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Task Summary

Reflecting on your initial report (A2), the organisation has decided to continue to employ you for the next phase: risk analysis and development of the mitigation plan.

The organisation has become aware that the Australia Government (AG) has developed strict privacy requirements for business. The company wishes you to produce a brief summary of these based on real- world Australian government requirements (similar to how you used real-world information in A2 for the real-world attack).

These include the Australian Privacy Policies (APPs) especially the requirements on notifiable data breaches. The APP wants you to examine these requirements and advise them on their legal requirements. Also ensure that your threat list includes attacks on customer data breaches. The company wishes to know if the GDPR applies to them. The word count for this assessment is 2,500 words (±10%), not counting tables or figures. Tables and figures must be captioned (labelled) and referred to by caption. Caution: Items without a caption may be treated as if they are not in the report. Be careful not to use up word count discussing cybersecurity basics. This is not an exercise in summarizing your class notes, and such material will not count towards marks. You can cover theory outside the classes.


Assessment 3 (A3) is in many ways a continuation of A2. You will start with the threat list from A2, although feel free to make changes to the threat list if it is not suitable for A3. You may need to include threats related to privacy concerns. Beginning with the threat list:

- You need to align threats/vulnerabilities, as much as possible, with controls.
- Perform a risk analysis and determine controls to be employed.
- Combine the controls into a project of mitigation.
- Give advice on the need for ongoing cybersecurity, after your main mitigation steps.


- You must use the risk matrix approach covered in classes. Remember risk = likelihood x consequence.

- You should show evidence of gathering data on likelihood, and consequence, for each threat identified. You should briefly explain how this was done.

- At least one of the risks must be so trivial and/or expensive to control that you decide not to use it (in other words, in this case, accept the risk). At least one of the risks, but obviously not all.

- Provide cost estimates for the controls, including policy or training controls. You can make up these values but try to justify at least one of the costs (if possible, use links to justify costs).



A mitigation plan is a method where has a risk factored that helps to progress action and various options. Therefore, it also helps to provide opportunities and decreases the threat factors to project objectives. In the section, the researcher is going to discuss threat analysis using matrix methods, threats and controls also mitigation schemes. For Assignment Help, thread model refers to a structural representation of the collected data based on the application security. Essentially, it is a perception of different applications as well as their environment in terms of security. On the other hand, it can be said that the thread model is a process of structure that mainly focused on the potential scheme of the security of threats as well as vulnerabilities. Apart from that, the threat model includes the quality of seriousness of each thread that is identified in this industry. Besides that, it also ensures the particular techniques which can be used for mitigating these issues or threads. Threat modeling has several significant steps which must be followed for mitigating the threads in cybercrimes.

Body of the Report

Threat Analysis

The threat is a system that is generally used for determining the components of the systems. There have highly needed to protect data and various types of security threats. The threat analysis is affected to identify information and several physical assets of different organizations. The organization should understand the powerful threats as organizational assets that enhance the mitigation plan for threat reports (Dias et al. 2019).

The various organizations determine the effects of economical losses using qualitative and quantitative threat analysis. The threat analysis assures potential readiness which has a crucial risk factor to process any project. There have some important steps in threat analysis such as recognizing the cause of risk factors or threats. After that, categorize the threats and make a profile that is community-based. The third step is determining the weaknesses after that makes some scenarios along with applying them. Finally, it is making a plan for emergency cases.

Threat analysis is mainly followed by risk matrix concepts for carrying forwarding the mitigation plan for a research report. There have four types of mitigation strategies such as acceptance, transformation, limitation, and risk factor avoidances (Allodi & Massacci, 2017).


Table 1: Risk matrix methods
(Source: Self-created)

Cyber Hacking

The hacker hacks data on the food company JBS. The food company is one of the largest meat and processing food organization in Australia. For this reason, it is a crucial issue in Australia, So that the authority of the company is worried about cyber hacking. Moreover, it is criminal behavior according to the company. Therefore, it takes a major time almost four months to mitigate the condition. Moreover, it is a threat for t5he JBS Food Company.

Data Leakage

Leaking data is a very basic challenge and issue for the food company. It deteriorates the services of the food company. The inner employees are related to this type of activity. The company cannot keep faith in the employees who work s these types of activities. This is a crucial threat for the company that needs to fix quickly so that the company can survive from this type of activity (Scully, 2011). Moreover, it is a misunderstanding feature between the authority and the employees. Therefore, it takes 25 days to fix all issues to mitigate the condition of the food company.

