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CSE2HUM Ethical Issue on Current Cyber Context Assignment Sample

In this assignment, you will be provided with two context briefs. You will be required to select one for your analysis and complete the tasks below (1 & 2). As much as possible, focus on the details provided in the brief. Where information is not provided but integral to your analysis, make reasonable assumptions (which should be clearly stated and explained). (Note: You must clearly specify the selected context brief in your report,

Risk Assessment Report


Identify and discuss at least three cyber security risks faced by the organization. Since the organizations are based in Australia, the discussion must identify;

1. Where these threats are most likely to originate (outside Australia and within)?
2. Who those threat actors might be?
3. What are the key drivers, or motivations behind those threats?
4. Do ideological, cultural, political, social, economic factors influence those motivations?
5. What kind of vulnerabilities they might exploit?
Please note as this is an important part: The course is “Human Factors in Cyber Security” , therefore you must relate the vulnerabilities to the concepts taught during week 3,4,5, and 6, including but not limited to; personality types, limitations of human cognition, types of learning – associative and non- associative, conditioning – operant and classical, Pierre Bourdieus theory of practice (capital; habitus; field; practice).

2. Cyber Security Awareness Plans


Once you have identified the risks in part one.

1. Describe detailed steps to counter those threats by designing a cyber security awareness plan.
2. The plan must contain a general cyber security awareness campaign for all the participants of the organization.
3. The plan must also identify awareness campaigns for specific groups of people with specific job roles (These are for people in the job roles that are either privy to important assets/data or manage key operations).
4. You must think and address the following aspects while designing the plan:
a. Tools, and mechanisms to ensure maximum impact?
b. Cultural, economic, social, ideological, or political factors which you think might impact the content and/or communications.
c. Can techniques such as personality type identification, conditioning (operant and classical), habitus, learning types (associative and non- associative), be used to deliver an effective plan?
d. Can ethnography be used for developing such plans?



The following study will aim to identify three potential cyber security threats that might occur with the Australian-based hospital. A cyber security awareness plan will also be developed in order to address the identified threats.

Risk assessment report for assignment help -

Cyber security risks and origination of the risk

Malware attack: Attackers make use of different types of methods to input malware into a device and this is mainly done by social engineers (Gunduz and Das, 2020). In order to input malware into a device, the attacker might develop a link containing malware and as the operator of the device click on that link.

Denial-of-service: The main objective of a denial-of-service attack is mainly to overwhelm a target system’s resources and make its functions and operations stop and also deny access to the system to the user.

Password attacks: A hacker can obtain an individual's user credentials by monitoring the network connection, employing social engineering, guessing, or gaining access to a password database (Coventry and Branley, 2018). A hacker can 'predict' a password in a systematic or random manner.

The attack might originate within Australia and also outside Australia since most hackers do not require the actual system to hack it, they can also do it remotely.

Identification of threat actors

Lack of proper security: Cyber security risks often occur when there is a lack of security assurance (Happa, Glencross and Steed, 2019). People handling passwords and storing data in the hospital’s cloud system need to have the proper knowledge regarding how they can assure the security of the system and the files stored in the system. In the hospital, there are various patients who ask for passwords and one among them might have the skills to hack the system using the password.

Vulnerabilities in systems: Cybercriminals often hack systems that have a weak spot. It makes it easy for hackers to attack a system that has weak cyber security systems installed or when the cyber security system is out of date (Happa, Glencross and Steed, 2019). If the password of the operating system is weak, hackers can easily predict the password and attack the system. Hence, it is important to keep cyber security up to date.

Key motivations and drivers behind the threat

The hospital contains the data and information of many patients and hackers who want to hack the system might have a certain purpose in mind before hacking the system (King et al., 2018). Hacking the operating system of a hospital will provide a hacker with all the data regarding the patients and also the hacker will get access to raw data and information about the hospital. If the hacker has the motivation of leaking sensitive data regarding patients or the hospital, this might act as a key driver or motivator behind the attack.

Influencing factors in motivation

There is a huge cache that economic, political, social, ideologically and cultural factors might be one of the prime influencing factors behind the motivations. Hackers hacking the system might be culturally or ideologically influenced to do so. The influence of any political party or social group also might influence the hacker to attack the system (Nurse, 2018). Accessing data about the hospital and selling the data will also bring in some money which might be an economical factor behind the attack.

Potential vulnerabilities

The potential vulnerabilities referring to Bourdieu's theory of practice that might occur include the influence of habitus which indicates that individuals with their resources and nature react differently in different situations (Nurse, 2018). Bourdieu also talks about misrecognition as a potential vulnerability in this case.

Cyber security awareness plan

Modern society is much more technologically dependent than ever before, and numerous areas of our being, such as power, businesses, rule of law, security, and so on, are highly influenced by technology (Mashiane, Dlamini and Mahlangu, 2019). As a result, cyber security becomes critical for preventing the misuse of these sources of data and IT infrastructure.

The steps that will be included in the cyber security awareness plan of the hospital in order to address the threats that the organisation might face include:

- No employee of the hospital should click on any link before verifying its authenticity of the link.

- The password of the Wi-fi must be changed from time to time.

- The installed cyber security must be up-to-date (Zwilling et al., 2022).

- If any suspicious cyber activity is witnessed, it must be reported immediately.

- The networks used by the staff must be protected using well-developed cyber security since staff mainly input the data of patients.

- The desktop and iPads given to the doctors and nurses must be protected by strong passwords and the web activity must be checked from time to time.

- The cloud storage of the hospital also needs to be protected using well-developed cyber-security (Sabillon, 2018).

The behaviour modification theory can also be referred to for enhancing the knowledge of the employees of the hospital regarding cyber security. The behaviour modification theory will help in enhancing the behaviour and develop the actions of the employees and make them more aware regarding cuber security. If the entire workforce becomes more aware and alert regarding the importance of cyber security, the organisation will be able to achieve good outcomes with respect to cyber security.

The receptionists and other staff must have basic knowledge regarding cyber security so that they can identify and report any suspicious activity to the higher authority. The doctor and the nurses must keep their devices with them all the time in order to prevent the device from being stolen or used without consent (Hepfer and Powell, 2020). The staff involved with data entry must be well-aware of how to protect the data files so that the data can be prevented from being manipulated or stolen.

The tools and techniques that will be mostly included in this plan include the installation of antivirus software, firewall tools, penetration testing technique, packet sniffers and encryption tools. Conditioning, personality type identification, learning types and habitus techniques can also be used. Ethnography can be used to address economic, political, social, ideologically and cultural factors.


It can hence be concluded from the above study that the cyber security threats identified in the study might negatively affect the organisation and sensitive patient data and data of the hospital can be accessed by the hacker if there is an abuse of proper cyber security. The cyber security plan will be quite helpful in addressing the identified threats.

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