× Limited Time Offer ! FLAT 30-40% off - Grab Deal Before It’s Gone. Order Now
Connect With Us
Order Now

MN623 Cyber Security and Analytics Assignment Sample

Assignment Brief

Assessment Title- Implementation and evaluation of penetration testing tools
Purpose of the assessment (with ULO Mapping)

This assignment assesses the following Unit Learning Outcomes; students should be able to demonstrate their achievements in them.

• Analyse cyber security vulnerabilities using ethical hacking methodologies.

Weight - 5%
Total Marks - 50 Marks
Word limit - 750 to 1000 words
Due Date Assignment 1- Week 3, 11:59 pm, 10/4/2022

Submission Guidelines

• Submit Assignment 1 in a word document in week3.

• All work must be submitted on Moodle by the due date

• The assignment must be in MS Word format, 1.5 spacing, 11-pt Calibri (Body) font and 2 cm margins on all four sides of your page with appropriate section headings.

• Reference sources must be cited in the text of the report and listed appropriately at the end in a reference list using IEEE Transactions on networking referencing style.

• Students must ensure before submission of final version of the assignment that the similarity percentage as computed by Turnitin must be less than 10% Assignments.

Purpose of Assignment

Assignment 1 is based on analysing cyber security vulnerabilities using ethical hacking methodologies and evaluating security testing tools. The students will explore skills in Ethical Hacking/Penetration testing by describing how weakness in the system can be exploited to hack a target system using security testing tools.

Assignment Structure and Submission Guidelines for Assignment Help

Assignment 1 is a formative assessment, and it focuses on the importance of penetration testing, industry leading tools used for penetration testing and a review of security testing tools. Students will be required to choose two security testing tools for further evaluation.

Assignment Tasks

1) Explain the different reasons and benefits of conducting penetration testing. (5 Marks)
2) What are some regulatory requirements for penetration testing? (5 Marks)
3) Present the industry leading tools used for penetration testing. (5 Marks)
4) Review three security testing tools. (10 Marks)
5) Choose two security testing tool and evaluate them. (10 Marks)
6) Describe how the two security testing tools can be used to exploit cyber security vulnerabilities and hack the system. (10 Marks)
7) References (5 Marks)


Implementation and evaluation of penetration testing tools


Penetration testing even termed as pen testing or ethical hacking is a launch of intentional cyber-attacks that look towards vulnerabilities that is exploitable in the computer system, websites and other applications. The aim of the assignment is to focus on the utility of penetration testing, the leading tools in the industry that is used for it and the evaluation of such tools.

Different reasons and benefits of penetration testing

• Conformity to Industry Codes and Procedures - One of the most significant advantages of penetration testing is that it meets the legal and management requirements stated in business laws and standards such as FISMA, ISO 2700, PCI, and HIPAA. Pen-testing can establish how a hacker obtained sensitive information and intellectual goods [5]. Furthermore, if a corporation employs pen-testing for constant inspection and validation and ensure the privacy of credit card information.

• A Penetration reveals critical flaws - A Penetration test should be performed once a year to look for key vulnerabilities in IT assets. Various methods and technologies can test IT assets to detect which security flaws are in the system [3].

• Provide a prospect to fix vulnerabilities - Once a company has identified the vulnerabilities, security specialists can start repairing the significant problems in the networks and apps [3].

Some of the regulations that apply to penetration testing

• GDPR - The one rule that affects practically every organization. The GDPR addresses many areas of data security, but one of its many mandates is that businesses that manage private information strengthen cybersecurity and accountability. GDPR Article 32, in particular, requires firms to establish a "method for regularly testing, measuring and assessing the efficacy of technical and institutional safeguards for preserving data handling protection.

• ISO 27001- A member of the ISO/IEC set of guidelines is a global data security standard that defines a management structure for Security Management System (ISMS). Organizations must establish a suite of security protocols to prevent and resolve potential risks throughout their networking, and ensure they satisfy evolving safety needs account to get licensed.

• PCI DSS – This is a series of minimal rules created to aid businesses in safeguarding client card information. All businesses that accept or handle electronic card payments must conduct an annual PCI safety check to achieve compliance.

Industry-leading tools used for penetration testing

? Netsparker – This is a major web application for automated pen-testing. The program can catch everything, including cross-site programming to SQL injection. Programmers can use this tool on web pages, online services, and web applications.

? Wireshark - Wireshark is a network scanner that has 500 writers. Programmers can use this application to record and analyze data packets swiftly. The software is open and accessible, and it is useful for a range of computer systems, including Microsoft, Solaris, FreeBSD, and Unix [4].

? Metasploit - This assists pro players in verifying and monitoring security audits, bringing awareness, and arming and empowering attackers to keep up with the competition. It is beneficial for evaluating the safety and identifying faults, as well as for establishing a defense. The technology allows social engineers to recreate web pages [4].

Evaluation of the three security testing tools

• John The Ripper Password Cracker - Passwords are amongst the most common vulnerabilities. Username and passwords can be used by criminals to obtain identities and gain access to sensitive systems. John the Ripper should be a must tool for password protection and offers a variety of systems for this purpose [6].

