NSG3101 Rehabilitation and Community Cares Assignment Sample
ASSESSMENT OVERVIEW AND REQUIREMENTS
“National Health Priority Areas (NHPAs) were established in response to the World Health Organization’s Global Strategy of Health for All by the year 2000 and sought to focus public attention and health policy on these areas that were considered to contribute significantly to the burden of disease in Australia" AIHW (2018). The NHPAs currently consists of nine priority areas in relation to health and chronic disease.
To demonstrate your understanding of the National Health Priority Areas in relation to chronic disease, you are required to complete Parts A & B of this assessment as outlined below.
Part A of this assessment requires you to work collaboratively in groups of 3. Each member of the group will work individually on either sections 1,2 or 3 to produce a 1000-word document that will form part of the overall presentation report. Which member of the group does which section is up to you as a group to decide.
Your individual report must be evidence-based, use current literature and use APA 7th referencing style. A minimum of 10 references is required, and references must be no older than five years except if required they come from required or recommended textbooks.
You will need to research, identify and discuss the following in your report for assignment help
Section 1 - The Australian National Health Priorities
This section should include the following:
1. Discussion of the Australian National Health Priorities, when were they formulated and why?
2. An outline of the priority areas in relation to chronic conditions and prevalence of disease in each relevant chronic disease priority area using current data and
statistics to support your discussion.
3. A brief discussion of the National Strategic Framework for chronic illness used to coordinate the management of Chronic Disease in Australia.
The National Health Priority Area is an initiative that is formed from a collaborative effort that includes the State, the Territory, and the Commonwealth of Australia. This particular health priority seeks to put focus on health policy and public attention on the areas that are deemed to significantly contribute to the disease burden that exists in Australia (Simpson et al., 2021). After years of analysis and decisions, the Health Ministers of Australia decided to formulate a plan which would mainly focus on paying attention to typical public health concerns that exist in the country. After researching the critical health emergencies that exist in the country, this particular health priority plan was formulated.
This plan was formulated in the areas where it has a potential for gain in health (Littlejohns et al., 2018). It was identified while negotiating this plan that there are main health concerns that exist in the country. This National Health priority was implemented in 2000. The main reason behind the formulation of this particular health policy was to ensure the health and safety of the general public. This plan was implemented as an initiative to help in reducing the rates of chronic conditions among the people of Australia. This plan was crafted with the intention of eliminating the diseases that are a burden to the country.
The Australian government realized that there are various diseases that exist in the country which are still not given proper attention and cure. Diseases like mental health issues are still considered to be taboo in many places of the world. Australia wanted to take this initiative in formulating a health care plan that will mainly focus on the diseases that are still undercover and lacking proper care (Bik-Multanowska et al., 2022). This plan will help millions of people in getting better treatment and cure remedies for those diseases that fall under the nine areas of priority.
Chronic disease is known as a condition that commonly lasts for one or more years, and it requires ongoing treatment and medical attention and also limits the activities of regular living(Seaton et al., 2019). There are various types of chronic diseases that exist in Australia, which is a burden to the country as it takes away the lives of many each year. People suffering from chronic conditions suffer both physically and mentally. Chronic conditions in cumulative forms are also known as non-communicable diseases. Non-communicable diseases have a mortality rate of 41 million per year which contributes to 71% of the total death rates. There are various types of chronic conditions that contribute to the total death rates in Australia. In the year 2014-2015, more than 3% of the total population of Australia reported having Coronary health conditions for a long period of time (Engelman et al., 2019). It is estimated that more than 1.7 million Australians are diabetic patients. This data represents the number of patients who are registered and known. Cancer is considered to be a major illness in Australia, and it has a substantial economic and social impact on the life of the individual who suffers from this illness (Nisar et al., 2021). Asthma is more common in the 0-14 age group male among which females above the age of 15 have asthma more percent (Xu, Jones & Mishra, 2020).
Figure 1: Yearly date rates in Australia due to chronic conditions
Source: (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2022)
The priority areas of chronic conditions include adherence to medication, behavioral modification, and seeking mental care. It is identified in the NHPAs that various modifications are needed to be implemented in the country's medical system so that chronic conditions can be treated. The priority areas in adherence to medication ensure that all the citizens of Australia are provided with proper medication. Behaviouralmodificationsaim in to increase or decrease a certain type of reaction or behavior. Seeking mental care is considered to be a priority due to the fact that many Australians suffer from mental illnesses that are undiagnosed.
The National Framework is helping millions of Australian with health literacy, health workforce, extensive research, governance and leadership, and data and information regarding various chronic conditions. The initiative from the side of the National Framework is helping in reducing the rates of chronic conditions by providing them with health assistance and proper treatment so that the recovery rate can be increased. It is also identified that a lot of proper management practice is required in order to manage the way the health system in Australia works. The National Framework ensures that every chronic condition should be treated well, and it is the responsibility of the health system to ensure that effective medication is provided to all. The framework identifies all the citizens who are suffering from some type of chronic condition and then aims to diagnose that person with medication that will be provided by the Australian health system.
