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The Positive Correlation Between Climate Change and Ocean Identification Report Sample

There are two written assignments in this topic, namely:

- Assignment 1: Select a theme and summarize selected scientific publications (10% of the total mark)

- Assignment 2: Write a science-informed article on the selected theme (30% of total mark)

Instructions for Assignment 2

Select one of the following themes:

a. Climate change & population growth
b. Climate change & deforestation
c. Climate change & emission gaps
d. Climate change & ocean acidification
e. Climate change & wildfires

Write a science-based newspaper article on the selected theme that should be as informative and interesting as possible. See https://www.sciencenews.org/ for examples.

Your article must be based on verifiable scientific facts.

Here are the requirements for your article:

1. The title should reflect the content.

2. The text should be split up into three or more sections, each of 2-3 paragraphs.

3. The first section must introduce the reader to your theme and explain why your theme is relevant. The last section should be a summary with some open questions.

4. Include 1-3 scientific illustrations to underpin your text. The illustrations must have captions including reference to the source.

5. Add a reference list as an appendix.

6. A strict word limit of 1000 words (exclusive references) applies to your article. You must include a word count.

Notes: News articles do not use us reference links such as (Miles et al., 2022). Instead, you should rather write that “Dr Miles and her colleagues from Flinders University demonstrated that …”. You are allowed to use short quotes, but only if these are necessary.

Use exclusively your own words. No plagiarism! Plagiarism will be reported to the university.

The marking rubric for this assignment is shown on the next page. 



The world has witnessed mass extinction of marine life, 250 million years ago. The major reason behind 90% extinction of marine life was due to ocean acidification. This extinction has disrupted the ecological system in the most devastating way. In the last few years, scientists, researchers, and environmentalists are worried because they are predicting a repetition of such event. For Assignment Help, Massive changes in climate are causing ocean acidification. The Economist published that, deep sea coral reefs, baby oysters are getting killed due to such acidification and contamination. Therefore, if people, governing bodies, and other responsible authorities fail to take immediate actions it can cause massive destruction to the plant earth.

Climate Change and Its Relation to Ocean Acidification

Fossil fuels are burning and this is increasing the level of carbon-di-oxide. Increase in the level of Co2 is the major reason behind global warming. The heat that is generated due to global warming are stockpiled by the ocean. This is leading to ocean acidification, which is further having a detrimental impact on the marine life and ecosystem. According to the reports of NRDC, the ocean water is slightly basic because its PH level is 8.1. However, researchers and experts are currently predicting that the PH level of the ocean can dip down to 7.8 units. This can make the ocean water acidic. This change in the PH level of the ocean looks small. However, the ocean has encountered such dip in the PH level about 14-15 million years ago. Scientists are predicting that this slight dip in the PH level of the ocean can have serious implications. Marine species will not only get impacted. It can also have an impact on the organisations who are operating the marine industries.


The Science behind Acidification of Ocean

Professor Jason Hall-Spencer who is one of the researchers in the University of Plymouth says that ocean is the quick absorber of Carbon-di-oxide. Once Co2 is absorbed in the ocean water it reacts with the molecules of water (H2O). This reaction further forms carbonic acid. Carbonic acid can also be broken down into an Hydrogen ion (H+ ) and bicarbonate. The Hydrogen ion is further responsible for decreasing the PH level of the ocean. With the decrease in the level of PH, ocean starts becoming acidic. This reaction concludes that ocean acidification and climate change are interconnected environmental crises.

Henry’s Law

Sander says that according to Henry’s Law, for a dilute solution, the equilibrium ratio between the abundances in the aqueous phase and the gas phase is constant. This means with Co2 concentration in the atmosphere and ocean is increased simultaneously. CO2 emissions have started increasing following the industrial revolution. Along with Co2 harmful gases are eliminated in the atmosphere which is further leading to major changes in the climate.

Implications on marine life

The marine life is highly affected due to ocean acidification. With the rise in the temperature of water, the oxygen levels are decreasing. This is further leading to a difficult living of aquatic animals. Marine heat waves and bleaching of corals are few events in the ocean that are results of ocean acidification. In 2019, the Union of concerned statistics published in a report that the absorption rate of CO2 by ocean in the polar regions is more. When the water of the ocean is cold, it absorbs more Co2 than warmer tropics. This is one of the major reasons marine lives in the polar regions are getting highly affected. This difference in ocean acidification can be identified as regional acidification.


The problem that has been identified is serious. Climate change is real and this is having an impact on the lives of millions of aquatic species. Therefore, it is the current responsibility of each people in the world to take preventive actions. Crises like climate change and ocean acidification not only threatens the lives of marine species but it also can have life threatening impact on human and other terrestrial species. Therefore, if immediate and necessary actions are not undertaken then the earth will become a difficult place to live in.

The primary mitigation strategy is reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases and Co2. This is a long and time-consuming mitigation strategy. Organisations operating in different industries must take actions to reduce the impact of business operations on the environment. However, growing sea plants is the most favourable option. As said by Jones, sea grasses are capable of increasing the PH level of ocean by 0.38 units. This is how the acidity level can be decreased in the ocean. Moreover, the author also states that the saturation level of aragonite can be increased with the help of Sea grass. This can further increase the growth of Corals. Thus, from the above discussion it can be found that Sea grass can reduce ocean acidification and protect marine species simultaneously.


This article clearly identifies the interconnection between climate change and ocean identification. Due to industrial revolution, the emission of greenhouse gases and Carbon-di-oxide is increasing. This is further leading to global warming. The atmosphere along with the ocean is getting warmer. Ocean absorb Co2 from the atmosphere. It reacts chemically with water molecules and form carbonic acid. The Hydrogen which is an integral part of the carbonic acid are responsible for decreasing the PH level of the ocean. With the decrease in the PH level, ocean becomes more acidic. This article is relevant in the current scenario because it discusses about the implications of ocean acidification on the lives of aquatic animals. Conserving energy, reducing emission of greenhouse gases, and planting more sea grasses are solutions to this major problem. However, environmentalists, researchers, marine engineers, and other responsible authorities must come together to develop more innovative strategies and reduce the impact.

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