• Aircrack – The tool is intended to break weaknesses in wireless connections by collecting data packets and transferring them via text files for study. This program is compatible with various operating systems, including windows, and supports WEP dos attacks. It outperforms most other penetrating tools in tracking performance and supports multiple devices and adapters.

• W3af - W3af web application exploitation and auditing modules are designed to detect security flaws in all web apps. There are three types of WordPress plugins: attacker, auditing, and detection [6]. The program then sends these to the audit tool, which checks for security concerns.

Selection of two security tools and assessment

W3af is a Web application security scanner and exploiting software. W3af is separated into two sections: the core and plugins. It delivers security vulnerability information for use in vulnerability scanning operations. The scanner has both a visual and a command-line interface. Fast HTTP queries, incorporation of web and proxies’ services into the script, injecting payloads into different kinds of HTTP requests, and so on are among its characteristics. It runs on Linux, Apple Mac OS X, and Microsoft Windows and has a command-line interface [2].

Aircrack-ng is a comprehensive set of criteria for assessing WiFi network cybersecurity. It includes a wide range of aspects of WiFi security: Attacking, Testing, Monitoring, and Cracking. All tools are command-line interface only, allowing for extensive programming. This functionality has been used by a large number of graphical user interfaces. It runs mostly on Linux and Windows, macOS, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, and Solaris. In hacking, developers can de-authenticate, create phony entry points, and launch replay assaults [1] [7]. To use AirCrack-ng correctly, programmers must catch certain packets, which must be acquired via the WiFi network adapter. Depending on whatever PC card developers have to install, guidelines for various cards and software are needed.

Utilization of the two security testing tools and the manner in which they exploit cyber security vulnerabilities
Aircrack is performed to demonstrate the existence of vulnerabilities and the potential damage that could be caused if these flaws were exploited. It also supports recording and injection, which is essential for evaluating network cards and their performance [1]. Furthermore, IT professionals can use it to assess the dependability of WPA-PSK and WEP keys. It also performs additional activities such as detecting fraudulent access points, evaluating controller capacities and WiFi cards, etc. Here's how AirCrack security testing tools could be used to attack cyber security flaws and hack the device.

On the other hand, W3af includes plugins that connect. For instance, in w3af, the identification plugin searches for various URLs to test for flaws and provides them to the auditing plugins, which further search for flaws. Through its Intuitive and Automatic requests generating features, it alleviates some of the hassles associated with manual web applications. It can also be set up to act as a MITM gateway. It also includes features for finding loopholes that it discovers. Here's how W3af security testing tools could be used to attack cyber security flaws and hack the device.


The aim of the assignment was to focus on the utility of penetration testing and the usage of the security tools in the industry. From the complete assignment it can be concluded that pen testing is a security exercise and have significant advantages. Moreover, security tools helps in combating the issues and attack security flaws. The selection of the same depends on the user.


[1]. G. Kaur and N. Kaur, "Penetration Testing - Reconnaissance with NMAP Tool," International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science, vol. 8, (3), 2017. Available: https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/penetration-testing-reconnaissance-with-nmap-tool/docview/1901458135/se-2?accountid=30552.

[2]. J. D. Kramer and T. J. Wagner U.S.A.F., "DEVELOPMENTAL TEST and REQUIREMENTS: Best Practices of Successful INFORMATION SYSTEMS USING AGILE METHODS," Defense AR Journal, vol. 26, (2), pp. 128-150, 2019. Available: https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/developmental-test-requirements-best-practices/docview/2214889819/se-2?accountid=30552. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22594/dau.19-819.26.02.

[3] J. V. Olson, "Software Validation: Can an FDA-Regulated Company Use Automated Testing Tools?" Journal of Validation Technology, vol. 18, (3), pp. 49-51, 2012. Available: https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/software-validation-can-fda-regulated-company-use/docview/1055111478/se-2?accountid=30552.

[4]. S. Zhou et al, "Autonomous Penetration Testing Based on Improved Deep Q-Network," Applied Sciences, vol. 11, (19), pp. 8823, 2021. Available: https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/autonomous-penetration-testing-based-on-improved/docview/2580965017/se-2. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/app11198823.

[5]. T. M. Chen, "Reinforcement Learning for Efficient Network Penetration Testing," Information, vol. 11, (1), pp. 6, 2020. Available: https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/reinforcement-learning-efficient-network/docview/2548413764/se-2. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/info11010006.

[6]. X. C. Li, D. Farson and R. Richardson, "Weld penetration control system design and testing," J. Manuf. Syst., vol. 19, (6), pp. 383-392, 2000. Available: https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/weld-penetration-control-system-design-testing/docview/197657176/se-2?accountid=30552.

[7]. Z. Ren et al, "Study on practical voltage secondary loop testing tool," IOP Conference Series.Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 354, (1), 2019. Available: https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/study-on-practical-voltage-secondary-loop-testing/docview/2558041287/se-2. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/354/1/012090.

Fill the form to continue reading

Download Samples PDF