Insider Threat

There have a very high chances to leak data that are done from the employees of the food company JBS. It is an inner threat that continues to carry forward more or less or several times. Insider threats can damage the inner cultures of the company where employees and management both are suffered due to the data leaking processes. Sometimes it is a company's failure so that the management cannot handle the entire capability or bonding of the company. Therefore, it takes adequate time almost 2 months to mitigate the condition. However, it sometimes could not be controlled by the authorities.


Phishing is a secret code or sensitive information that should be hidden from entire workers of the food company FBS in Australia. Moreover, it is a trustworthy contact that needs to hide for securing information about the largest food company in Australia. There are chances of high risks in the systems. So that it takes 65 days to mitigate the condition of the company.

Threats and Controls

“Recent research on the usability of security technologies — often termed HCISEC (joining human-computer interaction with security) — tries to put humans in the loop and views usability as a key component for both accepting security technologies and using them correctly” (Wagner et al., 2019). There have major threats in the mitigation plan that needs to be controlled for balancing the inner condition of the company FBS foods company in Australia. Providing Cyber security to keep secure the data or information is the main motive of the company. Data tempering, information disclosures, and repudiation threats are major parts of cyber security. Data tempering is generally used for exposing data or information of the food company FBS. Data tampering is mainly noticed as the risk factor so that it can help to delete all the files which have various details as a document. Data tampering is one of the major cyber threats that can leak private and sensitive information to third parties.

It is an unauthorized and international act that needs to be eradicated by data scientists as soon as possible. It can change the entire pattern of a dataset. It can also delete some important files and accuse anomalies in those important datasets. Hackers can eavesdrop while any important conversions are going on by applying this method. It has caused major problems in large-scale business organizations. The major risk that involves data tampering is that any important message can get altered by filters and the useful information which is present in that message can get deleted by third parties (Ivanov & Dolgui, 2020).

Information disclosure which is known as information leakage is one of the major issues that can cause cyber attacks (Oosthoek & Doerr, 2021). It can intentionally reveal sensitive information to the users of any social media platform. It can hamper the privacy of a person. It can leak information to the hackers and that can cause major troubles for an organization or for a person as well. It can disclose financial information to potential hackers and that can be a severe issue. So everyone needs to be aware of using a website before putting any kind of information in it. A repudiation threat may happen when the user does not have a proper adoption in controlling the log-in and log-off actions. It can cause data manipulation and that can cause severe problems for a person or for an organization as well. Forging the users to take new actions so they can easily make the log-based activities can also be caused by repudiation threats. For example, it can be said if a user tries to use some illegal actions to check the disability of their system then that can be problematic and can be counted as a cyber attack.

Business impacts analysis is a very crucial part of controlling risk factors or challenges on behalf of the company. It is beneficial for the food company FBS who secures their issues via the concepts in mitigation threat plans. On the other hand, the company needs to maintain strategies so that the management can recover from the various challenges that face the risk threat of a mitigation plan. A recovery plan works as a backup plan that fixes the entire challenges of controls various issues in risk threat management of mitigation plans. Recovery exercises play a great role in recovering from such conditions. Therefore, third-party suppliers sometimes help to control these types of issues in risk threat management. Although the company needs various times to control the condition so that the management can maintain several kinds of challenges that arise in the company due to various reasons. The food company needs to use advanced technologies or various policies so that it can control all threats in mitigation plans (Gius et al. 2018).

Mitigation Scheme


Malware is considered the most important threat as this threat attacks mainly the network system and it is harmful to information disclosure. Simply it can be said that Malware is an intrusive software specially designed for damaging or destroying the computer system and the outcome of this threat is loss of important data from the computer system. For m mitigating this threat, the computer system should be kept updated as well as other excessive links or documents should not be downloaded in the computer system (Aslan & Samet 2020). Apart from that, for mitigating the attacks of this threat it should make sure that the computer system should have a good backup for removing this threat from the system. Besides this, a scanner must be used for identifying the issue for this threat and set a watchman to resist the attack of this that. For mitigating the attacks of this threat the user must be aware and have a good knowledge of this threat.