Figure 2: Percentage of people suffering from chronic conditions in Australia
Source: (Abc, 2022)
The National Framework for treating chronic conditions in Australia is an overarching document policy that is formulated especially for chronic conditions that exist in the country (Cardoso, Reis & Manzanares-Céspedes, 2018). This particular framework outlines the outcomes and directions through which the Australian people can be helped, and their lives can be made healthier. This can be achieved by following effective management and prevention strategies that are marked under the chronic conditions identified by the NHPAs. This particular framework moves across a disease-centric approach and helps in providing national directions and strategies that are applicable to a variety of chronic conditions. With the help of recognizing that various other similar principles that underlie the management and prevention of chronic disease do exist. This particular framework is considered to be an effective resource for every player in the space of chronic conductions (Hajat & Stein, 2018). This particular framework was crafted with the intention of providing strategic and effective measures that will aim to make the lives of the Australian people safer and healthier.
Abc. (2022). Australia's Health 2016: Australians living longer but with more chronic disease. Abc. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-09-14/australia-health-2016-report-card/7844002.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2022). The health of Australia’s females, Chronic conditions - Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/female-health/contents/how-healthy/chronic-conditions
Bik-Multanowska, K., Mikocka-Walus, A., Fernando, J., & Westrupp, E. (2022). Mental distress of parents with chronic diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia: A prospective cohort study. Journal of psychosomatic research, 152, 110688. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8665692/
Cardoso, E. M., Reis, C., & Manzanares-Céspedes, M. C. (2018). Chronic periodontitis, inflammatory cytokines, and interrelationship with other chronic diseases. Postgraduate Medicine, 130(1), 98-104. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00325481.2018.1396876
Dempsey, P. C., Matthews, C. E., Dashti, S. G., Doherty, A. R., Bergouignan, A., van Roekel, E. H., ... & Lynch, B. M. (2020). Sedentary behavior and chronic disease: mechanisms and future directions. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 17(1), 52-61. https://www.sochob.cl/web1/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/Sedentary-Behavior-and-Chronic-Disease-Mechanisms-and-Future-Directions.pdf
Engelman, D., Cantey, P. T., Marks, M., Solomon, A. W., Chang, A. Y., Chosidow, O., & Steer, A. C. (2019). The public health control of scabies: priorities for research and action. The Lancet, 394(10192), 81-92. https://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4653773/1/2018%20Scabies%20review%20v12.pdf
Hajat, C., & Stein, E. (2018). The global burden of multiple chronic conditions: a narrative review. Preventive medicine reports, 12, 284-293. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211335518302468
Littlejohns, P., Kieslich, K., Weale, A., Tumilty, E., Richardson, G., Stokes, T., ... & Scuffham, P. (2018). Creating sustainable health care systems: Agreeing social (societal) priorities through public participation. Journal of health organization and management, 33(1), 18-34. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/JHOM-02-2018-0065/full/html
Nisar, M., Kolbe-Alexander, T. L., Burton, N. W., & Khan, A. (2021). A Longitudinal Assessment of Risk Factors and Chronic Diseases among Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Adults in Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(16), 8621. https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/16/8621
Seaton, P., Levett-Jones, T., Cant, R., Cooper, S., Kelly, M. A., McKenna, L., ... & Bogossian, F. (2019). Exploring the extent to which simulation-based education addresses contemporary patient safety priorities: A scoping review. Collegian, 26(1), 194-203. https://d1wqtxts1xzle7.cloudfront.net/67726397/pdf-with-cover-page-v2.pdf?Expires=1650448162&Signature=ETnSyFJmViNOZdeQ35V8X-Ub8Bhe7afpPpzDsyPWSMeabb5Szi8d7DIhaMUE9SAgGwLuoA~MQmBKVrgZxQ-0TAIPuVQ~4H1FGiiJgQjQ4uQTp~1fdmi83izq6irhNxb5UJPKlA-lR32rdHlmphqgLjUSujGLx8wyS7lUO2KxyIcOdOmOxcNk5silIWDrbMBOndmBsGxeRfu53QWFx-XEe3z5AlJdSiftQz8BGSr8FDzA09-7zorB2wY1MzFBLHHR-5Ij9Vm7-o9f~BsTJ42pOuwDmdLxjVJZW8xl8auL1VooeXILfh-bxs0vuGtAQndQu~-N2PyhGTNgIQToR0nG-Q__&Key-Pair-Id=APKAJLOHF5GGSLRBV4ZA
Simpson, P. L., Guthrie, J., Jones, J., & Butler, T. (2021). Identifying research priorities to improve the health of incarcerated populations: results of citizens' juries in Australian prisons. The Lancet Public Health, 6(10), e771-e779. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2468266721000505
Xu, X., Jones, M., & Mishra, G. D. (2020). Age at natural menopause and development of chronic conditions and multimorbidity: results from an Australian prospective cohort. Human Reproduction, 35(1), 203-211. https://www.erkenmenopoz.com/konu/dosyalar/menopoz_makale_ozetleri/ocak2020_5.pdf