australian Health Care System Assignment Sample

1. List three (3) most common chronic health conditions facing aging people who come from countries other than Australia, and name three (3) major themes in health care contributing to their poor health conditions

Three Chronic Health Conditions

One of the chronic health conditions is hypertension.
Other issue is diabetes
Other is arthritis


One of the theme cover health cost excess and every individual is not able to afford the high quality care
This also includes Fragmented Decision Points and inconsistent principle.
Unable to obtain care because of lack of facilities.

2. Identify at least three (3) private health insurance-related companies in Australia

Medibank is one of the companies that is operating with 26.9% market share.
Bupa has 25.4% market share providing health insurances to people in Australia
HCF is one of the companies operating with11.7% market share.

3. What is the role of private health insurance in the Australian healthcare funding system?

With private health insurance, individuals may choose from a variety of medical facilities and physicians, relieving stress on the public healthcare system. The government of Australia and individuals for assignment help with private health insurance are the two main sources of funding for medical treatment in Australia. Medicare is the name of Australia national healthcare insurance programme. Medicare is a government programme in Australia that offers reduced-cost or free medical treatment to inhabitants of the country. It is funded by the taxes that each and every Australian is required to pay.

4. What are health issues and impacts for healthcare delivery in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in Australia?

Because of the prevalence of cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and respiratory diseases among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia, their population is declining at an alarming rate, which makes it challenging for them to close the obvious gap in life expectancy that exists between themselves and other Australians. In addition to the aforementioned, a number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have been subjected to inferior medical treatment, which has resulted in their being at a greater risk of dying at an earlier age than the indigenous population in Australia as a whole (Pearson et al., 2020).

5. Describe the historical perspectives of two (2) of the following roles in nursing profession

Religious Orders

Between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, a number of healthcare facilities in that period were forced to shut because there were insufficient numbers of medical professionals to care for patients. It was at this period that all women who had been convicted of committing crimes and were serving sentences were sent to nursing school in order to fill the shortage of nurses that existed at the time in the sector. This aspect of nursing was deemed appropriate for the time period in question due to the fact that it took place inside the confines of a religious order, which is where nursing care was expected to be provided in the name of Christian compassion (Bates & Memel, 2021).


During the start of the Nightingale Crimean war, which occurred somewhere between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, the Nightingale and her nurses took use of the chance to construct military hospitals of the day.

6. Outline current perspective of nursing profession based on Kelly criteria?

a. Nursing contributions to individual and social health are vital.

As a result,

b) nursing science is growing. Research is the driving force behind the expansion of nursing body of knowledge.

Nursing is a cognitive activity requiring both critical and creative thinking since it serves as the basis for delivering nursing care. Nursing pioneered and refined the nursing process, an innovative approach to clinical practise.

C. These professionals need to be educated at the university level to acquire the skills and information necessary to do their jobs effectively.

D. Although nurses do their duties on their own initiative, the majority of them operate in settings where nursing practise is reliant on the cooperation of others, especially when it comes to carrying out the directives of physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants. Employers and supervising physicians might place restrictions on what a nurse can do in the workplace.

E. Practitioners are driven to do good by a desire to help others and value their job highly in its own right. The nursing profession is not for the faint of heart. This will motivate them to provide excellent service to your customers. The code of ethics for nurses helps professionals provide a safe place for patients to recover by encouraging them to see their treatment from several angles. (Kelly & Innes, 2013).

7. State two (2) advantages and two (2) disadvantages of the Biomedical model on which the Australian Healthcare system is based on


• Increases life expectancy owing to early diagnosis and treatment

• Works really effectively with typical medical issues


• Adopting this methodology is thought to cost the government money when it comes to paying for the diagnosis and treatment of certain ailments that call for high-end technology

• Since certain diseases cannot be cured and can only be managed by behavioural adjustment, which is not supported by the biological paradigm, this approach cannot treat all diseases.

8. Describe two socio-cultural and social factors that impact health care delivery

a) Lack of Education: People who lack education are more prone to have unhealthy lives because they are unaware of the importance of good eating and exercise.

b) Low income—one factor to take into account is a person's income. People with low incomes have less access to wholesome meals and healthcare. They cannot afford to pay for clean living conditions or medical care.

c) Housing – People with health issues are more likely to reside in subpar housing.

d) Unsafe environment – People are more susceptible to risks and health issues in an unsafe setting.

9. List at least three (3) examples of each of the social, political and economic factors that impact on health care delivery.


- Lack of housing
- Food
- Supportive personal relationships


- Tax legislation
- Consumer protection
- Insurance mandates

Economic factors

- Income in terms of making healthy choices
- Income to afford the healthcare
- Employment conditions to access to medical care

10. Research and describe two (2) issues on the current health policy agenda in Australia

Urbanizations and health problems

Numerous health issues have arisen as a result of increased urbanisation in many industrialised countries, making it more difficult for governments to design wholesome and long-lasting communities.

Problems in the field of medical research

Medical innovations have traditionally been made in Australia via research. Surprisingly, Australia lacks the following essential organisations and connections among stakeholders needed to combine national health and medical research plans (ii) Aligning medical research with goals for the country's health (iii) strategic goals for allocating limited research funding

11. Outline four (4) principles of primary health care and two (2) principles of tertiary health care in

All five forms of health care are available to all customers, regardless of where they live. Immunization, clean water and sanitation, prenatal and pediatric care, health education, and the management of infectious diseases are all part of health promotion. The primary goal of health promotion is to reduce the need for curative and rehabilitative care.

Care that is commensurate with the community economic, cultural, and social development is shown through the use of appropriate technology. The phrase "public participation" refers to the practise of encouraging patients to take an active role in making decisions about their own health care, as well as the health care needs of their community and the relative merits of various approaches to addressing those needs.

Tertiary care

Hospices and rehabilitation centres are examples of tertiary care settings. The goals of tertiary care are to make the latter stages of life as pleasant as possible for patients who have reached that point and to help patients recover fully after surgery or illness.

12. Discuss the four non-traditional approaches to health and their places in contemporary nursing practice?

1. Body-based and manipulative techniques

- it involves moving one or more bodily parts in order to promote healing and wellness. Examples include massage, reflexology, osteopathic and chiropractic adjustments, Rolfing, the Alexander method, craniosacral treatment, and Trager bodywork.

2. Mind-body therapy

- it a collection of therapies that pay attention to how social, mental, emotional, behavioural, and spiritual variables interact and affect one health.

3. Energy drugs

- It relies on a number of traditions to support the idea that illnesses are caused by subtle energy disturbances.

4. Biologically-Based Practices - it makes use of natural resources like food, vitamins, and herbs to strengthen, balance, and cure the body. Examples include probiotics, functional foods, dietary supplements (such vitamins), prebiotics, fatty acids, herbal items, and amino acids.

13. Outline the functions of Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation.

The Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation (ANMF) helps shape policy in the areas of nursing and midwifery practise, professionalism, regulation, education, training, workforce development, socioeconomic welfare, health and ageing, community services, veterans' affairs, occupational health and safety, labour relations, and social justice. The main national association and professional organisation for nurses and midwives in Australia is called the Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation (ANMF) (Verrall et al., 2015).

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