Figure 1: Mitigation techniques of Malware threat
(Source: Self-created)


This thread is very harmful to the computer system as this threat mainly attacks Email and this threat can be mainly found in large business organizations. For mitigation of this threat, the users should be aware of this threat and also know the mitigation techniques. To detect this threat user must be aware of the URL classification scheme, loss estimation as well as strategies for mitigating this risk factor from the computer system (El Aassal et al. 2020). In the scheme of URL classification, the user should know the JAVA script and HTML features.


Table 1: Mitigation of Phishing threat
(Source: Self-Created)

MitM Attacks

The man in the middle attacks mainly on the network system of the computer system which h is the main cause of the information disclosure as well as security systems. This threat is mainly found in the business of E-commerce as well as financial commerce. This threat mainly creates a barrier between the user and the server (Lahmadi et al. 2020). The attack of the following threat can be mitigated by using a VPN which is very helpful for encrypting the web traffic. Apart from that, by connecting only with secured Wi-Fi routers one can mitigate the attack of this threat.


Table 2: Mitigation of MitM Attacks
(Source: Self-Created)

DOS Attack

DOS attack is one of the most significant threats for the computer system as this threat is gradually emerging in network security. This threat is mainly found in high-profile business organizations and it mainly attacks the network system and stops all the services of the network. This threat can be mitigated by monitoring network traffic as well as analyzing it properly (Dwivedi, Vardhan, & Tripathi 2020). The basic detection policy for this threat is to examine all the packets as well as detection the network flow. Apart from that, CPRS based approach is considered the most important mitigation policy in this threat. On the other hand, some prevention management systems must be included for mitigating this threat such as VPN and content flittering. Apart from that, combining farewell, as well as anti-spam, is also considered an important management system for detecting g this threat.


Table 3: Mitigation of DOS Attack
(Source: Self-Created)

SQL Injection

This threat is considered as one of the most significant threats of the network system as this threat mainly tampers the important data of a computer system. This threat can be found in any business organization which is based on a network system as well as a technology-based organization. This threat basically attacks the server system and hampers the work process of the system. This threat can be seen during the time of cyber-attacks when a hacker applies malicious code to the server of the system (Latchoumi, Reddy & Balamurugan 2020). In order to mitigate this threat, one should input validation in the computer system as well as parameterize all the queries which include already prepared statements. This particular application code should not be ever used as input directly to the computer system. Apart from that, by using the stored process the mitigation of this threat is possible and most importantly all the inputs which are supplied by the user should be escaped.


Table 4: Mitigation of SQL Injection
(Source: Self-Created)

Zero-day Exploit

This threat refers to as exploitation of network voluntary information and this threat can be found in any organization (Blaise et al. 2020). The mitigation policy of this particular threat is to find out the time opf attract as well as the time of dispatch of this threat.


Table 5: Mitigation of Zero-day Exploit
(Source: Self-Created)

Password Attack

Password attack is one of the most significant threats of a technology-based organization and this threat is mostly found in a computer device of the IT business organizations. This threat can be mitigated by following these stages such as phishing as well as credential attacking in the network system. Apart from that, key loggers, MitM, and dictionary attacks should be reduced for mitigating the emergence of threats.


Table 6: Mitigation of Password Attack
(Source: Self-Created)

Cross-site Scripting

This threat is mainly harmful to websites for E-commerce business organizations as well as other companies too.


Table 7: Mitigation of Cross-site Scripting
(Source: Self-Created)


This threat is mostly found in the technological system and caused data disclosure.

Table 8: Mitigation of Rootkits
(Source: Self-Created)

IoT Attacks

This threat is mainly found in IT organizations which is very harmful for the elevation of privileges.


Table 9: Mitigation of IoT Attacks
(Source: Self-Created)


Taking into consideration from the above text it can be concluded that there are several kinds of cyber threats that can be very harmful to networks as well as computer systems also. Defining all the requirements of security management is the first step for this model and then an application should be created. Apart from that, finding out the potential threads is also very important and after that, the threads should be mitigated for close security. For evaluating the potential risk factors the threat modeling is considered a proactive strategy that includes identification of the threats as well as improving tests or the process for detecting those threats. Apart from that, the approach of threat modeling should be to make out the impact of the threats as well as classify the threats. Application of the proper countermeasures is also included in the approach of the threat model.


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